The Khazars, Manasseh, and the USA.
The Khazars were a people in southern Russia many of whom converted to Judaism.
The Khazars were descended from Israelite Tribes. Jewish Tradition linked the Khazars to a group from the Tribe of Simeon led by Princes from Manasseh. A leading element amongst the population of the United states is also from Manasseh.
The article below finds parallels between the Khazars and America.

The Khazars, Manasseh, and the USA

[ adapted from "The Khazars. Tribe 13" ]
          "The Khazars. Tribe 13" shows that the Khazars became a powerful and important people. They converted to Judaism. They had originated in Israel as Israelites but lost their Israelite Identity. By converting and identifying anew as Jews they regained the ability to express their Israelite ancestry. This is not necessarily the solution for all those of Israelite descent but at the time in question it was an answer, perhaps the only one. Once they took the decision they kept by it and gave honor to it. There is something inspiring and noble about the Khazar people. We understand that they were of Hebrew origin because of their history, how they acted, their traditions and traditions about them, ethnic and Biblical names associated with them, and the places they first appeared in.

"The Khazars. Tribe 13"
Map designed by Estelle Schutte

          The Khazars were at first to be found in places where the Lost Tribes had been exiled to. They were first noticed in Azerbaijan and in Hara to the east. These were places the Assyrians had transferred Israelite Exiles from Samaria to. They were also found to the south and north of the Caucasus, and in the regions of the Don and Dneister Rivers that were identified with the River of Sambation. According to the Sages both the Caucasus Mountains and the Sambation River were places the Ten Tribes had been taken. In both these areas do we find the Khazars at the beginning of their history. Archaeological and historical records concerning peoples who had lived in the areas of the Khazars before the Khazars appeared are also consistent with Israelite origins. Before the Khazars there had been the Scythians, the Agathyrsi, and the Gothic forerunners of the Orenburg Culture. The Scythians had emerged from the Middle East area while the Orenburg Culture on the Volga River derived from Assyrian and Persian antecedents. The Assyrians had exiled the Ten Tribes. The Assyrians had taken them to several areas including the "Cities of the Medes" (2-Kings 17:6).  This included Azerbaijan which had once been part of Media and became a Khazar center and probable starting-point.
          The areas of Khazar settlement such as the city of Tanais on the Don River had had a track-record of Judaizing tendencies. Jewish tradition supported by the Bible traced the Khazars to the Tribe of Simeon and the Princes of Manaseh (1-Chronicles 4:38-43). These had gone to Seir of Edom and settled there. The regions of Armenia and Azerbaijan fit this description. The Khazars converted to Judaism in stages. They transformed their previous values and lifestyle. Previously they had imitated Arab coinage and used coins that had praises to Mohamed inscribed on them. A Khazar coin found in Sweden is based on an Arab prototype like previous coins. This time however the inscription says,  'Moses is the Messenger of God'.
          The Khazars gave protection to the oppressed and needy and Jews in need were helped by them. Jews fled from Moslem and Christian oppressors to the Khazars. The Khazars were blessed by their presence. The Khazars influenced other peoples who also adopted some Judaic customs but did not last the course. Some of these peoples, like the Afghans, borrowed the notion of Israelite descent. In some cases heathen subjects of the Khazars took to themselves appellations (such as Machiri or Magyar) that would testify to Israelite origin if we were not aware that it was their Khazar connection and the general customs of Central Asia that led them to taking these names. The Angles, Saxons, and some of the other peoples who eventually wound up in Western Europe came from these same areas and were kinfolk to the Khazars. They too are of Israelite descent. The Khazars were in Scandinavian and in Scotland. They became part of the Picts. What applies to the Khazars also pertains to their kith and kin. We have Khazar records, Jewish accounts, and the records of Arabs, Armenians, and Russian Christians that on the whole testify to the Khazars being Israelites. Accepting that the Khazars were of Israelite origin fits all the known facts better than any other scenario. It is the easiest explanation for all that we know and it is the most convincing. This is the truth. The one permanent characteristic of the Khazars was their Judaism.
          There were Thirteen Tribes of Israel but only Twelve are counted at any one time. Tribe 13 is still around. Tribe 13 is Manasseh who sometimes is counted separately and at other times as part of Joseph. Some of Manasseh went to the Khazars. We had the Sabir Khazars being also named after Manasseh as well as the names Manas and Machir (first-born son of Manasseh) being taken up by non-Israelite peoples who were subservient to the Khazars and bound to them. 
          The sons of Israel were Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulon, Gad, Asher, Naphtali, Dan, Joseph, and Benjamin. Manasseh and Ephraim were the sons of Joseph. Manasseh was blessed after Ephraim and it was promised that he too will become great (Genesis 48:19). Manasseh was blessed to become one of the most important tribes of them all. Nevertheless, in a sense Manasseh was added on. Manasseh was number thirteen. Manasseh is the Thirteenth Tribe, Tribe 13. The Khazars according to Jewish Tradition were in fact descendants of some Jews from Judah along with groups from the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel. Simeon was especially prominent but the RULING GROUP CAME FROM MANASSEH!  This tradition is basically a valid one and confirmed by historical sources.  Since the Khazar rulers evidently came from Manasseh then the Khazars could be considered the Thirteenth Tribe! Not all the Tribe of Manasseh became Khazars. Most of them went westward but some stayed behind, created the Khazar Empire, and converted to Judaism. Those who went west beforehand continued onwards and their descendants played a major role in the founding and formation of the United States. The Khazars on the steppes of Eurasia had given rise to a Kingdom that rescued Jews from their oppressors and gave them hope, respect, and equal opportunity. This is what the descendants of Manasseh along with other Israelites did then. Later it would be the offspring of that other part of Manasseh in the USA who would help refugees, including Jews, from other lands  to escape from persecution and receive equal opportunity. Through helping the State of Israel the USA has enabled the Jews to withstand their enemies. The USA has helped the Jewish State of Israel survive and flourish. The USA represents Manasseh. So did the Khazars. History does repeat itself.
We know the USA is Manasseh because of the following factors:
1. Tribal Demography
Groups in the British Isles who are identified as descended from Clans of Manasseh were to be found in specific areas from whom came more than 80% of the early British settlers of the USA and it was these who determined the national characteristics.
The same applies for entities in Continental Europe (such as in Germany and Holland) who had always been separate from the peoples they lived amongst and who moved EN MASSE to the USA.

