[Ezekiel 48:1] NOW THESE ARE THE NAMES OF THE TRIBES.
FROM THE NORTH END TO THE COAST O THE WAY OF HETHLON, AS ONE GOETH
TO HAMATH, HAZARENAN, THE BORDER OF DAMASCUS NORTHWARD, TO THE COAST OF HAMATH;
FOR THESE ARE HIS SIDES EAST AND WEST; A PORTION FOR DAN.
This is the final chapter of Ezekiel. It concentrates on the division of
the western section of the Land amongst the Tribes. [We understood that the
western section is divided equally and in square shaped areas but other
opinions say it is not divided equally only that it is divided
(Moshkovitch, Daat Mikra. At all events the eastern section apparently will
be divided according to other criteria]. Ezekiel began with describing the
departure of the Divine Presence from Jerusalem and he ends in the final
verse by saying that this will return and all will know of the Return. The
Return is connected with the Return and re-location of the Tribes. This is
very important. Tribal identification and the return of the Tribes is
important before the Almighty. It should be important to all of us. A first
prerequisite is acknowledgment of Israelite heritage, of Israelite
ancestry. Probably only in the Messianic era will most of us know, or be
sure of what we know, concerning which specific Tribe we belong to. I,
myself, believe my family is descended from Judah but here and there
certain incidents in my life indicated Levi and other tribes are also
possible. We can through family histories, names, family social history,
characteristics, etc often arrive at reasonable approximations concerning
In the book, The Tribes, I used historical names, symbols, Biblical and
Rabbinical sources, anything that seemed pertinent, etc, to arrive at
Tribal approximations primarily at the national level. I did all this after
an extended period of significant effort on several levels. And on the
whole it worked. Since the publication of The Tribesmore evidence has come
to light, groups of people from the countries in question have met up with
me, scholars have corresponded, etc. The identifications hold.
We can refine and strengthen these national findings. We can also, in all
kinds of ways, to a degree further refine our identities within the areas
Within the USA go to:
This will tell you where in the USA your family name is the most
concentrated. This is a beginning. It may well be that to the degree that
different Israelite Tribes are in the USA and their distribution changes
from State to State and your family name is inherited then you belong to
the group represented by where your name is concentrated. And it may not be
so. So we try something else and attempt to confirm whatever we find in
other ways. Or we leave it for the Messianic era. Nevertheless awareness
of Israelite Identity in general is something we must achieve. This must be
internalized. This to my mind borders on a religious obligation. This is
part of your individual destiny and it is the particular goal of this
generation of Israelites from the Ten Tribes.
A Midrashic source (Sifrei) indicates that the division amongst the Tribes
in Ezekiel refers to that of the Land of Israel but that each tribe will
inherit from one end of the world to the other. What they inherit however
in the rest of the world will somehow be connected to what they inherit in
the Land of Israel. It is as if a line goes out from their inheritance in
the Land of Israel to wherever else they may be.
[Ezekiel 48:2] AND BY THE BORDER OF DAN, FROM THE EAST SIDE UNTO THE WEST SIDE, A PORTION FOR ASHER.
The Divisions given in Ezekiel reflect those in the Wilderness
with significant differences here and there. Ezekiel places Dan at the far
north and historically (as shown in Lost Israelite Identity) a portion of
Dan did break away and seize territory of its own in Eastern Turkey to the
North of Syria. They also seized the Island of Cyprus which was called Ydnna(Isle
of Dan) by the Assyrians.
[Ezekiel 48:3] AND BY THE BORDER OF ASHER, FROM THE EAST SIDE EVEN UNTO THE WEST SIDE, A PORTION FOR NAPHTALI.
In the north: Dan, Asher, Naphtali, Manasseh, Ephraim, Reuben, Judah,
THE CITY AREA: Levi, The Messianic Prince, chosen Israelites from all the
In the south:
Benjamin, Simeon, Issachar, Zebulon, Gad,
[Ezekiel 48:4] AND BY THE BORDER OF NAPHTALI, FROM THE EAST SIDE UNTO THE WEST SIDE, A PORTION FOR MANASSEH.
