"Brit-Am Now"-51

Date: 07/03/2002 2:24:33 AM Central Daylight Time

Most of the present letter is thanks to the input of our correspondents and
efforts made on our behalf.

1. America and the Holy Land by Moshe Davis
2. James = Jacob the most most popular name in the USA!
3. Most popular US female names
4. Swedish Names
5. 50 Most Common American Surnames
6. 50 commonest and rarest British Surnames
7. Genetic Studies Confusing
8. Sinclair?
9. Brit-Am Meeting in Jerusalem

America and the Holy Land
by Moshe Davis
Vol. 4 of With Eyes toward Zion. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 1995. 193 pp. $55

Middle East Quarterly
June 1995

Americans have for two centuries had a special tie to the Holy Land, and
Davis , professor emeritus of American Jewish History and Institutions at
the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, has devoted much of his career to
illuminating this connection.

The somewhat casually written volume under review includes such interesting
facts as: In 1788, during the Constitutional Convention, the Hartford
Courant published a letter from a reader who argued that the president of
the United States should not also be commander-in-chief, on the grounds
that "should he hereafter be a Jew, our dear posterity may be ordered to
rebuild Jerusalem." In contrast, the first Zionist declaration by an
American politician came in 1819, when John Adams wrote, "I really wish the
Jews again in Judea an independent nation." Emma Lazarus, author of the
inscription on the Statue of Liberty and of the lines about "Give me your
tired, your poor," also believed that Jews would find their haven in Eretz
Yisra'el. Mark Twain wrote of American pilgrims to the Holy Land that "they
could no more write dispassionately and impartially about it than they
could about their own wives and children." Nearly four hundred villages,
towns, and cities in the United States have names from the Jewish Bible,
ranging from the twenty-seven incidences of Salem to the whole
pseudo-biblical geography around Salt Lake City.

Davis argues that these many signs point to an attitude of considerable
political importance: "helping the Jews in Eretz Israel not only conformed
to the spirit of America but enhanced it."

2. James = Jacob the most most popular name in the USA!
In Chapter Six of Joseph we spoke about the significance of the name Jacob
and its derivatives in the USA.
The section is repeated below.
One of the points we mentioned was that the name "James" is a form of Jacob.
Another fact of interest in this connection that we have just become aware
of  is that the name "James" is the most popular male personal name in the USA.
The most popular male personal names in their order of preference are:

1. James    11. Christopher    21. Ronald
2. John    12. Daniel    22. Anthony
3. Robert    13. Paul    23. Kevin
4. Michael    14. Mark    24. Jason
5.William    15. Donald    25. Jeff
6. David    16. George
7. Richard    17. Kenneth
8. Charles    18. Steven
9. Joseph    19. Edward
10. Thomas    20. Brian