2. Manasseh was to become great AFTER Ephraim!
          The Bible (Genesis 48:8-17) tells us that Joseph brought his two sons Ephraim and Manasseh to receive a blessing from Jacob. Manasseh was the older and Joseph placed him to his left facing the right-hand side of Jacob. Ephraim was the younger so Joseph placed him to his right facing the left-hand side of Jacob. Jacob however crossed his hands over placing his right hand on the head of Ephraim and his left on the hand of Manasseh.

Jacob placed Ephraim before Manasseh. He did not however change the position of the boys. Manasseh remained on his right and Ephraim on his left. There are Rabbinical explanations that say the crossing over of the hands did not change the relative importance of the two but it did change the time schedule. From now on Ephraim was to receive his blessing BEFORE Manasseh.
Ephraim was to the right of Joseph facing the left side of Jacob.
Manasseh was to the left of Joseph facing the right side of Jacob.
Said the  "Bnei Yissachar" (Tzvi Elimelech Shapira of Dinov 1784-1840):

## Why did Jacob not command that Manasseh be placed on his left side and Ephraim on his right? Why did Jacob have to cross his hands over? The truth is that Manasseh is the firstborn. This is why it says GUIDING HIS HAND WITTINGLY (Genesis 48:14) (and he did not change Manasseh over to the left side) for in truth Manasseh is the firstborn and the most important but he put Ephraim before Manasseh concerning the chronological precedence ##.

