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From: "Michael Williams O'Connell"
Just thought you might be interested
My Grandad and his Cousin (what we just call an auntie) were both born
on Aitutaki (an island in the Cook Islands), but my "Auntie" so she
tells me was born with blond hair,but now its black.
Brit-Am Preliminary Note:
The article below apparently relates mainly to DNA haplogroup R1b which is now considered to have come from the Middle East i.e. the general region of Israel.
It assumes that they arrived in Neolithic Times ("10,000 years ago") BUT other evidence (that we quoted from in the URL above) shows they were not in Europe at that time! In other words the whole notion of them arriving in Neolithic Times was an assumption without any evidence to back it.
The earliest evidence we have (for male Ychromosome DNA) showing similar samples to those in existence today does not extend beyond the Iron Age. In fact (surprise, surprise) it may not extend beyond Medieval Times of less than 1000 years ago!
Brit-Am says that the Lost Tribes were exiled from the Land of Israel in ca. 700 BCE by conventional dating and then moved westward, i.e. ca. 2700 years ago.
This gives us plenty of time!
Most Britons descended from male farmers who left Iraq and Syria 10,000 years ago (and were seduced by the local hunter-gatherer women)
By David Derbyshire
Most Britons are direct descendants of farmers who left modern day Iraq and Syria 10,000 years ago, a new study has shown.
After studying the DNA of more than 2,000 men, researchers say they have compelling evidence that four out of five white Europeans can trace their roots to the Near East.
The discovery is shedding light on one of the most important periods of human history - the time when our ancient ancestors abandoned hunting and began to domesticate animals.
They found that 80 per cent of European men shared the same Y chromosone mutation and after analysing how the mutation was distributed across Europe, were able to retrace how Europe was colonised around 8,000BC.
Roots: Britons are descended from farmers who migrated from the Persian Gulf 10,000 years ago according to a new study (file picture)
Prof Mark Jobling, who led the study: 'This was at the time of the Neolithic revolution when they developed a new style of tools, symmetrical, beautiful tools.
'At this stage about 10,000 years ago there was evidence of the first settlements, people stopped being nomadic hunter-gatherers and started building communities.
'This also allowed people to specialise in certain areas of trade and make better tools because there was a surplus of food.'
European farming began around 9,000 BC in the Fertile Crescent - a region extending from the eastern Mediterranean coast to the Persian Gulf and which includes modern day Iraq, Syria, Israel and southeast Turkey.
The region was the cradle of civilisation and home to the Babylonia, Sumer and Assyrian empires.
Skills: Professor Mark Jobling says the settlers were more attractive to women because they could grow more food
The development of farming allowed people to settle down for the first time - and to produce more food than they needed, leading to trade and the freedom to develop new skills such as metal working, building and writing.
Some archaeologists have argued that some of these early farmers travelled around the world - settling new lands and bringing farming skills with them.
But others have insisted that the skills were passed on by word of mouth, and not by mass migration.
The new study suggests the farmers routinely upped sticks and moved west when their villages became too crowded, eventually reaching Britain and Ireland.
The waves of migrants brought their new skills with them. Some settled down with local tribes and taught them how to farm, the researchers believe.
'When the expansion happened these men had a reproductive advantage because they were able to grow more food so they were more attractive to women and had more offspring,' said Prof Jobling.
'In total more than 80 per cent of European men have Y chromosomes which descend from incoming farmers.
'It seems odd to think that the majority of men in Ireland have fore fathers from the near East and that British people have forefathers from the near East.'
The findings are published in the science journal PLoS Biology.
Dr Patricia Balaresque, a co-author of the study, said: 'This means that more than 80 per cent of European Y chromosomes descend from incoming farmers.'
In contrast, other studies have shown that DNA passed down from mothers to daughters can be traced by to hunter-gatherers in Europe, she said.
'To us, this suggests a reproductive advantage for farming males over indigenous hunter-gatherer males during the switch from hunting and gathering, to farming - maybe, back then, it was just sexier to be a farmer,' she said.
Europe was first settled by modern humans around 40,000 years ago. But other types of humans - including Neanderthals - were living in Europe hundreds
Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article
Does DNA support Brit-Am
The truth is we do not know but we are getting there.
Until recently the accepted ancestry of most people of West European origin was assumed to be thousands of miles away from the Middle East and ten thousands of years back.
It is now becoming accepted that the place of ancestry was the Middle East (e.g. see the above item no.4) and instead of 100s or 10s of thousands of years the difference between Brit-Am and the scientific CONJECTURE is ca. 1000 years. The Scientists now agree that European Neolithic DNA for males is DIFFERENT from that of today. They therefore say that the ancestors of today's population must have arrived in in Europe in the Early Bronze Age i.e. ca. 2000-1500 BCE.
We say the time of Exile of the Ten Tribes was in ca. 700 BCE and from there they went to Western Europe in stages. Other peoples from the Middle East (Assyrians, Moabites, Ammonites, Canaanites, Edomites, Aramaeans, etc) may also have contributed to the genetic make-up of Europe and migrated earlier.
Whether the ancestors of West Europeans really did arrive in the Early Bronze Age is however uncertain. The scientists do not KNOW for sure or even to any reasonable degree of certainty. No reliable tests are yet available.
Tests from Neolithic Times have been published PROVING that Neolithic Peoples were not the ancestors of most Europeans. The next stage downward is the Early Bronze Age which is later BUT tests from this later time have not yet been published! So we do not know.
Even if we did know and results were available (and they are not) and if theoretically they were to show that the European Ancestors were then present in the west we could contest the Chronology and Dating since at all events we have claims against the Dating as it is.
We have not yet however reached that stage and I somehow doubt we will.
I have seen indications that some tests indicate that even in MEDIEVAL TIMES OF LESS THAN A THOUSAND YEARS AGO the DNA of Europe was somewhat different.
We suspect some of the scientific researchers in effect already agree with us but do not know how to reconcile it with history as it is conventionally understood.
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