Joshua Chapter 19 with Yair Davidiy
We saw how first Judah received his inheritance, then the Tribes of Joseph,
then the other tribes the account of which has began. So too, it appears
will the final deliverance and inheritance be: First Judah will return
which has happened partially in our own day, then the Tribes of Joseph
beginning with a portion of Manasseh probably of Gilead, then the other tribes.
[Joshua 19:1] AND THE SECOND LOT CAME FORTH TO SIMEON, EVEN FOR THE TRIBE
OF THE CHILDREN OF SIMEON ACCORDING TO THEIR FAMILIES: AND THEIR
INHERITANCE WAS WITHIN THE INHERITANCE OF THE CHILDREN OF JUDAH.
Simeon was within Judah. Later Simeon separated himself. Much of Simeon
also reached Manasseh. At all events Scripture emphasizes the connection of
Simeon to Judah. The Khazars who converted and returned to Judah had a
tradition that they were from Simeon and Manasseh. The Khazar connection to
Simeon is stressed.
Midrash Ten Exiles: <<It happened that Mar Yaacov son of Eliezer traveled
in the land of Khuzaria, and he saw there the tribe of Simeon, and he said:
Woe to us that saw the fulfillment of what is written: AND I WILL SCATTER
YOU AMONG THE HEATHEN (Leviticus 26:33). And when later he saw a Khuzari
who converted to Judaism he quoted, AND YET FOR ALL THAT, WHEN THEY BE IN
THE LAND OF THEIR ENEMIES, I WILL NOT CAST THEM AWAY (Leviticus 26:44)>>
Yehudah Kiel (Daat Mikra, Sefer Yehoshua) quotes from Elyahu of Vilna
regarding the blessing of Jacob to Simeon and Levi:
<<I WILL DIVIDE THEM IN JACOB, AND SCATTER THEM IN ISRAEL>> (Genesis 49:7).
Simeon was to be divided in Jacoband levi scattered throughout Israel. M.
Ziedel sees a hint to Judah in the name Jacoband in the Bible Jacoboften
seems to represent Judah, e.g.
[Psalms 114:1] WHEN ISRAEL WENT OUT OF EGYPT, THE HOUSE OF JACOB FROM A
PEOPLE OF STRANGE LANGUAGE;
[Psalms 114:2] JUDAH WAS HIS SANCTUARY, AND ISRAEL HIS DOMINION.
In the example above we see the terms Judahand Jacobas interchangeable.
On the other hand this would not necessarily be the case in every verse
where Jacobis mentioned. It is however a point worth keeping in mind.
[Joshua 19:2] AND THEY HAD IN THEIR INHERITANCE BEERSHEBA, AND SHEBA, AND MOLADAH,
BEERSHEBA is now a large city, with plenty of sunshine and beautiful women.
It now has many Russian immigrants.
[Joshua 19:3] AND HAZARSHUAL, AND BALAH, AND AZEM,
[Joshua 19:4] AND ELTOLAD, AND BETHUL, AND HORMAH,
[Joshua 19:5] AND ZIKLAG, AND BETHMARCABOTH, AND HAZARSUSAH,
BETHMARCABOTH, = BETH-MARCABOTH the House of Chariots.
HAZARSUSAH = HAZAR- SUSAH Courtyard of the Horses. This is identified by
some with present region of Susia in the southern Hebron Hills. It is
naturally good horse country. I once lived there and used to conduct a herd
of donkeys across country from one place to another
[Joshua 19:6] AND BETHLEBAOTH, AND SHARUHEN; THIRTEEN CITIES AND THEIR VILLAGES:
[Joshua 19:7] AIN, REMMON, AND ETHER, AND ASHAN; FOUR CITIES AND THEIR VILLAGES:
[Joshua 19:8] AND ALL THE VILLAGES THAT WERE ROUND ABOUT THESE CITIES TO
BAALATHBEERAMATH OF THE SOUTH. THIS IS THE INHERITANCE OF THE TRIBE OF THE
CHILDREN OF SIMEON ACCORDING TO THEIR FAMILIES.
[Joshua 19:9] OUT OF THE PORTION OF THE CHILDREN OF JUDAH WAS THE
INHERITANCE OF THE CHILDREN OF SIMEON: FOR THE PART OF THE CHILDREN OF
JUDAH WAS TOO MUCH FOR THEM: THEREFORE THE CHILDREN OF SIMEON HAD THEIR
INHERITANCE WITHIN THE INHERITANCE OF THEM.
