|Commentary on the Book of Malachi
by Yair Davidiy
[Malachi 1:1] THE BURDEN OF THE WORD OF THE LORD TO ISRAEL BY MALACHI.
[Malachi 1:2] I HAVE LOVED YOU, SAITH THE LORD. YET YE SAY, WHEREIN HAST THOU LOVED US? WAS NOT ESAU JACOB'S BROTHER? SAITH THE LORD: YET I LOVED JACOB,
[Malachi 1:3] AND I HATED ESAU, AND LAID HIS MOUNTAINS AND HIS HERITAGE WASTE FOR THE DRAGONS OF THE WILDERNESS.
[Malachi 1:4] WHEREAS EDOM SAITH, WE ARE IMPOVERISHED, BUT WE WILL RETURN AND BUILD THE DESOLATE PLACES; THUS SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS, THEY SHALL BUILD, BUT I WILL THROW DOWN; AND THEY SHALL CALL THEM, THE BORDER OF WICKEDNESS, AND, THE PEOPLE AGAINST WHOM THE LORD HATH INDIGNATION FOR EVER.
[Malachiachi prophesied around the time of Ezra (500s BCE) after the Jews had returned from Babylon and began to rebuild the Temple. He prophesies in light of and according to what was happening in his own time. Nevertheless, like all other prophesies that were recorded what [Malachiachi says was also a prediction for the future.
Edom is Germany and Roman Europe.
A segment of Edom (the Idumu) was however also present in Japan.
Japanese atrocities and ambitions in the Second World War should not be forgotten.
Today Japan is a major producer and consumer of anti-Semitic literature.
The Japanese and Germans provide economic support and technical assistance for the Palestinians.
The ideology of the Palestinians boils down to a wish to exterminate the Jews because they are Jewish.
[Malachi 1:5] AND YOUR EYES SHALL SEE, AND YE SHALL SAY, THE LORD WILL BE MAGNIFIED FROM THE BORDER OF ISRAEL.
The border will expand. Despite our sins, God has been with us on the whole until now. The Jewish people in Israel does not lack virtues. Perhaps the Almighty will continue to protect us and help us despite ourselves? There were long periods of time during which miracles were happening for us daily.
The Arabs saw this and were afraid since they felt that God was still with us. Perhaps He still is? If I was an Arab I would not be in a hurry to find out.
[Malachi 1:6] A SON HONOURETH HIS FATHER, AND A SERVANT HIS MASTER: IF THEN I BE A FATHER, WHERE IS MINE HONOUR? AND IF I BE A MASTER, WHERE IS MY FEAR? SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS UNTO YOU, O PRIESTS, THAT DESPISE MY NAME. AND YE SAY, WHEREIN HAVE WE DESPISED THY NAME?
[Malachi 1:7] YE OFFER POLLUTED BREAD UPON MINE ALTAR; AND YE SAY, WHEREIN HAVE WE POLLUTED THEE? IN THAT YE SAY, THE TABLE OF THE LORD IS CONTEMPTIBLE.
[Malachi 1:8] AND IF YE OFFER THE BLIND FOR SACRIFICE, IS IT NOT EVIL? AND IF YE OFFER THE LAME AND SICK, IS IT NOT EVIL? OFFER IT NOW UNTO THY GOVERNOR; WILL HE BE PLEASED WITH THEE, OR ACCEPT THY PERSON? SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS.
This can be interpreted in many ways. I would suggest that it is a rebuke against us for not hurrying up to build the Temple. We have instead deluded ourselves that other forms of sacrifice are equally acceptable. This is “polluted bread upon mine altar”.
[Malachi 1:9] AND NOW, I PRAY YOU, BESEECH GOD THAT HE WILL BE GRACIOUS UNTO US: THIS HATH BEEN BY YOUR MEANS: WILL HE REGARD YOUR PERSONS? SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS.
[Malachi 1:10] WHO IS THERE EVEN AMONG YOU THAT WOULD SHUT THE DOORS FOR NOUGHT? NEITHER DO YE KINDLE FIRE ON MINE ALTAR FOR NOUGHT. I HAVE NO PLEASURE IN YOU, SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS, NEITHER WILL I ACCEPT AN OFFERING AT YOUR HAND.
