[Ezekiel 6:1] AND THE WORD OF THE LORD CAME UNTO ME, SAYING,
[Ezekiel 6:2] SON OF MAN, SET THY FACE TOWARD THE MOUNTAINS OF ISRAEL, AND PROPHESY AGAINST THEM,
[Ezekiel 6:3] AND SAY, YE MOUNTAINS OF ISRAEL, HEAR THE WORD OF THE LORD
GOD; THUS SAITH THE LORD GOD TO THE MOUNTAINS, AND TO THE HILLS, TO THE RIVERS,
AND TO THE VALLEYS; BEHOLD, I, EVEN I, WILL BRING A SWORD UPON YOU, AND I
WILL DESTROY YOUR HIGH PLACES.
<<YE MOUNTAINS OF ISRAEL>>: Sometimes in Scripture "mountains"
represent nations.Even though Ezekiel uses the expression "Israel" according
to the simple context the Prophet is referring to Judah just before the Babylonian
Exile. The Jews were destined to be exiled to Babylon and to other places.
After seventy years a portion of them began to return but the majority remained
in Exile. This was the beginning of the Jewish Diaspora.<<YOUR HIGH
[Ezekiel 6:4] AND YOUR ALTARS SHALL BE DESOLATE,
AND YOUR IMAGES SHALL BE BROKEN: AND I WILL CAST DOWN YOUR SLAIN MEN BEFORE
<<IMAGES>>: in Hebrew "Chamanim" meaning "sun-images" apparently depicting the sun.
[Ezekiel 6:5] AND I WILL LAY THE DEAD CARCASES
OF THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL BEFORE THEIR IDOLS; AND I WILL SCATTER YOUR BONES
ROUND ABOUT YOUR ALTARS.
[Ezekiel 6:6] IN ALL YOUR DWELLING PLACES THE CITIES SHALL BE LAID WASTE,
AND THE HIGH PLACES SHALL BE DESOLATE; THAT YOUR ALTARS MAY BE LAID WASTE
AND MADE DESOLATE, AND YOUR IDOLS MAY BE BROKEN AND CEASE, AND YOUR IMAGES
MAY BE CUT DOWN, AND YOUR WORKS MAY BE ABOLISHED.
[Ezekiel 6:7] AND THE SLAIN SHALL FALL IN THE MIDST OF YOU, AND YE SHALL KNOW THAT I AM THE LORD.
[Ezekiel 6:8] YET WILL I LEAVE A REMNANT, THAT YE MAY HAVE SOME THAT SHALL
ESCAPE THE SWORD AMONG THE NATIONS, WHEN YE SHALL BE SCATTERED THROUGH THE
[Ezekiel 6:9] AND THEY THAT ESCAPE OF YOU SHALL
REMEMBER ME AMONG THE NATIONS WHITHER THEY SHALL BE CARRIED CAPTIVES, BECAUSE
I AM BROKEN WITH THEIR WHORISH HEART, WHICH HATH DEPARTED FROM ME, AND WITH
WHICH GO A WHORING AFTER THEIR IDOLS: AND THEY SHALL LOATH THEMSELVES FOR
THE EVILS WHICH THEY HAVE COMMITTED IN ALL THEIR ABOMINATIONS.
We shall all yet repent of our ways and be healed.
[Ezekiel 6:10] AND THEY SHALL KNOW THAT I AM THE LORD, AND THAT I HAVE NOT SAID IN VAIN THAT I WOULD DO THIS EVIL UNTO THEM.
[Ezekiel 6:11] THUS SAITH THE LORD GOD; SMITE WITH THINE HAND, AND STAMP
WITH THY FOOT, AND SAY, ALAS FOR ALL THE EVIL ABOMINATIONS OF THE HOUSE OF
ISRAEL! FOR THEY SHALL FALL BY THE SWORD, BY THE FAMINE, AND BY THE PESTILENCE.
[Ezekiel 6:12] HE THAT IS FAR OFF SHALL DIE OF
THE PESTILENCE; AND HE THAT IS NEAR SHALL FALL BY THE SWORD; AND HE THAT
REMAINETH AND IS BESIEGED SHALL DIE BY THE FAMINE: THUS WILL I ACCOMPLISH
MY FURY UPON THEM.