[Ezekiel 48:5] AND BY THE BORDER OF MANASSEH, FROM THE EAST SIDE UNTO THE WEST SIDE, A PORTION FOR EPHRAIM.
[Ezekiel 48:6] AND BY THE BORDER OF EPHRAIM, FROM THE EAST SIDE EVEN UNTO THE WEST SIDE, A PORTION FOR REUBEN.
[Ezekiel 48:7] AND BY THE BORDER OF REUBEN, FROM THE EAST SIDE UNTO THE WEST SIDE, A PORTION FOR JUDAH.
[Ezekiel 48:8] AND BY THE BORDER OF JUDAH, FROM THE
EAST SIDE UNTO THE WEST SIDE, SHALL BE THE OFFERING WHICH YE SHALL OFFER
OF FIVE AND TWENTY THOUSAND REEDS IN BREADTH, AND IN LENGTH AS ONE OF THE
OTHER PARTS, FROM THE EAST SIDE UNTO THE WEST SIDE: AND THE SANCTUARY SHALL
BE IN THE MIDST OF IT.
[Ezekiel 48:9] THE OBLATION THAT YE SHALL OFFER UNTO THE LORD
SHALL BE OF FIVE AND TWENTY THOUSAND IN LENGTH, AND OF TEN THOUSAND
<<OBLATION>>: Hebrew, trumah= offering
[Ezekiel 48:10] AND FOR THEM, EVEN FOR
THE PRIESTS, SHALL BE THIS HOLY OBLATION; TOWARD THE NORTH FIVE AND TWENTY
THOUSAND IN LENGTH, AND TOWARD THE WEST TEN THOUSAND IN BREADTH, AND
TOWARD THE EAST TEN THOUSAND IN BREADTH, AND TOWARD THE SOUTH FIVE AND TWENTY
THOUSAND IN LENGTH: AND THE SANCTUARY OF THE LORD SHALL BE IN
THE MIDST THEREOF.
[Ezekiel 48:11] IT SHALL BE FOR THE PRIESTS THAT ARE SANCTIFIED OF
THE SONS OF ZADOK; WHICH HAVE KEPT MY CHARGE, WHICH WENT NOT ASTRAY WHEN
THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL WENT ASTRAY, AS THE LEVITES WENT ASTRAY.
[Ezekiel 48:12] AND THIS OBLATION OF THE LAND THAT IS OFFERED SHALL BE UNTO THEM A THING MOST HOLY BY THE BORDER OF THE LEVITES.
[Ezekiel 48:13] AND OVER AGAINST THE BORDER OF THE PRIESTS THE LEVITES
SHALL HAVE FIVE AND TWENTY THOUSAND IN LENGTH, AND TEN THOUSAND IN BREADTH:
ALL THE LENGTH SHALL BE FIVE AND TWENTY THOUSAND, AND THE BREADTH TEN THOUSAND.
[Ezekiel 48:14] AND THEY SHALL NOT SELL OF IT, NEITHER EXCHANGE, NOR
ALIENATE THE FIRSTFRUITS OF THE LAND: FOR IT IS HOLY UNTO THE LORD.
[Ezekiel 48:15] AND THE FIVE THOUSAND, THAT ARE LEFT IN THE BREADTH OVER
AGAINST THE FIVE AND TWENTY THOUSAND, SHALL BE A PROFANE PLACE FOR THE CITY,
FOR DWELLING, AND FOR SUBURBS: AND THE CITY SHALL BE IN THE MIDST THEREOF.
[Ezekiel 48:16] AND THESE SHALL BE THE MEASURES THEREOF; THE NORTH
SIDE FOUR THOUSAND AND FIVE HUNDRED, AND THE SOUTH SIDE FOUR THOUSAND AND
FIVE HUNDRED, AND ON THE EAST SIDE FOUR THOUSAND AND FIVE HUNDRED, AND THE
WEST SIDE FOUR THOUSAND AND FIVE HUNDRED.
[Ezekiel 48:17] AND THE SUBURBS OF THE CITY SHALL BE TOWARD THE NORTH
TWO HUNDRED AND FIFTY, AND TOWARD THE SOUTH TWO HUNDRED AND FIFTY, AND TOWARD
THE EAST TWO HUNDRED AND FIFTY, AND TOWARD THE WEST TWO HUNDRED AND FIFTY.
[Ezekiel 48:18] AND THE RESIDUE IN LENGTH OVER AGAINST
THE OBLATION OF THE HOLY PORTION SHALL BE TEN THOUSAND EASTWARD, AND TEN
THOUSAND WESTWARD: AND IT SHALL BE OVER AGAINST THE OBLATION OF THE HOLY
PORTION; AND THE INCREASE THEREOF SHALL BE FOR FOOD UNTO THEM THAT SERVE
[Ezekiel 48:19] AND THEY THAT SERVE THE CITY SHALL SERVE IT OUT OF ALL THE TRIBES OF ISRAEL.
Members of all the tribes will dwell in the Holy City. In ancient times the
Israelites had to separate two tithes from their agricultural produce. The
first tithe was for the Priests (Cohans) and Levites who served in the
Temple and also instructed and supervised the people. The second tithe in
the third and six years was given to the poor and the Levites. In the
seventh year all the produce belonged to everybody so there were no tithes.
In the first, second, fourth, and fifth years (of each seven-year cycle)
the second tithe had to be eaten within the confines of Jerusalem. It could
be eaten by anybody. Those who separated the second tithe could eat it
themselves or give it to whomsoever they wished just as long as it was
eaten in Jerusalem. Alternately, it could be exchanged for its monetary
value (plus 25%) and the money taken to Jerusalem and there used to buy
second tithes from others to be eaten in Jerusalem. The object of all this
it has been said was to encourage each family to have members of the family
living permanently in Jerusalem. These family members would study and work
and their income be provided for (or at least supplemented) by offerings of
second tithes of the other family members. The advantages of this were that
every family of Israel would have a minimum family base within Jerusalem
and a family member who would know the Law well.
[Ezekiel 48:20] ALL THE OBLATION SHALL BE FIVE AND
TWENTY THOUSAND BY FIVE AND TWENTY THOUSAND: YE SHALL OFFER THE HOLY OBLATION
FOURSQUARE, WITH THE POSSESSION OF THE CITY.
[Ezekiel 48:21] AND THE RESIDUE SHALL BE FOR THE PRINCE, ON THE ONE
SIDE AND ON THE OTHER OF THE HOLY OBLATION, AND OF THE
POSSESSION OF THE CITY, OVER AGAINST THE FIVE AND TWENTY THOUSAND OF THE
OBLATION TOWARD THE EAST BORDER, AND WESTWARD OVER AGAINST THE FIVE AND TWENTY
THOUSAND TOWARD THE WEST BORDER, OVER AGAINST THE PORTIONS FOR THE PRINCE:
AND IT SHALL BE THE HOLY OBLATION; AND THE SANCTUARY OF THE HOUSE SHALL BE
IN THE MIDST THEREOF.
[Ezekiel 48:22] MOREOVER FROM THE POSSESSION OF THE LEVITES, AND FROM
THE POSSESSION OF THE CITY, BEING IN THE MIDST OF THAT WHICH IS THE PRINCE'S,
BETWEEN THE BORDER OF JUDAH AND THE BORDER OF BENJAMIN, SHALL BE FOR THE
[Ezekiel 48:23] AS FOR THE REST OF THE TRIBES, FROM THE EAST SIDE UNTO THE WEST SIDE, BENJAMIN SHALL HAVE A PORTION.
[Ezekiel 48:24] AND BY THE BORDER OF BENJAMIN, FROM THE EAST SIDE UNTO THE WEST SIDE, SIMEON SHALL HAVE A PORTION.
[Ezekiel 48:25] AND BY THE BORDER OF SIMEON, FROM THE EAST SIDE UNTO THE WEST SIDE, ISSACHAR A PORTION.
[Ezekiel 48:26] AND BY THE BORDER OF ISSACHAR, FROM THE EAST SIDE UNTO THE WEST SIDE, ZEBULUN A PORTION.
[Ezekiel 48:27] AND BY THE BORDER OF ZEBULUN, FROM THE EAST SIDE UNTO THE WEST SIDE, GAD A PORTION.
[Ezekiel 48:28] AND BY THE BORDER OF GAD, AT THE SOUTH
SIDE SOUTHWARD, THE BORDER SHALL BE EVEN FROM TAMAR UNTO THE WATERS OF STRIFE
IN KADESH, AND TO THE RIVER TOWARD THE GREAT SEA.
[Ezekiel 48:29] THIS IS THE LAND WHICH YE SHALL DIVIDE BY LOT UNTO
THE TRIBES OF ISRAEL FOR INHERITANCE, AND THESE ARE THEIR PORTIONS, SAITH
THE LORD GOD.
[Ezekiel 48:30] AND THESE ARE THE GOINGS OUT OF THE CITY ON THE NORTH SIDE, FOUR THOUSAND AND FIVE HUNDRED MEASURES.
[Ezekiel 48:31] AND THE GATES OF THE CITY SHALL BE AFTER THE NAMES
OF THE TRIBES OF ISRAEL: THREE GATES NORTHWARD; ONE GATE OF REUBEN,
ONE GATE OF JUDAH, ONE GATE OF LEVI.
The City Gates: Each Tribe will have a gate to the city of its own.
North: Reuben, Judah, Levi
East: Joseph, Benjamin, Dan
South: Simeon, Issachar, Zebulon
West: Gad, Asher, Naphtali
The Twelve-Tribe Quorum: There were actually 13 tribes but twelve always
only counted. This chapter illustrates the principle. In the list of
territorial allocations Ephraim and Manasseh are counted as separate
tribes. Levi is not listed since his territory was bound up with the
central portion of the Prince and City. In the list of the gates Ephraim
and Manasseh are counted together as Joseph and Levi is listed separately.
In each case 12 separate entities are listed and not 13. This also shows
that even though Ephraim and Manasseh were separate tribes (in Biblical
times they sometimes fought each other!) in some ways in the eyes of God
and practical reality (a gate) they could be considered as one.
[Ezekiel 48:32] AND AT THE EAST SIDE FOUR THOUSAND AND FIVE
HUNDRED: AND THREE GATES; AND ONE GATE OF JOSEPH, ONE GATE OF BENJAMIN, ONE
GATE OF DAN.
[Ezekiel 48:33] AND AT THE SOUTH SIDE FOUR THOUSAND AND FIVE HUNDRED
MEASURES: AND THREE GATES; ONE GATE OF SIMEON, ONE GATE OF ISSACHAR, ONE
GATE OF ZEBULUN.
[Ezekiel 48:34] AT THE WEST SIDE FOUR THOUSAND AND FIVE HUNDRED, WITH
THEIR THREE GATES; ONE GATE OF GAD, ONE GATE OF ASHER, ONE GATE OF NAPHTALI.
[Ezekiel 48:35] IT WAS ROUND ABOUT EIGHTEEN THOUSAND MEASURES: AND
THE NAME OF THE CITY FROM THAT DAY SHALL BE, THE LORD IS THERE.
The Presence of God will be known all over the earth but it will be
ESPECIALLY tangible in the Holy City.
The Future National Arrangements:
Taking different sources together the following picture may be proposed.
This is a PROPOSAL (and nothing more) based on sources as to what may be:
The Messiah or a Process associated with the Messiah will let all
Israelites know what tribe they belong to. Outside of the Land of Israel:
Non-Israelites who have not identified with their Israelite neighbors
and/or not gained merit will be sent away. Those who remain will be counted
as belonging to the tribe amongst whom they dwell. People from different
tribes will move to areas were members of their own tribe are predominant.
Each Tribe will be divided according to clans listed in the Bible.
Altogether there are seventy clans.
The Land of Israel in its Biblical proportions (as described by Ezekiel)
will be divided up amongst each of the Tribes. Representatives of each clan
will be given land in their Tribal regions in the Land of Israel. This land
can never be sold, must remain within the Tribe, and is passed on by
Families will probably be large and every family will endeavor to have some
family members permanently dwelling in the Holy City Territory which is
quite large. Land in this area (including agricultural areas) will be set
aside for this purpose. Their income will be supplemented by other family
members and it may become a custom for dwelling in Jerusalem to be rotated
around the family. Perhaps couples in the first years after their marriage
will spend time in the Holy City area learning and in spiritual and
Summary on Ezekiel