[Malachi 1:11] FOR FROM THE RISING OF THE SUN EVEN UNTO THE GOING DOWN OF THE SAME MY NAME SHALL BE GREAT AMONG THE GENTILES; AND IN EVERY PLACE INCENSE SHALL BE OFFERED UNTO MY NAME, AND A PURE OFFERING: FOR MY NAME SHALL BE GREAT AMONG THE HEATHEN, SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS.
[Malachi 1:12] BUT YE HAVE PROFANED IT, IN THAT YE SAY, THE TABLE OF THE LORD IS POLLUTED; AND THE FRUIT THEREOF, EVEN HIS MEAT, IS CONTEMPTIBLE.
We have not attempted to rebuild the Temple and re-institute the temple service. We have said that there are too many problems associated with purity.
[Malachi 1:13] YE SAID ALSO, BEHOLD, WHAT A WEARINESS IS IT! AND YE HAVE SNUFFED AT IT, SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS; AND YE BROUGHT THAT WHICH WAS TORN, AND THE LAME, AND THE SICK; THUS YE BROUGHT AN OFFERING: SHOULD I ACCEPT THIS OF YOUR HAND? SAITH THE LORD.
[Malachi 1:14] BUT CURSED BE THE DECEIVER, WHICH HATH IN HIS FLOCK A [MalachiE, AND VOWETH, AND SACRIFICETH UNTO THE LORD A CORRUPT THING: FOR I AM A GREAT KING, SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS, AND MY NAME IS DREADFUL AMONG THE HEATHEN.
The Temple will be re-built. You can either help or attempt to interfere.
[MalachiACHI 2;2] AND NOW O YE PRIESTS, THIS COMMANDMENT IS FOR YOU.
[Malachi 2:2] IF YE WILL NOT HEAR, AND IF YE WILL NOT LAY IT TO HEART, TO GIVE GLORY UNTO MY NAME, SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS, I WILL EVEN SEND A CURSE UPON YOU, AND I WILL CURSE YOUR BLESSINGS: YEA, I HAVE CURSED THEM ALREADY, BECAUSE YE DO NOT LAY IT TO HEART.
[Malachi 2:3] BEHOLD, I WILL CORRUPT YOUR SEED, AND SPREAD DUNG UPON YOUR FACES, EVEN THE DUNG OF YOUR SOLEMN FEASTS; AND ONE SHALL TAKE YOU AWAY WITH IT.
[Malachi 2:4] AND YE SHALL KNOW THAT I HAVE SENT THIS COMMANDMENT UNTO YOU, THAT MY COVENANT MIGHT BE WITH LEVI, SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS.
[Malachi 2:5] MY COVENANT WAS WITH HIM OF LIFE AND PEACE; AND I GAVE THEM TO HIM FOR THE FEAR WHEREWITH HE FEARED ME, AND WAS AFRAID BEFORE MY NAME.
[Malachi 2:6] THE LAW OF TRUTH WAS IN HIS MOUTH, AND INIQUITY WAS NOT FOUND IN HIS LIPS: HE WALKED WITH ME IN PEACE AND EQUITY, AND DID TURN MANY AWAY FROM INIQUITY.
[Malachi 2:7] FOR THE PRIEST'S LIPS SHOULD KEEP KNOWLEDGE, AND THEY SHOULD SEEK THE LAW AT HIS MOUTH: FOR HE IS THE MESSENGER OF THE LORD OF HOSTS.
[Malachi 2:8] BUT YE ARE DEPARTED OUT OF THE WAY; YE HAVE CAUSED MANY TO STUMBLE AT THE LAW; YE HAVE CORRUPTED THE COVENANT OF LEVI, SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS.
[Malachi 2:9] THEREFORE HAVE I ALSO MADE YOU CONTEMPTIBLE AND BASE BEFORE ALL THE PEOPLE, ACCORDING AS YE HAVE NOT KEPT MY WAYS, BUT HAVE BEEN PARTIAL IN THE LAW.
[Malachi 2:10] HAVE WE NOT ALL ONE FATHER? HATH NOT ONE GOD CREATED US? WHY DO WE DEAL TREACHEROUSLY EVERY MAN AGAINST HIS BROTHER, BY PROFANING THE COVENANT OF OUR FATHERS?
[Malachi 2:11] JUDAH HATH DEALT TREACHEROUSLY, AND AN ABOMINATION IS COMMITTED IN ISRAEL AND IN JERUSALEM; FOR JUDAH HATH PROFANED THE HOLINESS OF THE LORD WHICH HE LOVED, AND HATH MARRIED THE DAUGHTER OF A STRANGE GOD.