Maybe someone can find a Brit-Am connection (if there is one) to the other
We are also interested in lists of the most frequent names from Australia,
New Zealand, and most European nations.
source: http://www.lifesmith.com/comnames.html
Extract from "Joseph" chapter six:
Jacob and Yankee
Jacob was the original name of the forefather of Israel. The name means
“heel” in Hebrew but can also connote “overtake”, “trickery”, and “humility”.
Isaiah 49:6 referring to the Lost Ten Tribes: "You should be my servant to
raise up the tribes of Jacob and to restore the preserved of Israel; I will
give you as a light to the nations, that my salvation may reach to the end
of the earth”.
  The term “Union Jack” is applied to the flag of Britain. The expression
is understandable as meaning “Covenant of Jacob”. The origin of the
expression is due to James-I who united the thrones of England and Scotland
that had previously been divided and separate nations. Tim Phillips pointed
out that: James Stewart I/VI of England and Scotland is called "Iacobus"
(i.e. Jacob) on the coins minted featuring his likeness of the time. One,
at least, features the four-letters representing the Hebrew name of God
(Tetragramatton) and the words "You alone I fear" in Latin. The name James
comes from Jacob. “James” evolved from a Latin “Jacomus” which is an
altered form of Jacobus or Jacob. The British flag is called the “Union
Jack” meaning the confederation or covenant of Jacob.
    <In A.D. 1194, Richard I of England introduced the Cross of St. George as
the standard of England, and this remained the national flag until the
union with Scotland. In 1603, King James VI of Scotland became James I of
England, as a result of which the first Union Jack was formed in 1606 by
the addition of the Cross of St. Andrew which formed the background of the
new flag. The name “Union Jack” came from King James, whose name is
“Jacobus” in Latin, and “Jacob” in Hebrew. Then in 1801 there was formed
the more familiar Union Jack by the addition of the Cross of St. Patrick,
sandwiched in between the flags of Scotland and England. Thus the formation
of the Union Jack as the result of the progressive merging of the
inhabitants of the British Isles under one throne, the throne of David. The
completed Union Jack thus symbolizes the RE-UNION OF JACOB. >
Brit-Am supporter, Dempsey Bruton reported:
English/Latin/Hebrew names are equivalent.
“Webster’s” says:
James…Jacomus, later form of Jacobus See JACOB.
Jacob…lit., seizing by the heel of (cf. Gen. 25:26) ]] 1 a masculine name:
dim. Jake, Jack; var.James; equiv. Fr. Jacques, It. Giacomo 2 Bible: a son
of Isaac, twin brother of Esau, and the father of the founders of the
twelve tribes of Israel: also called Israel: Gen. 25:24-34
Jaco-beian…Jacobus. L form of the name of James I (see JACK)
Dempsey Bruton continues: <The Dictionary confirms that the names James,
Jacobus, Jacob, and Jack, are all equivalents. All this leads to some very
interesting conclusions:
<The first British king to unite England and Scotland (both are Israelite
peoples of Jacob) into one kingdom was King James (King Jacob). His very
name means Jacob and he unified the people of Jacob in the British Isles.
Is this mere coincidence?
<Also King James authorized the translation of the Bible into English and

it is called the King James (Jacob) Version. This version of the Bible has
been used for centuries as the main Bible version of the English-speaking
people. Remember also that Jacob is another name for the patriarch Israel.
Thus the King James Bible could also rightly be called the King Jacob or
King Israel Bible. The main point here is that the K.J.V. of the Bible of
the English-speaking people bears the very name Jacob (Israel) through its
English equivalent name “James”. Is this also a mere coincidence?
Dempsey goes on: <Another startling fact is that the first permanent
English settlement in America was Jamestown, Virginia, named after King
James. This could rightly be called Jacobtown, Virginia, since James equals
Jacob. It could rightly also be called Israeltown, Virginia, since both
Jacob and Israel are two names for the same man. Thus the name Jacob,
Israel, James is branded on America from its very first settlement.
<Another interesting point that I have heard before and will mention here
is this: During the American Civil War (1861-1865) Menasseh was divided
into Menasseh of the Northern States and Menasseh of the southern
states at war with each other. The first battle between these two halves
of Menasseh was fought at a place called Manasses, Virginia. Could this
also be another coincidence?
<In Summary, the first king to unify the people of Jacob in the British
Isles had a name that meant Jacob. He authorized the KJ Bible which has
been the mainstay of the English speaking people of Jacob for centuries and
whose name King James Bible means King Jacob Bible. Thus, through the king
and the Bible, the name Jacob (Israel) is branded on our people. America’s
first permanent English town has the name Jacob (/Israel) branded on it via
the name James. >
Another point is concerned with the nickname “Yank” meaning American. This
nickname is of uncertain origin. Some say it derives from the name of a Red
Indian tribe, others say it was an Amerindian way of pronouncing, “Angle”
or “English”. Whatever the origins of the name the fact remains that in the
Hebrew that was used by most of the Jews in Europe “Yank” was a shortened
form of the name Jacob. A famous Hebrew book is known as “Ayin Yaacov” or
“Spring of Jacob.” It consists of a collection of legendary sources in the
Talmud. Amongst Jews of European origin “Ayin Yaacov” is frequently
pronounced as “Ayin Yancov.” The East European and Yiddish pronounciation
of Jacob was “Yancov”. “Yank” is short for “Yancov” or “Jacob”.

3. Most popular US female names

1. Mary11. Lisa21. Michelle
2. Patricia12. Nancy22. Laura
3. Linda13. Karen23. Sarah
4. Barbara14. Betty24. Kimberly
5. Elizabeth15. Helen25. Deborah
6. Jennifer16. Sandra
7. Maria17. Donna
8. Susan18. Carol
9. Margaret19. Ruth
10. Dorothy20. Sharon

4. Swedish Names
From: Orjan Svensson
Subject: Re: "Brit-Am Now"-48

Yair Davidiy:
> 3. Research Requests:
> 1. I am seeking (preferably on the web) lists of the most frequent surnames
> in Britain, the USA, Australia, NZ, etc and also in European countries.
The most frequent surname in Sweden is Johansson, meaning Johan's son.
The ultimate origin of the name Johan should be Hebrew, since it is related
to Johannes etc. More obviously related to Hebrew are the names
Israelsson, Abrahamsson, Abramsson, Jakobsson and Isaksson.
In the national Swedish phone book (from the year 1999 which I have access
to electronically) are listed 1790 persons with surname
Israelsson, 5626 Abrahamsson, 378 Abramsson, 17401 Jakobsson and 8718 persons
with surname Isaksson. Some are listed together with spouses, so the
real numbers of persons with those names in Sweden, counting children
etc also are significantly higher.
Danielsson, Josefsson, Davidsson and Salomonsson are also quite frequent in
(my computer program or CD-rom drive crashed when I tried to investigate
Swedish names ending with "-son" are originally "farmer's names".
A Swedish surname which may sound somewhat "Jewish" is Levin.
In Sweden the surname Levin occurs mostly amongst non-Jewish people.
About 2400 persons with surname Levin are listed in the Swedish phone book.
Lewen is also a Swedish surname.

5. 50 Most Common American Surnames
50 Most Common American Surnames (US Census 1990)
1. Smith11. Anderson21. Clark31. Wright41. Mitchell
2. Johnson12. Thomas22. Rodriguez32. Lopez42. Perez
3. Williams13. Jackson23. Lewis33. Hill43. Roberts
4. Jones14. White24. Lee34. Scott44. Turner
5. Brown15. Harris25. Walker35. Green45. Phillips
6. Davis16. Martin26. Hall36. Adams46. Campbell
7. Miller17. Thompson27. Allen37. Baker47. Parker
8. Wilson18. Garcia28. Young38. Gonzalez48. Evans
9. Moore19. Martinez29. Hernandez39. Nelson49. Edwards
10. Taylor20. Robinson30. King40. Carter50. Collins
source: http://www.lifesmith.com/comnames.html

6. 50 commonest and rarest British Surnames
Here is a list of the 50 commonest and rarest British Surnames. This list
was compiled from an analysis of the Electoral Rolls. The Associated Town
column shows the most popular location for particular common name.
50 Commonest Names Numbers in Thousands Associated Town A-Z Rarest Names
·  Smith 515 Lerwick Angelo
·  Jones 392 Llandudno Boulstridge
·  Williams 267 Llandudno Bungard
·  Brown 243 Galashiels Bursnell
·  Taylor 236 Oldham Cabrera
·  Davies 203 Swansea Chaisty
·  Wilson 174 Kilmarnok Clayworth
·  Evans 162 Swansea Denial
·  Thomas 145 Swansea Dissanayake
·  Johnson 139 Lerwick Domville
·  Roberts 135 Llandudno Dua
·  Walker 125 Wakefield Edeson
·  Wright 124 Norwich Garrott
·  Robinson 120 Darlington Gaspar
·  Thompson 119 Newcastle Gauge
·  White 117 Dorchester Gelson
·  Hughes 113 Llandudno Happer
·  Edwards 111 Llandudno Hawa
·  Green 110 Wigan Helling
·  Hall 109 Durham Hollingberry
·  Wood 106 Huddersfield Howsham
·  Harris 104 Newport Husher
·  Lewis 103 Llandrindod W. Huth
·  Martin 102 Harris Khambaita
·  Jackson 102 Carlisle Kinlan
·  Clarke 101 Ipswich Le Feuvre
·  Clark 101 Dundee Leatherby
·  Turner 100 Wolverhampton Lowsley
·  Hill 95 Dudley Mardling
·  Scott 94 Galashiels Mc Cart
·  Cooper 94 Walsall McCalman
·  Morris 90 Shrewsbury McKiddie
·  Ward 89 Lincoln McQuillen
·  Moore 88 Norwich Meath
·  King 86 Colchester Mustow
·  Watson 85 Sunderland Nana
·  Baker 83 Taunton Pepall
·  Harrison 83 York Perdue
·  Morgan 81 Llandrindod W. Ravensdale
·  Patel 81 Harrow Rukin
·  Young 80 Galashiels Selvaratnam
·  Allen 78 Leicester Shelsher
·  Mitchell 77 Dundee Silsbury
·  James 76 Swansea Southway
·  Anderson 76 Lerwick Upadhyad
·  Phillips 76 Swansea Valji
·  Lee 74 London (West) Virji
·  Bell 72 Carlisle Wadd
·  Parker 71 Derby Weild
·  Davis 70 Gloucester Witte
Total 6.25 Million

Home Page U. Kingdom Surnames

7. Genetic Studies Confusing

From Abstract:
Molecular Biology and Evolution 19:1008-1021 (2002)
© 2002 Society for Molecular Biology and Evolution
Y Chromosome Evidence for Anglo-Saxon Mass Migration

British history contains several periods of major cultural change. It
remains controversial as to how much these periods coincided with
substantial immigration from continental Europe, even for those that
occurred most recently. In this study, we examine genetic data for evidence
of male immigration at particular times into Central England and North
Wales. To do this, we used 12 biallelic polymorphisms and six
microsatellite markers to define high-resolution Y chromosome haplotypes in
a sample of 313 males from seven towns located along an east-west transect
from East Anglia to North Wales. The Central English towns were genetically
very similar, whereas the two North Welsh towns differed significantly both
from each other and from the Central English towns. When we compared our
data with an additional 177 samples collected in Friesland and Norway, we
found that the Central English and Frisian samples were statistically
indistinguishable. Using novel population genetic models that incorporate
both mass migration and continuous gene flow, we conclude that these
striking patterns are best explained by a substantial migration of
Anglo-Saxon Y chromosomes into Central England (contributing 50%100% to the
gene pool at that time) but not into North Wales.

a. The towns covered in the sample are North Walsham, Fakenham, Bourne,
Southwell, Ashbourne, Abergele, and Llangefni (on Anglesey). Buccal swabs
for DNA testing were taken from 313 males in these towns.

b. DNA samples were also taken from 94 males in Friesland (northern
Netherlands) and 83 males in Norway.

c. "The Central English towns were genetically very similar, whereas the two
North Welsh towns differed significantly both from each other and from the
Central English towns. When we compared our data with an additional 177
samples collected in Friesland and Norway, we found that the Central English
and Frisian samples were statistically indistinguishable."

d. "The best explanation for our findings is that the Anglo-Saxon cultural
transition in Central England coincided with a mass immigration from the
continent. Such an event would simultaneously explain both the high Central
English-Frisian affinity and the low Central English-North Welsh affinity."

Says the BBC web site: The genetics study :
"supports the idea that Celtic Britain underwent a form of ethnic
cleansing by Anglo-Saxons invaders following the Roman withdrawal in the
fifth century." The report goes on to say that the study suggests "that
between 50% and 100% of the indigenous population of what was to become
England was wiped out, with Offa's Dyke acting as a 'genetic barrier'
protecting those on the Welsh side."

It was pointed out (on another forum) that the above study contradicts
OTHER recent studies that claimed
"the genetic polls were irretrievably mixed and that 'celtic' genes were
actually the preponderance of all British people."
see for instance reports associated with Sykes.

The latest report (along with others) suggests that most of the English
descend from the Anglo-Saxons.
Some previous recent reports that received high publicity claimed that most
of the English descend from "Celtic" people who were in Britain prior to
the Anglo-Saxon invasions.
The two claims contradict each other diametrically and both claim the
latest scientific DNA evidence as their justification.

These studies can be useful but they are also confusing and need to be
confirmed by additional evidence.

8. Sinclair?
A friend of mine in Jerusalem found a genealogical family tree in some old
furniture. She cannot tract the original owners.
The family tree appears to be have been drawn up by a professional and was
probably expensive.
It shows the ancestry of the British family of St. Claire or Sinclair.
It may well have belonged to a tourist from Britain or the USA.
If the original owner(s) can be traced we will send them the document.

9. Brit-Am Meeting in Jerusalem
2  Short Lectures by the Heads of Brit-Am in Israel
"Shalshelet" in the Bomb Shelter (Miklat)
in the Car Park of
7 Shmuel HaNagid
at 1700