[Ezekiel 6:13] THEN SHALL YE KNOW THAT I AM THE LORD, WHEN THEIR SLAIN MEN
SHALL BE AMONG THEIR IDOLS ROUND ABOUT THEIR ALTARS, UPON EVERY HIGH HILL,
IN ALL THE TOPS OF THE MOUNTAINS, AND UNDER EVERY GREEN TREE, AND UNDER EVERY
THICK OAK, THE PLACE WHERE THEY DID OFFER SWEET SAVOUR TO ALL THEIR IDOLS.
<<UNDER EVERY THICK OAK>>: The oak was a sacred tree for
the druids of Britain and religious ceremonies were held in its shade.
[Ezekiel 6:14] SO WILL I STRETCH OUT MY HAND UPON
THEM, AND MAKE THE LAND DESOLATE, YEA, MORE DESOLATE THAN THE WILDERNESS
TOWARD DIBLATH, IN ALL THEIR HABITATIONS: AND THEY SHALL KNOW THAT I AM THE
The Israelites were pagans or half-pagans before their exile. They worshipped
the gods of Canaan, of Egypt and of the Middle East as well as a synthesis
of Hebrew traditions with pagan ones.Remnants of these practices were evident
amongst the "Celtic" peoples of Britain and Western Europe.
Adapted from "Lost Israelite Identity":Britain, said Julius Caesar,
was the centre of the Druidical religion. Strabo reported that Ceres and
Proserpine were worshipped in Britain according to the Samothracian (i.e.
Phoenician) rites25. In Britain
the Canaanite god Baal was worshipped and was called Bel.. The name "Bel"
for "baal" is also found as a root in some of the names of British kings
e.g. "Cassi-belin", "Cuno-belin"; one of the names of the sun in Gaul was
Belis and Baal (or "Bel") was a sun-god. There was a feast known as "Beltane"
which in Scottish means "Fire of Bel". The custom in Britain, Sweden, and
northern Europe of jumping over fires and leading cattle, etc. through the
smoke and flames at the feast of Beltane is a pagan Canaanite custom still
practised until very recently in northern Europe, in Celtic and Scandinavian
lands. Bel god of the Britons was also known as Belus or Belinus similar
to Bel or Belus the Assyrian form of "baal"26. The Syrian Belmarcos had altars
in the region of Paris; many Gallic peoples worshipped the sun god Belenus
who became equated with Apollo; in Brittany (Armorica) a priest is still
(even today) referred to as a BELEC meaning "servant of Bel"27 and BEL was
an alternative pronounciation in the Middle East for Baal!In Gaul three main
gods were worshipped and a host of smaller ones. Samuel Bochartus traced
these gods to Phoenician sources*28. Taramis (or Taranis) was the god of
thunder, in Hebrew RAM means thunder and in verbal form can be rendered TARAM.
Taramis was considered (says Bochartis) the equivalent of Zeus or Jupiter; Hesus (Mars) derived from the Syrian Ezuzo
and in Hebrew Ezuz connotes Strength and in the Psalms (24;8) the appellation
"Ezuz" is applied to God. The name Belenus (Apollo) derives from the Phoenician
Bel (Baal). Other parallels are Celtic "Onuana" and Phoenician Onga; Gallic
Minerva Belisama and Phoenician "Belsamen"; The figures of Hercules and Ogmus
came from the Phoenician Melicerte. The cult of Gallic Camule paralleled
the Oriental Cadmil; the Gallic Gwyon equalled the Phoenician Gigon.
In southwest Gaul (Aquitaine) the Egyptian goddess Isis was worshipped in
the Dordogne River Valley from pre-Roman times29. Both Phoenicians and Israelites in the Land of Israel prior to their exile are
proven by archaeological findings to have adopted Egyptian deities.
Pliny (N.H.30.1.4) is often quoted as saying that British Druidical
practices had been learnt directly from the Persians. Actually, Pliny (in
the Latin) may equally be understood to say: "..as if they had taught the
Persians, not the Persians them"30. Persian religion was a
mixture of Israelite, Canaanite, and Babylonian beliefs with some "Indo-European"
additions.The frequent conjunction of a ship with the solar disc on rock
sculptures is found in Sweden, Ireland, and Brittany. This is an Egyptian
symbol31. It is also found in the Pict region of Scotland32.
"It is thought that the Druidical doctrine was discovered already in
existence, in Britain and was brought from there to Gaul. Even today it
is the rule for those who want to become really expert in the doctrine to
go to Britain and learn it there" (Julius Caesar B.G. vi;2).