Many Russian immigrants are married to Gentile women. Many are offspring of Gentile women. Many of the Gentile offspring are responsible for crime, drunkeness, prostitution, and anti-semitism. This phenomenon is downplayed by the press for social reasons. One of the motives for bringing in so many non-Jews is to dilute the influence of the religious Jews in Israel and to counter their high birthrate.
[Malachi 2:12] THE LORD WILL CUT OFF THE MAN THAT DOETH THIS, THE MASTER AND THE SCHOLAR, OUT OF THE TABERNACLES OF JACOB, AND HIM THAT OFFERETH AN OFFERING UNTO THE LORD OF HOSTS.
“THE MASTER AND THE SCHOLAR” – the intellectuals are often the worst. It is the intellectuals very often who lead an irrational struggle against the Torah. They are favorable to the Palestinians at the expense of the Jews. Also in the Holocaust intellectuals and criminals were predominant amongst Jews who assisted the Nazis in exterminating their own people.
It should be remembered however that even though there were traitors amongst the Jews, the impression is that any other people in similar circumstances would have reacted (on the whole) worse than the Jews did.
[Malachi 2:13] AND THIS HAVE YE DONE AGAIN, COVERING THE ALTAR OF THE LORD WITH TEARS, WITH WEEPING, AND WITH CRYING OUT, INSOMUCH THAT HE REGARDETH NOT THE OFFERING ANY MORE, OR RECEIVETH IT WITH GOOD WILL AT YOUR HAND.
[Malachi 2:14] YET YE SAY, WHEREFORE? BECAUSE THE LORD HATH BEEN WITNESS BETWEEN THEE AND THE WIFE OF THY YOUTH, AGAINST WHOM THOU HAST DEALT TREACHEROUSLY: YET IS SHE THY COMPANION, AND THE WIFE OF THY COVENANT.
[Malachi 2:15] AND DID NOT HE MAKE ONE? YET HAD HE THE RESIDUE OF THE SPIRIT. AND WHEREFORE ONE? THAT HE MIGHT SEEK A GODLY SEED. THEREFORE TAKE HEED TO YOUR SPIRIT, AND LET NONE DEAL TREACHEROUSLY AGAINST THE WIFE OF HIS YOUTH.
[Malachi 2:16] FOR THE LORD, THE GOD OF ISRAEL, SAITH THAT HE HATETH PUTTING AWAY: FOR ONE COVERETH VIOLENCE WITH HIS GARMENT, SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS: THEREFORE TAKE HEED TO YOUR SPIRIT, THAT YE DEAL NOT TREACHEROUSLY.
[Malachi 2:17] YE HAVE WEARIED THE LORD WITH YOUR WORDS. YET YE SAY, WHEREIN HAVE WE WEARIED HIM? WHEN YE SAY, EVERY ONE THAT DOETH EVIL IS GOOD IN THE SIGHT OF THE LORD, AND HE DELIGHTETH IN THEM; OR, WHERE IS THE GOD OF JUDGMENT?
[Malachi 3:1] BEHOLD, I WILL SEND MY MESSENGER, AND HE SHALL PREPARE THE WAY BEFORE ME: AND THE LORD, WHOM YE SEEK, SHALL SUDDENLY COME TO HIS TEMPLE, EVEN THE MESSENGER OF THE COVENANT, WHOM YE DELIGHT IN: BEHOLD, HE SHALL COME, SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS.
BEHOLD, I WILL SEND MY MESSENGER; Rav Saadia Gaon (b. ce. 890 CE) says We have a tradition from our forefathers that this is the Messiah son of Joseph. He will appear first [before the messiah son of David] in the Land of Israel. He will ingather Israel from all over the world, as it says,
Ezekiel 39;28: “and have left none of them there”.
[The Messiah son of Joseph according to the [Malachibim and others will be the future head of the Lost Ten Tribes when they return to re-unite with Judah.]