[Joshua 19:10] AND THE THIRD LOT CAME UP FOR THE CHILDREN OF ZEBULUN
ACCORDING TO THEIR FAMILIES: AND THE BORDER OF THEIR INHERITANCE WAS UNTO SARID:
[Joshua 19:11] AND THEIR BORDER WENT UP TOWARD THE SEA, AND MARALAH, AND
REACHED TO DABBASHETH, AND REACHED TO THE RIVER THAT IS BEFORE JOKNEAM;
[Joshua 19:12] AND TURNED FROM SARID EASTWARD TOWARD THE SUNRISING UNTO THE
BORDER OF CHISLOTHTABOR, AND THEN GOETH OUT TO DABERATH, AND GOETH UP TO JAPHIA,
[Joshua 19:13] AND FROM THENCE PASSETH ON ALONG ON THE EAST TO
GITTAHHEPHER, TO ITTAHKAZIN, AND GOETH OUT TO REMMONMETHOAR TO NEAH;
[Joshua 19:14] AND THE BORDER COMPASSETH IT ON THE NORTH SIDE TO HANNATHON:
AND THE OUTGOINGS THEREOF ARE IN THE VALLEY OF JIPHTHAHEL:
[Joshua 19:15] AND KATTATH, AND NAHALLAL, AND SHIMRON, AND IDALAH, AND
BETHLEHEM: TWELVE CITIES WITH THEIR VILLAGES.
There was a town named BETHLEHEM in the north as well as in the south. Here
itb is recorded as being in the portion of Zebulon.
[Joshua 19:16] THIS IS THE INHERITANCE OF THE CHILDREN OF ZEBULUN ACCORDING
TO THEIR FAMILIES, THESE CITIES WITH THEIR VILLAGES.
[Joshua 19:17] AND THE FOURTH LOT CAME OUT TO ISSACHAR, FOR THE CHILDREN OF
ISSACHAR ACCORDING TO THEIR FAMILIES.
[Joshua 19:18] AND THEIR BORDER WAS TOWARD JEZREEL, AND CHESULLOTH, AND
[Joshua 19:19] AND HAPHRAIM, AND SHIHON, AND ANAHARATH,
[Joshua 19:20] AND RABBITH, AND KISHION, AND ABEZ,
[Joshua 19:21] AND REMETH, AND ENGANNIM, AND ENHADDAH, AND BETHPAZZEZ;
[Joshua 19:22] AND THE COAST REACHETH TO TABOR, AND SHAHAZIMAH, AND
BETHSHEMESH; AND THE OUTGOINGS OF THEIR BORDER WERE AT JORDAN: SIXTEEN
CITIES WITH THEIR VILLAGES.
[Joshua 19:23] THIS IS THE INHERITANCE OF THE TRIBE OF THE CHILDREN OF
ISSACHAR ACCORDING TO THEIR FAMILIES, THE CITIES AND THEIR VILLAGES.
[Joshua 19:24] AND THE FIFTH LOT CAME OUT FOR THE TRIBE OF THE CHILDREN OF
ASHER ACCORDING TO THEIR FAMILIES.
[Joshua 19:25] AND THEIR BORDER WAS HELKATH, AND HALI, AND BETEN, AND ACHSHAPH,
[Joshua 19:26] AND ALAMMELECH, AND AMAD, AND MISHEAL; AND REACHETH TO
CARMEL WESTWARD, AND TO SHIHORLIBNATH;
[Joshua 19:27] AND TURNETH TOWARD THE SUNRISING TO BETHDAGON, AND REACHETH
TO ZEBULUN, AND TO THE VALLEY OF JIPHTHAHEL TOWARD THE NORTH SIDE OF
BETHEMEK, AND NEIEL, AND GOETH OUT TO CABUL ON THE LEFT
[Joshua 19:28] AND HEBRON, AND REHOB, AND HAMMON, AND KANAH, EVEN UNTO GREAT ZIDON;
Zidon is also referred to as Sidon. It was the foremost Phoenician city.
People from the Tribes of Asher participated in the maritime enterprises of
the Phoenicians and according to Camden mined for tin in Cornwall in
Britain. Tin was very important since it is mixed with copper to make
bronze. Bronze was the major metal in use at the time. The Phoenicians
controlled tin mining in Britain and supplied most of the ancient world.
[Joshua 19:29] AND THEN THE COAST TURNETH TO RAMAH, AND TO THE STRONG CITY
TYRE; AND THE COAST TURNETH TO HOSAH; AND THE OUTGOINGS THEREOF ARE AT THE
SEA FROM THE COAST TO ACHZIB:
[Joshua 19:30] UMMAH ALSO, AND APHEK, AND REHOB: TWENTY AND TWO CITIES WITH
[Joshua 19:31] THIS IS THE INHERITANCE OF THE TRIBE OF THE CHILDREN OF
ASHER ACCORDING TO THEIR FAMILIES, THESE CITIES WITH THEIR
[Joshua 19:32] THE SIXTH LOT CAME OUT TO THE CHILDREN OF NAPHTALI, EVEN FOR
THE CHILDREN OF NAPHTALI ACCORDING TO THEIR FAMILIES.
