Dan in Northern Israel, Greece, and Elsewhere">
|Contents by Subject||
Contents in Alphabetical Order
The Tribe of Dan: Present Day Identifications
For references to the article below as well as more information on this and related matters, see our works
The Israelite Origins of Western Peoples"
The Tribe of Dan
Taken from: "The Tribes"
by Yair Davidiy
Tribal Identification: Dan
Additional Notes pertinent to the identification of Dan will be found in the sections concerning Reuben, Judah, Naphtali, and Gad.
[Adapted from "The Tribes"]
<<And the sons of Dan; Hushim>> Genesis 46; 23. "Hushim" was also known as "Shuham".
<<These are the sons of Dan after their families: of Shuham, the family of the Shuhami. These are the families of Dan after their families>> Numbers 26; 42.
DAN WITH GAD AND NAPHTALI
Groups derived from Dan were historically somehow linked with the Gothic forces that descended mainly from Gad. Danites were also found together with the Nephtalites of Naphtali .
DAN AMONGST THE CELTS
DAN IN WALES, IRELAND, SCOTLAND, AND NORTHERN ENGLAND
In Biblical Times the Tribe of Dan had been divided into three (or more) different sections. One section had been in the northern Galilee (Joshua 19; 42) and neighbored Gad. Later part of this section moved with other Israelites to Scythia. The Damnae in Serica (east of Scythia), were also called "Dingling" and were linked to the "DANGALAI" whose name means "DAN-OF-GALILEE". They had been neighbors of the Goths (from Gad) of Gadrosia in Ancient Eastern Iran. The DAMNAE of Scythian Serica were named similarly to the DAMNONII of Scotland (who lived besides the northern River DON of Scotland) and the DAMNONES of DANNONIA which was the name given to Devon and Cornwall. DANNONIA in Britain was named after the Tribe of DAN. The Tribe of Dan was recalled in the Children of DON in Welsh legend and the Tribe of DANA ("Tuatha de Danaan:) who came to the British Isles (according to Irish tradition) from the Land of Israel via Greece and Scandinavia. The area Damnonia in southern Britain as well as being alternatively called Dannonia was also known as "Defenia". The name "DEFENIA" is similar to that of DAPHNIA which was the former place of DAN in the Galilee in the Land of Northern Israel. "Daphne" (i.e. "Defenia") is also a name associated by the Talmud with the Lost Ten Tribes.
In Scotland the Damnonii (of Dan) adjoined the Gadeni probably of Gad. Somewhat to the south (in Northern England) according to Ptolemy was the city of Danum which area was later to be occupied by Danes from Denmark. In this case we see the possibility of a group of Celtic culture descended from Dan who gave their name to the city of Danum being followed by Scandinavians who were also descended from Dan and settling in the same area. We have come across similar phenomenon several times in this study.
DAN AMONGST THE VIKINGS
Danes from Dan were recorded together with the Naphtali in Scythia. From Scythia the Danes (moving via Sweden) conquered Denmark. The Danes and the Norwegians formed the Vikings who invaded England. The Danes settled in the northeast of England and the Norwegians in the northwest. They also conquered and settled in Ireland and in parts of Scotland.
THE SYMBOLS OF DAN STILL USED TODAY!
Danes from the Israelite Tribe of Dan invaded Denmark at about the same time as the Naphtali moved in large numbers into Norway. The Tribe of Dan was represented by a snake or by a lion. Other accepted symbols of Dan were a pair of scales, an eagle, and a dragon. Many members of Dan settled in Denmark, in Ireland, in Wales, England, and the U.S.A. where 40-50 million people have Irish ancestry. The symbol of a snake was once worshipped in Ireland; a lion represents Denmark and England, Wales has a dragon on its flag, and the U.S.A. has an eagle.
"HUSHIM" OR SHUHAM: THE SON OF DAN
The Son of DAN, "Hushim" (Genesis 46;23) was also called Shuham (Numbers 26;42). Hesse in north Germany represented Hushim. Shuham may be found in the "Suehani" who, according to Jordanes, were in Sweden like the Danes themselves are considered to have been. It is noticeable that quite often the Tribes of Naphtali and Dan were interwoven and that both appear to have been present in the Scythian Naphtalite group.
The Coat of Arms of Iceland includes: A dragon, which was one
of the symbols of Dan. A vulture, which in Hebrew is given the same name as
eagle, i.e. "Nesher", and a "nesher" was another one of the symbols of Dan. A
bull which is a symbol of Joseph; a Giant, which figure may represent DAN and
Samson the national hero of DAN. Iceland historically has been associated with
Norway and Denmark in which countries (especially Denmark) the Tribe of Dan made
a significant contribution.