[Malachi 3:2] BUT WHO MAY ABIDE THE DAY OF HIS COMING? AND WHO SHALL STAND WHEN HE APPEARETH? FOR HE IS LIKE A REFINER'S FIRE, AND LIKE FULLERS' SOAP:
[Malachi 3:3] AND HE SHALL SIT AS A REFINER AND PURIFIER OF SILVER: AND HE SHALL PURIFY THE SONS OF LEVI, AND PURGE THEM AS GOLD AND SILVER, THAT THEY MAY OFFER UNTO THE LORD AN OFFERING IN RIGHTEOUSNESS.
<<Said Rabbi Hama Bar Hanina: When God decides to let it be known who belongs to which Tribe, he clarifies firstly who belongs to the Tribe of Levi, as it says, “And he shall sit as a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify the sons of Levi...” ([Malachia 3;3); [Talmud, Kiddushin 70;a].>>
<<In the days of the Messianic King: When his kingdom shall be settled and all of Israel gather unto him, he shall then give the Tribal-genealogy of each one. He shall do this through Divine inspiration. As it says, HE SHALL SIT AS A REFINER AND PURIFIER ([Malachi 3:3). He will purify the Tribe of Levi first….as it says, ‘…till there be stood up a priest with Urim and with Thumim’ (Ezra 2;63)…He gives the genealogy of Israel only concerning which tribe each one belongs to..” [Maimonides, Mishneh Torah, The Laws of Kings, ch. 12, no.3].
[Malachi 3:4] THEN SHALL THE OFFERING OF JUDAH AND JERUSALEM BE PLEASANT UNTO THE LORD, AS IN THE DAYS OF OLD, AND AS IN FORMER YEARS.
[Malachi 3:5] AND I WILL COME NEAR TO YOU TO JUDGMENT; AND I WILL BE A SWIFT WITNESS AGAINST THE SORCERERS, AND AGAINST THE ADULTERERS, AND AGAINST FALSE SWEARERS, AND AGAINST THOSE THAT OPPRESS THE HIRELING IN HIS WAGES, THE WIDOW, AND THE FATHERLESS, AND THAT TURN ASIDE THE STRANGER FROM HIS RIGHT, AND FEAR NOT ME, SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS.
[Malachi 3:6] FOR I AM THE LORD, I CHANGE NOT; THEREFORE YE SONS OF JACOB ARE NOT CONSUMED.
[Malachi 3:7] EVEN FROM THE DAYS OF YOUR FATHERS YE ARE GONE AWAY FROM MINE ORDINANCES, AND HAVE NOT KEPT THEM. RETURN UNTO ME, AND I WILL RETURN UNTO YOU, SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS. BUT YE SAID, WHEREIN SHALL WE RETURN?
[Malachi 3:8] WILL A MAN ROB GOD? YET YE HAVE ROBBED ME. BUT YE SAY, WHEREIN HAVE WE ROBBED THEE? IN TITHES AND OFFERINGS.
[Malachi 3:9] YE ARE CURSED WITH A CURSE: FOR YE HAVE ROBBED ME, EVEN THIS WHOLE NATION.
[Malachi 3:10] BRING YE ALL THE TITHES INTO THE STOREHOUSE, THAT THERE MAY BE MEAT IN MINE HOUSE, AND PROVE ME NOW HEREWITH, SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS, IF I WILL NOT OPEN YOU THE WINDOWS OF HEAVEN, AND POUR YOU OUT A BLESSING, THAT THERE SHALL NOT BE ROOM ENOUGH TO RECEIVE IT.
One should give tithes. Through tithing it is promised a blessing will be given.
[Malachi 3:11] AND I WILL REBUKE THE DEVOURER FOR YOUR SAKES, AND HE SHALL NOT DESTROY THE FRUITS OF YOUR GROUND; NEITHER SHALL YOUR VINE CAST HER FRUIT BEFORE THE TIME IN THE FIELD, SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS.
[Malachi 3:12] AND ALL NATIONS SHALL CALL YOU BLESSED: FOR YE SHALL BE A DELIGHTSOME LAND, SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS.
[Malachi 3:13] YOUR WORDS HAVE BEEN STOUT AGAINST ME, SAITH THE LORD. YET YE SAY, WHAT HAVE WE SPOKEN SO MUCH AGAINST THEE?
[Malachi 3:14] YE HAVE SAID, IT IS VAIN TO SERVE GOD: AND WHAT PROFIT IS IT THAT WE HAVE KEPT HIS ORDINANCE, AND THAT WE HAVE WALKED MOURNFULLY BEFORE THE LORD OF HOSTS?