[Joshua 19:33] AND THEIR COAST WAS FROM HELEPH, FROM ALLON TO ZAANANNIM,
AND ADAMI, NEKEB, AND JABNEEL, UNTO LAKUM; AND THE OUTGOINGS THEREOF WERE
[Joshua 19:34] AND THEN THE COAST TURNETH WESTWARD TO AZNOTHTABOR, AND
GOETH OUT FROM THENCE TO HUKKOK, AND REACHETH TO ZEBULUN ON THE SOUTH
SIDE, AND REACHETH TO ASHER ON THE WEST SIDE, AND TO JUDAH UPON JORDAN
TOWARD THE SUNRISING.
[Joshua 19:35] AND THE FENCED CITIES ARE ZIDDIM, ZER, AND HAMMATH, RAKKATH,
<<RAKKATH>>: Talmudic tradition says that Rakkath was the former name of
the city of Tiberias.
[Joshua 19:36] AND ADAMAH, AND RAMAH, AND HAZOR,
[Joshua 19:37] AND KEDESH, AND EDREI, AND ENHAZOR,
[Joshua 19:38] AND IRON, AND MIGDALEL, HOREM, AND BETHANATH, AND
BETHSHEMESH; NINETEEN CITIES WITH THEIR VILLAGES.
[Joshua 19:39] THIS IS THE INHERITANCE OF THE TRIBE OF THE CHILDREN OF
NAPHTALI ACCORDING TO THEIR FAMILIES, THE CITIES AND THEIR VILLAGES.
[Joshua 19:40] AND THE SEVENTH LOT CAME OUT FOR THE TRIBE OF THE CHILDREN
OF DAN ACCORDING TO THEIR FAMILIES.
[Joshua 19:41] AND THE COAST OF THEIR INHERITANCE WAS ZORAH, AND ESHTAOL,
[Joshua 19:42] AND SHAALABBIN, AND AJALON, AND JETHLAH,
[Joshua 19:43] AND ELON, AND THIMNATHAH, AND EKRON,
[Joshua 19:44] AND ELTEKEH, AND GIBBETHON, AND BAALATH,
[Joshua 19:45] AND JEHUD, AND BENEBERAK, AND GATHRIMMON,
[Joshua 19:46] AND MEJARKON, AND RAKKON, WITH THE BORDER BEFORE JAPHO.
[Joshua 19:47] AND THE COAST OF THE CHILDREN OF DAN WENT OUT TOO LITTLE FOR
THEM: THEREFORE THE CHILDREN OF DAN WENT UP TO FIGHT AGAINST LESHEM, AND
TOOK IT, AND SMOTE IT WITH THE EDGE OF THE SWORD, AND POSSESSED IT, AND
DWELT THEREIN, AND CALLED LESHEM, DAN, AFTER THE NAME OF DAN THEIR FATHER.
Leshem was the city of Dan in Galilee. There is a spring there which is the
source of the Jordan River. The Talmud (Becoroth 54) derives the name
Jordan from Yored (goes down from) Dan. The Rhine River in ancient times
was called Eridanus which is a form of the name Yordan (Jordan). In the
Book of Judges it tells us how the children of Dan conquered Laish and
named it Dan (Judges 18:29). Commentators have claimed that Leshem and
Laish were two names for the same place but we have shown (in Lost
Israelite Identity) that Laish was actually an entirely different place in
what is now southeast Turkey.
[Joshua 19:48] THIS IS THE INHERITANCE OF THE TRIBE OF THE CHILDREN OF DAN
ACCORDING TO THEIR FAMILIES, THESE CITIES WITH THEIR VILLAGES.
[Joshua 19:49] WHEN THEY HAD MADE AN END OF DIVIDING THE LAND FOR
INHERITANCE BY THEIR COASTS, THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL GAVE AN INHERITANCE TO
JOSHUA THE SON OF NUN AMONG THEM:
[Joshua 19:50] ACCORDING TO THE WORD OF THE LORD THEY GAVE HIM THE CITY
WHICH HE ASKED, EVEN
TIMNATHSERAH IN MOUNT EPHRAIM: AND HE BUILT THE CITY,
AND DWELT THEREIN.
<<TIMNATHSERAH>> TIMNATH-SERAH also known as TIMNATH-HERES
"AND THEY BURIED HIM IN THE BORDER OF HIS INHERITANCE IN TIMNATHHERES, IN
THE MOUNT OF EPHRAIM, ON THE NORTH SIDE OF THE HILL GAASH" [Judges 2:9]. At
present there is an Arab village there with a similar name and just beside
it the Jewish city of Emmanuel whose population is mainly Ultra-Orthodox.
[Joshua 19:51] THESE ARE THE INHERITANCES, WHICH ELEAZAR THE PRIEST, AND
JOSHUA THE SON OF NUN, AND THE HEADS OF THE FATHERS OF THE TRIBES OF THE
CHILDREN OF ISRAEL, DIVIDED FOR AN INHERITANCE BY LOT IN SHILOH BEFORE THE
LORD, AT THE DOOR OF THE TABERNACLE OF THE CONGREGATION. SO THEY MADE AN
END OF DIVIDING THE COUNTRY.