This Sage is saying that:  Manasseh remained on the right hand side of Jacob. He fulfilled the destiny of Jacob and expressed more the inner being of Jacob. The left hand of Jacob was on the head of Manasseh. The left hand is the weaker hand and the slower one. It indicated that Manasseh would be slower to reach fruition.
Fishel Mael ("Hashevetim") based on the above and other sources comments (p.490):

## The order of placing of the sons was important both in regards to their positioning concerning Joseph and in that concerning Jacob. Concerning Joseph....Ephraim is the one who fulfills his place and most continues his path...Therefore Joseph set Ephraim on his right-hand side to show that Ephraim is the main principle of his might and the continuer of his path...However concerning Jacob it is just the opposite. Manasseh is closer the path of Jacob...Jacob however guided his hands wittingly to indicate that the greatness of Manasseh would not be revealed so soon...Jacob agreed only that Manasseh remain at his right-hand side for he is destined to complete the quality ...of Jacob himself in the building of the Third Temple ##.

The USA is Manasseh. Britain is Ephraim. The USA became great AFTER Britain.

3. Manasseh Represents Responsible Representation
          The name "Manasseh" in Hebrew means the Principle of Responsible Representation such as is embodied in the USA Constitution and which is considered sacred by the citizens of the USA as if it represents their ancestral principle and reason for being.
4. America is Named after Machir first-born son of Manasseh.
          Machir was the first-born son of Manasseh. America was named after Amerigo Vespucci whose name is a Latinised version of the Hebrew name Machir or Ha-Machiri ("belonging to Machir"). It follows that indirectly America was named after Machir.
5. Capitalism and Machir of America
The USA is the foremost Capitalist nation. Without Capitalism the values of the USA and traditional American life-style would have difficulty in coming to expression. The USA gives life and justification to Capitalism throughout the world and benefits from this system. Capitalism represents one aspect of the essence of the USA. The Hebrew name "Machir" and "Ha-Macheri" ("Belonging to Machir") became the word "America".  In Hebrew the name "Machir" connotes "selling" or "price' and encapsulates the Principle of Capitalism. Machir was the first-born son of Manasseh whose descendants helped found the USA.
6. Yank and Jacob
          "Yank" is a nickname for American. Yank means Jack which is short for Jacob. Manasseh was attached more to Jacob whereas Ephraim was closer to Joseph.
7. The Presidential System
          Kings from Ephraim had absolute powers. R. M. Shlanger ("Shivtei Nachalatecha", Israel 5766-2005) analyzed leading figures in the Bible appointed from the Tribe of Manasseh as compared with those from Ephraim.  Based on linguistic distinctions he came to the conclusion that Kings from Manasseh were really only "Princes" ("Sar" [singular], "Sarim" [plural]) appointed for specific purposes for limited periods of time. This is the presidential system of Government that the USA is governed by and dependent upon.
The USA is Manassheh.
Manasseh is Tribe 13.
Manasseh is the Thirteenth Tribe.
The USA also partakes of Tribe 13 characteristics.
Take a US dollar bill and consider the following:
13 original colonies,
13 signers of the Declaration of Independence,
13 stripes on the flag,
13 steps on the Pyramid,
13 letters in, 'Annuit Coeptis,'
13 letters in 'E Pluribus Unum,'
13 stars above the Eagle,
13 bars on the shield,
13 leaves on the olive branch,
13 berries or fruits
13 arrows.

## And finally, if you notice the arrangement of the 13 stars in the right-hand circle you will see that they are arranged as a Star of David.  This was ordered by George Washington who, when he asked Hayim Solomon, a wealthy Philadelphia Jew, what he would like as a personal reward for his services to the Continental Army, Solomon said he wanted nothing for himself but that he would like something for his people. The Star of David was the result. Few people know that it was Solomon who saved the Army through his financial contributions but died a pauper. ##

[anonymous source].

          Arthur Koestler called his work "The Thirteenth Tribe" because he believed the Khazars were non-Israelites who had set themselves up to be the same as Israelites alongside the Twelve Tribes of Israel. There are in effect Thirteen Israelite Tribes. The Khazars were of Israelite descent. By making themselves Tribe 13 the Khazars became what they really had been supposed to be all along.
They really were the Thirteenth Tribe.
"The Khazars" gave expression to what they were by becoming "Tribe 13" as shown in the work, "The Khazars. Tribe 13".

See also:
The Khazars and the Scottish.
A list of articles concerning the Khazars.

"The Khazars. Tribe 13"
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