[Malachi 3:15] AND NOW WE CALL THE PROUD HAPPY; YEA, THEY THAT WORK WICKEDNESS ARE SET UP; YEA, THEY THAT TEMPT GOD ARE EVEN DELIVERED.
[Malachi 3:16] THEN THEY THAT FEARED THE LORD SPAKE OFTEN ONE TO ANOTHER: AND THE LORD HEARKENED, AND HEARD IT, AND A BOOK OF REMEMBRANCE WAS WRITTEN BEFORE HIM FOR THEM THAT FEARED THE LORD, AND THAT THOUGHT UPON HIS NAME.
[Malachi 3:17] AND THEY SHALL BE MINE, SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS, IN THAT DAY WHEN I MAKE UP MY JEWELS; AND I WILL SPARE THEM, AS A MAN SPARETH HIS OWN SON THAT SERVETH HIM.
[Malachi 3:18] THEN SHALL YE RETURN, AND DISCERN BETWEEN THE RIGHTEOUS AND THE WICKED, BETWEEN HIM THAT SERVETH GOD AND HIM THAT SERVETH HIM NOT.
[Malachi 4:1] FOR, BEHOLD, THE DAY COMETH, THAT SHALL BURN AS AN OVEN; AND ALL THE PROUD, YEA, AND ALL THAT DO WICKEDLY, SHALL BE STUBBLE: AND THE DAY THAT COMETH SHALL BURN THEM UP, SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS, THAT IT SHALL LEAVE THEM NEITHER ROOT NOR BRANCH.
[Malachi 4:2] BUT UNTO YOU THAT FEAR MY NAME SHALL THE SUN OF RIGHTEOUSNESS ARISE WITH HEALING IN HIS WINGS; AND YE SHALL GO FORTH, AND GROW UP AS CALVES OF THE STALL.
“HEALING IN HIS WINGS” : a doctor once suggested to me that this is a hint at the healing influence of ultra-red rays.
[Malachi 4:3] AND YE SHALL TREAD DOWN THE WICKED; FOR THEY SHALL BE ASHES UNDER THE SOLES OF YOUR FEET IN THE DAY THAT I SHALL DO THIS, SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS.
[Malachi 4:4] REMEMBER YE THE LAW OF MOSES MY SERVANT, WHICH I COMMANDED UNTO HIM IN HOREB FOR ALL ISRAEL, WITH THE STATUTES AND JUDGMENTS.
The Lost Ten Tribes will have to return and accept anew the Law of Moses and Israel. This is also mentioned in Jerusalem Talmud and Zohar.
[Malachi 4:5] BEHOLD, I WILL SEND YOU ELIJAH THE PROPHET BEFORE THE COMING OF THE GREAT AND DREADFUL DAY OF THE LORD:
[Malachi 4:6] AND HE SHALL TURN THE HEART OF THE FATHERS TO THE CHILDREN, AND THE HEART OF THE CHILDREN TO THEIR FATHERS, LEST I COME AND SMITE THE EARTH WITH A CURSE.
Darrel Conder (of Commonwealth Publishing) once suggested that this refers to the Lost Ten Tribes returning and identifying their fathers from the Tribes of Israel.
“In the days of the Messianic King: When his kingdom shall be settled and all of Israel gather unto him, he shall then give the Tribal-genealogy of each one. He shall do this through Divine inspiration. As it says, HE SHALL SIT AS A REFINER AND PURIFIER ([Malachi 3:3). He will purify the Tribe of Levi first….as it says, ‘…till there be stood up a priest with Urim and with Thumim’ (Ezra 2;63)…He gives the genealogy of Israel only concerning which tribe each one belongs to..” (Maimonides, Mishneh Torah, The Laws of Kings, ch. 12, no.3).
The Lost Ten Tribes will return. They will accept anew the Torah of Moses.
(3:1) BEHOLD, I WILL SEND MY MESSENGER; Rav Saadia Gaon (b. ce. 890 CE) says We have a tradition from our forefathers that this is the Messiah son of Joseph. He will appear first [before the messiah son of David] in the Land of Israel. He will ingather Israel from all over the world, as it says,
Ezekiel 39;28: “and have left none of them there”.
Also the Even Ezra says that the “MESSENGER” is the Messiah son of Joseph.
(3:3) Levi: Tribes
(4:6) Heart of Fathers: Tribal Association?