In Gaul the territory of the Carnutes was a Druidical centre. The name
of the CARNUTES contains the root CRN derived from the Hebrew KeReN (meaning
"horn") and found frequently with Celtic tribal-names especially
those of Britain and in Britain especially amongst tribes of the Picts in
the north. [The name "Karnayim" (two horns) had also been given to an important
region in the territory of Menasseh]. The Druids practised human sacrifice.
They believed in transmigration (reincarnation) of the soul after death as
did the ancient Egyptians. It was possible amongst the Celts to give a promissory
note on debt, payable in the next world; this custom is considered to be
an Egyptian one34. The Druidical priests of Ireland seem to have employed
a type of hair tonsure found also in Arabia and the east. In Irish a priest
was called a "cois" and it is known that in the Phoenician colony on Samothrace
(off the coast of Greece) a priest was termed a "coies" equivalent to the
Hebrew "cohen". In Ireland the supreme god was known as Beal (meaning baal)
or as Beal Samhan which name is paralleled by that of the Syrian god "Baal
Samim" whose name in Hebrew (Baal Shamayim) means "lord of heaven". The Canaanite
worship of Moloch was also practised and was known to the Celts as Crom Cruach.
The Celtic goddess Aistorith (also worshipped by the Anglo-Saxons according
to Bede) was a version of Canaanite Ashtoreth. Religious associations and
customs paralleled those recorded concerning the ancient Egyptians, the Canaanite
Phoenicians, and the Phoenicians of Samothrace35.. The Irish funeral ceremonies
recall those of ancient Greece
and Egypt36. In Britain and Ireland numerous Celtic place-names retain
the term "baal" or derivations of it: Baal-y-bai, Beal-Tene, Balhomais, Ballinluig,
Balmuick, Balnaguard, etc. it is claimed that in Britain place-names associated
with baal are usually near stone circles or other megalithic remains37. In
Ireland "baal" place-names are especially numerous. The "sidhe" in Irish
appears to have connoted the fairy people or gods; this name, "sidhe" is
of Hebrew or Phoenician origin. In Hebrew "shed" means demon while "Shadi"
is one of the names for God.
La Tour d'Auvergne wrote a History about the Origins of the Gauls emphasising
Brittany in France based on traditions and sources that have since disappeared
in many instances. La Tour d'Auvergne reported:*Huesi was an old name for
the Israelites given them by the Egyptians. Hoesus was a major god of the
Gauls, identified by the Romans with Mars.
*Hissione was considered the ancestor of the Romanised Gauls, the Alans,
Franks, Alamans, and Britons all peoples who populated France. HUESI (i.e.
Israelites), Hoesus( the god), and Hissione (ancestor of the Gauls) all appear
to be forms of the same appellation. Hu Gadarn legendary ancestor of the
British Cymry is referred to in one Welsh version as "Hu Gadarn Hysicion"
and "Hysicion" was apparently understandable to the Welsh as meaning "Isaacson",
i.e. son of Isaac, forefather of Israel. The Northern Ten Tribes are referred to in the Bible as "Isaac" or "House of
Isaac" (cf. Amos 7;16). *The name Jupiter (the chief Roman god) according
to La Tour was rendered in primitive Celtic as Iou, Iaou, and other forms.
The Hebrew ineffable name for GOD transliterated as Jehovah or Yahwah was
sometimes also rendered by writers in Greek as Iou or Iaou and identified
by them with Zeus which became the Roman Jupiter. In other words, to the extent that
the primitive Celts believed in a Supreme Deity they identified this Deity
with the One God of the Hebrews and called Him by the same name.
Very soon after the conversion of Ireland to Christianity the whole
country was covered by monasteries, whose complete organisation seems to
indicate that they were really Druidic colleges transformed en masse38.The
early Celtic Church was very Hebraic in its injunctions and tended to adopt
much of the Mosaic Code as they understood it. The Celtic Church assimilated
Druidic practices and personnel. The Druidical connection appears to have
been a factor in "Judaising" tendencies since the Druids had always had practices
parallel to Hebrew ones.Hebraic practices in themselves do not necessarily
prove anything but when taken into account together with other signs, such
as vestiges of Middle Eastern paganism (which was adopted by the Northern
Israelites before their exile) alongside significant traces of Hebrew origins, they add to the sum total of evidence.