Eden in Jerome: We saw that eden can
be connected Manasseh. Jerome (Jeremiah) was a prophet who prophesied about
the return of both Judah and the Lost Ten Tribes. He referred to
Ephraim as an "Aegel" which was another term for "Angli" (Anglo-Saxon)
and he said that the path of migration would
be determined in later times through the path of the megalithic "dolmen" monuments in west Celtic lands.
Brit-Am in its own way is fulfilling the Prophecies of Jeremiah.
HAST CHASTISED ME, AND I WAS CHASTISED, AS A BULLOCK UNACCUSTOMED TO THE
YOKE: TURN THOU ME, AND I SHALL BE TURNED; FOR THOU ART THE LORD MY GOD.
used for "young bull" (i.e. "bullock") in Hebrew is "AEGEL". Historically
this very name "Aegel" was a diminutive (favorite nickname) for the ethnic
term "Angle". The Angles gave England (i.e.
"Angle-land") its name. Together with the Saxons, Jutes, Vandals, and others the Angles conquered from the Celts the land that was later named England. The Angles were also called "Aegels". The appellations "Angle" and "Aegel" were employed interchangeably. The Hebrew word for young bull is "Aegel".
Rashi states that the Hebrew word "Aegel" (Young Bull) was a name applied to Ephraim. This was another name applied to the English. The English now nickname themselves "John Bull". This is an important point: the verse is strongly indicating that the English (Angles) are to be identified with Ephraim.
Ephraim shall return. The process of return, it is inferred, will begin when a feeling of the need for repentance will just begin to be aroused. This feeling will make itself felt in great intensity after the
return is under way. Ephraim reproaches himself for the sins of his youth.
<IS EPHRAIM MY DEAR SON?>>
In Hebrew "HaBen Yakar li Ephraim" and this verse is the theme of a very beautiful song. "A PLEASANT CHILD" in Hebrew "Yeled HaShashuim", the child of delights, of playing; also translatable as "playboy". Ephraim was a sinner but he had an historical role to play and very often he played it well.
The following verse (31;21) in Jeremiah refers to dolmens which are large
stones set table fashion over others and often covered by large piles of
rocks and stone. The dolmens and other related stone monuments form a connecting
link between Israel, Britain, West France, and Scandinavia. More dolmens
(over 5000!) have been found in Denmark than in any other country. On the
other hand the oldest dolmens are believed to be those of Israel. More
than 20,000 megalithic monuments of all types (including dolmens) have
been found in the Land of Israel especially on the eastern "Jordanian"
side since for various reasons those on the west were destroyed by local
inhabitants. The verse in effects links "dolmens" with
HEART TOWARD THE HIGHWAY, EVEN THE WAY WHICH THOU WENTEST: TURN AGAIN, O
VIRGIN OF ISRAEL, TURN AGAIN TO THESE THY CITIES.
("Olam HaTanach"): <<The Prophet calls upon the Exiles to indicate
withspecial signs their pathway into Exile, in order that they may quickly
return to the land by the path they went in. This method of marking a pathway
is practiced unto this day.How would they know to find the way in Biblical
Times? How would they describe the way of journey or the border line? It
appears that in Biblical times to was accepted practice to make note of
Abarbanel: <<The prophet therefore spoke concerning the Kingdom of Israel [of the Ten Tribes] SET THEE UP WAYMARKS saying that when you g into Exile make signs by the routes and waymarks like piles of rocks [i.e. cairns] or stone monuments [Hebrew: Matzavah, i.e. dolmen] so that you may set your heart to the route and remember in order that you may return in the way you went in, return to your city.>>
The "WAYMARKS" the
Prophet is referring to were megalithic monuments. These monuments we believe
were set up by Israelites and we have some proof for this belief. Even
however if the monuments in question were not set up by Israelites but
had existed previously the fact remains that they happened
to all lie along the path of Israelite migration westward. It is this fact that Jeremiah is telling the Israelites (i.e. he is telling us) to take note of.