PEOPLES OF DAN
DAN: Don, Danaster, Danaper, Danube (all rivers associated with the
Danava (a Scythian Tribe),
Dana (from Lebanon-Israel to Ireland).
Damnones (Scythia, Scotland, south-west Britain, also known as "Dannonia"
Dani (Danes of Denmark).
SHUCHAM (Suham) = Suehan (Sweden), Suoumi (Finland, also associated with Simeon).
HUSHAM (Hussem) = Hesse (Franks in Germany).
Ireland has a harp on its Coat of Arms. The harp is traditionally associated with King David of Judah and Israel.
DAN AND JUDAH
Samson and the Jutes
Judah is the major tribe amongst the Jews. The Jews on the whole were not exiled by the Assyrians but very many were, as evidenced by inscriptions of Sennacherib, Biblical hints, and Midrashic opinion. In addition enclaves of Jews from Judah existed amongst the northern Ten Tribes who were taken away and at other times bodies of exiled Judaeans may have merged with the Lost Tribes as autonomous groups.
In the Land of Israel the Tribe of Dan in the south bordered Ephraim, Benjamin, and Judah. The Danes had another section of their tribe in the northern Galilee surrounded by Asher, Naphtali, Gad, and the half-tribe of Menasseh. That portion of Menasseh adjoining Dan in the North on its eastern side was dominated by Gilead and within Gilead (who was the son of Machir son of Menasseh) was a band from JUDAH headed by YAIR ("Jair" in 1-Chronicles 2; 18-23). These Judaeans in Gilead of Machir are believed to have bordered Dan and to be those named "Judah upon Jordan toward the sunrising" in the Book of Joshua (19;34). Thus, Dan and Judah were neighbors in north and south Israel. In Jewish tradition Judah and Dan are often juxtapositioned. Samson the superman hero came from the Tribe of Dan but his mother was from Judah. Samson, in some respects, was considered a forerunner of the Messiah who will come from Judah but his mother, according to the Midrash (Gen. Rab. 49; 9) will be of the Tribe of Dan. A lion represented both Judah and Dan, though Dan has additional symbols such as the snake and dragon.
In Cilicia (southeast Turkey) there existed from ancient times an enclave of people named "Dananu" who were from Dan of Israel. The entity of the Dananu was known as "Smal" and as YADI and eventually was ruled directly from JUDAH in the south. Biblical evidence and the said toponomy suggest that Judaeans had adjoined their Danite brothers in YADI of Cilicia. YADI was later called Yutae both names being forms of Judah. After the Ten Tribes had been exiled, the Yaati (Utii) were to be found in Carmania (southwest Iran) bordering the Dangalae whose name implies "Dan-of-the Galilee". Similarly in Sogdiana east of the Caspian Sea the IATII (i.e. Yati of Judah) were recorded by Ptolemy neighboring the Augali (called "Aegli" by Herodotus) from whom descended the Angles. They were in Saka territory and the Saka (or SAXE as they were known) became the Saxons. Angles, Saxons, and Jutes were together in the invasion of England. A Danish tradition relates that the DANES came from DAN of Israel and the JUTES (of Jutland in Denmark) from Judah. In Northern European dialects and in Latin, variations on the names JUTE (of Denmark) and JUDAEAN (Jew from Judah) are interchangeable.
In Europe, a group called the "Saxons Euthiones" were recalled (in about 600 c.e.) as lying between Saxons and Danes in the north. These are believed to have been a section of Jutes in the region of Frisia in Holland. This form of the name (i.e. "Euthiones" for Jutes) seems to have occurred in the version of "Euthymachos" who together with figures named "Toxamis" and "Kimerios" were depicted on an ancient vase discovered in Italy. The said illustration is that of Scythians who at an early age began their incursions into Europe. The name "Kimmerios" means Cimmerian, and TOXAMIS is a variation of Toxaris who was a Scythian hero in Classical Literature. Later, the region of Holland (where Pytheas reported the presence of Scyths from ca.300 b.c.e.) was to be known as Toxandria and a Tribe of Belgae was to be named TOXANDRI.
Today Dan is dominant in Denmark, important in Ireland and Wales, and is also present amongst the population of the USA.
For More Brit-Am Sources concerning
DAN go to:
Articles on Dan.
"Tribal Characteristics in a Nutshell: Dan"
Dan and the Serpent Way.
Dan in Northern Israel, Greece, and Elsewhere
Brit-Am Answers Queries on Dan
Additional Notes on the Serpent Trail of Dan
by Dr Richard Giffith
For more information on Brit-Am contact: