We are told above that "In all this Job did not sin with his lips".
In his mind he may have done so. There is a principle that God does not
treat man unfairly. He Knows what we think but our actions are what
So too we are warned to treat others with the same consideration.
Another lesson we may learn from the incident with the wife of Job is
that we should not let others make moral judgments for us.
For example, supposing someone says something to you that had borderline
We may not have felt insulted but someone else gets upset on our behalf.
This is a trap we should avoid or at least learn how to deal with
without involving ourselves in matters we do not need to get involved
We need to look after ourselves from ourselves and from others.
The Three Friends of Job.
[Job 2:11] Now when Job's three friends
heard of all this adversity that had come upon him, each one came from his own
place: Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite. For
they had made an appointment together to come and mourn with him, and to comfort
Eliphaz the Temanite: Teman is from Edom. Edom is another name for Esau. We
have already suggested that Job himself was from Edom. At the least the Land of
Uz were Job dwelt was associated with Edom as we noticed.
Where was Uz?
Who was Job?
The name Eliphaz could means "My God is like gold" since "El" connotes
deity and paz (or "phaz") was a kind of fine gold.
The first-born son of Esau was also named Eliphaz (1 Chronicles 1:35). The
mother of Elphaz was Adah (Genesis 36:4).
Eliphaz had six sons one of whom was Amalek. The mother of Amalek was Timna the
11 And the sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz.
12 Now Timna was the concubine of Eliphaz, Esau?s son, and she bore Amalek to
Eliphaz. These were the sons of Adah, Esau's wife.
Amalek is the arch-enemy of Israel (Exodus 17:16; Deuteronomy 25:19).
Even so, Midrashic Literature paints a more positive picture of Eliphaz. It says
that Jacob helped raise him and that Eliphaz spared the life of Jacob even
though his father, Esau, had commanded that Jacob should be killed (Rashi to
At all events Eliphaz the friend of Job was called the Temanite. This suggests
that he descended from Teman the son of Eliphaz and half-brother of Amalek.
The inhabitants of Teman seem to have been famous for their wisdom:
7. Against Edom.
Thus says the LORD of hosts: 'Is wisdom no more in Teman? Has counsel perished
from the prudent? Has their wisdom vanished? '
8 Will I not in that day, says the LORD, Even destroy the wise men from Edom,
And understanding from the mountains of Esau?
9 Then your mighty men, O Teman, shall be dismayed, To the end that everyone
from the mountains of Esau May be cut off by slaughter.
"Teman" is sometimes used as a synonym for Edom itself (Amos 1:12; Obadiah 1:9;
Jeremiah 49:20, 22; Habakuk 3:3).
In Hebrew Temen can by synonymous with Yamin and mean "right-hand" or "southern
Assyrian inscriptions mention Temanaye, Temana, Temeni, Tamnuna, Taiman.
This was a province in the far north of Syria. It was the name of a people of
that area in the 1000s BCE but who later (in ca. 800 BCE) were also found in the
region of Assyria between Nineveh and Calah.
This suggests a possible conflation between the Assyrians and Edom.
The Prophet Amos (chapter 1) links Edom with the exile of the Ten Tribes by the
The Aramaeans : their ancient history,
By Edward Lipiski, 2000, Netherlands, p.166
Esau was described as an Edomoni (Genesis 25:25) the same as King David
This is usually understood to mean ruddy and red-haired.
Esau is a major adversary of Israel.
The final showdown of the Israelite Nation or at least one of them will be
against Edom (see the Book of Obadiah).
Edom was linked with Babylon (Psalm 137) and inscriptions mentioned a people
known as the Temennu as an important element in Babylonian affairs.
Esau was blessed that he should father warrior race and live in a fertile land
enjoying material abundance.
39 Then Isaac his father answered and said to him: Behold, your dwelling shall
be of the fatness of the earth, And of the dew of heaven from above.
40 By your sword you shall live, And you shall serve your brother; And it shall
come to pass, when you become restless, That you shall break his yoke from your
Bildad the Shuhite
A descendant of Shuah, son of Abraham and Keturah (Genesis 25:2). This people
later intermixed to some degree at least, with the Ishmaelites and became
associated with the Arab races.
The Shuahite dwelt to the northeast of what later vbecame the Land of Israel, in
the region of Bashan, or eastern Syria on the desert edge which at that time may
have been more of a savannah type environment.
Josephus (Antiquities, 1.4.1-3) refers to Shuah as Sous.
The name "Shuah" in Hebrew could mean "rich man".
Zophar the Naamathite. "Zophar" (Tsophar) means "chirp" like a bird or sound a
warning. He was from somewhere called Naamah or a descendant of one with that
Naamah connotes pleasantness.
[Job 2:12] And when they raised their
eyes from afar, and did not recognize him, they lifted their voices and wept;
and each one tore his robe and sprinkled dust on his head toward heaven.
[Job 2:13] So they sat down with him on the ground seven days and seven nights,
and no one spoke a word to him, for they saw that his grief was very great.
This is quite dramatic.
These were apparently very important men in their own right. We shall see that
they were profound thinkers.
They came, they saw, and they sat down in commiseration for a week, day and
night, with break.
To Be CONTINUED!
To Make an Offering to Brit-Am