The word translated above as "WAYMARKS" in the original Hebrew is "Tzionim" which strictly speaking means "signs" but in spoken Hebrew is usually used to denote a stone erection marking a grave or event.
The most literal explanation of this verse amongst the Classical Authoritative Rabbinical Commentators is that given by the "Radak" (Rabbi David Kimchi, 1157-1236) of Narbonne, France. The Radak says:
"SET YOURSELF UP WAYMARKS" (Jeremiah 31): This was directed to the Community of Israel, that in the generation when they would be exiled they should set up waymarks [i.e. "tsionim"] such as PILED-UP STONES OR STONE MONUMENTS. The purpose of these monuments was to mark the paths [of migration for the sake of future recognition]. The meaning was to say that even though you will be exiled, hope is not lost and you are still destined to return to these your cities. "MAKE YOURSELF HIGH HEAPS" [Hebrew:
"tamrurim"]. The same message is repeated though the wording is changed since both "tamrurim" [i.e. "high heaps"] and "tsionim" (i.e. "waymarks") connote elevated-height [from the root "tamar"]...
Bearing in mind that according to the previous verse (31;20) Jeremiah is
addressing himself to Ephraim, the verse in Jeremiah 31;21 may therefore
be understood to say:
"Set yourself up stone monuments [menhirs, dolmens] and high heaps of stones [cairns] [i.e. "Megalithic" monuments!]. Set your heart towards the prepared way: The way in which you went. Turn back o virgin of Israel, return unto these cities of yours.
The mode of expression employed by the Prophet should be understood differently
from that used by Moses. When Moses gave a commandment it had to be obeyed.
When the prophets issue an order
concerning future action it means they are predicting what will happen. They are telling us what must be learned from this action. Jeremiah is saying that (for whatever reason) the exiled Israelites will have stone
monuments set up. Through these monuments Jeremiah predicts that it will be possible in the future to learn of the Israelite paths of migration away from the Land of Israel. Once this is learned it will serve as a means by which they may be persuaded to return. The inferred commandment to the exiles to erect "Tsionim" is therefore applicable to the dolmens and other so-called "Stone Age" ("Megalithic") monuments. Many of these monuments date from the Bronze and Iron Age periods. They are mentioned in the Bible as
being set up by the Hebrew Patriarchs and Judges as well as by others.
The verse (Jeremiah 31;12) may therefore
in the Hebrew be understood further as saying:
"Establish waymarks [i.e. "Tsionim" =dolmens] for yourself, set up for yourself high-heaps [i.e. cairns, "Tamrurim" = wayfaremarkers]: put your heart [i.e. pay attention] to the pathways you went by and return, O
virgin of Israel, come back to these cities of yours.
Some understand the above verse in a partly figurative sense but taken
literally according to the Radak (Kimchi) it means that a trail of megalithic
monuments should be traceable along the paths of migration as
indeed it is. Megalithic Monuments begin in the land of Israel on both sides of the Jordan. They have offshoots of uncertain nature into Asia but exact reproductions are fund in the Caucasus, in Bulgaria, in Spain, West France, the Netherlands, Scandinavia, Britain, and Ireland. They describe two main migratory paths from Israel to Western Europe. These paths show us how the Lost Ten Tribes left their land and where they went to. Jeremiah the Prophet transmits the command of God telling us to take heed of the paths we went in, the monuments we set up, and the way leading back to the cities of our forefathers in the Land of Israel.
Goshen in south Judah but originally
a dwelling place for all Israel (picked out by Joseph) while they were
SAITH THY SON JOSEPH, GOD HATH MADE ME LORD OF ALL EGYPT: COME DOWN UNTO
ME, TARRY NOT:
45:10] AND THOU SHALT DWELL IN THE LAND OF GOSHEN, AND THOU SHALT
Salem another name for Jerusalem the
capital of all Israel.
Samaria another name for the northern ten tribes whose capital for a time
was the city of Samaria in the Province of Manasseh.