Brit-Am Now no. 1221
5 September, 5 Elul 5768
1. Advanced Scythian city discovered in Central Asia
2. Question about the Tabernacle
3. Tribal Symbols Modernistic Stained Glass Windows
4. Steven Collins:
Khazars - source of the Russian word "Tzar"
5. Additions to Dan: Tribal Characteristics in a Nutshell
Unexpected Tribal Personality Attributes of Half the Tribes


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1. Advanced Scythian city discovered in Central Asia
MOSCOW: Archaeologists have discovered the remains of a 2,500-year-old advanced civilization at the bottom of Lake Issyk Kul in the Kyrgyz Mountains

(click for location (,77.

According to a report in RIA Novosti, the team consisted of Kyrgyz historians, led by Vladimir Ploskikh, vice president of the Kyrgyz Academy of Sciences, and Russian colleagues, like historian Svetlana Lukashova.

The expedition resulted in sensational finds, including the discovery of major settlements, presently buried underwater.

The data and artifacts obtained, which are currently under study, apply the finishing touches to the many years of exploration in the lake, made by seven previous expeditions.

The discovery consisted of formidable walls, some stretching for 500 meters-traces of a large city with an area of several square kilometers.

Other findings included Scythian burial mounds, eroded by waves over the centuries, and numerous well preserved artifacts : bronze battleaxes, arrowheads, self-sharpening daggers, objects discarded by smiths, casting molds, and a faceted gold bar, which was a monetary unit of the time.

All these discoveries suggest that the ancient city was a bustling metropolis in its time.

Some artifacts are in fact so stunning, that they point towards an advanced civilization.

For example, a 2,500 year-old ritual bronze cauldron was found on the bottom of the lake. The subtlety of its craftsmanship is amazing. Such excellent quality of joining details together can only be obtained presently by metalwork in an inert gas.

Also of superb workmanship are bronze mirrors, festive horse harnesses, and many other objects. Articles identified as the world's oldest extant coins were also found underwater-gold wire rings used as small change and a large hexahedral goldpiece.

Side by side with the settlements are remnants of ritual complexes of times immemorial, dwellings and household outbuildings.

According to the researchers, the findings lead to the speculation that the local people at that time had a socio-economic system hitherto unknown to historians. As a blending of nomadic and settled life, it either gradually evolved into something different or-more likely-was destroyed by one of the many local floods.

Lake Issyk Kul has played a tremendous role since the inception of human history due to its geographic location at the crossing of Indo-Aryan and other nomadic routes. Archeologists found traces of many religions here-Zoroastrianism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam.

2. Question about the Tabernacle
Dave Browning wrote:

Dear Yair, et al,
Something came into my head very recently and I do not mean to insult or anything, but... Since the Temple does not stand now, I wonder very curiously, why doesn't the Tabernacle?

I have looked online and
dont see anywhere where it says the Tabernacle is set up or being used. I find this rather odd. It seems to me, this would be a very important thing for Israel. As my studies have lead me to believe, mount Zion was the original place of the Tabernacle, this was before the Temple was built, but mount Zion was not the Temple mount, it was a different place. So, if my studies have not lied to me, it would seem a no brainer there should be a Tabernacle standing now, untill the Temple is rebuilt.

Please, if you can explain to me why it hasn't been set up.

Brit-Am Reply:
The Tabernacle preceded the Temple.
The Temple in effect encompasses all that the Tabernacle was.
After the Temple was built it replaced the Tabernacle for all time.
From our point of view the Tabernacle became one entity with the Temple.
The Temple cannot be built anywhere else than the spot upon which Solomon built it and neither can the Tabernacle since it is the same as the Temple.

People can however make models and study it etc in order that some slight concept of what it was and what the Temple will be in the future may be gained.
God bless you
Yair Davidiy


4. Steven Collins: Khazars - source of the Russian word "Tzar"
From: Steve Collins <>

Shalom Yair,
A reader sent this discussion and article re: the Khazars to me. Thought you'd like to see it.
Sent: Thursday, September 04, 2008 4:01 PM
Subject: Khazars - source of the Russian word "Tzar"

Khazars:  Jewish royalty and the real source of the Russian word "Tzar"

The below news article states: 
"The first Jewish
Khazar king was named Bulan, which means "elk", though some sources give him the Hebrew name Sabriel.  A later king, Obadiah, strengthened Judaism, inviting rabbis into the kingdom and building synagogues."

A variant of the modern Hebrew name "
Sariel" ?
Sar" = Hebrew word for "prince, chief, leader, etc"  (Strong's word # 8269).
"El"   = Hebrew word foe "God"  (Strong's word # 410).  Per Strong: "also used with compound proper names."

Could the Hebrew word "
Sar" be the real source for the title of the Russian supreme ruler..."tzar" ?  Interestingly, the American Peoples Encyclopedia states "The Bulgarian rulers were called czars from the tenth and eleventh centuries", just after the demise of the Khazar empire.  
Therefore, "
Sar-el" means "Prince of God", "Leader of God", etc. and fits the historical fact that King David's progeny was to rule over the other tribes...the Scythians, the Lost 10 Tribes of Israel who migrated through the Black Sea area.
The Arab Geographer al-Istakhri claimed that the White Khazars were strikingly handsome with reddish hair, white skin and blue eyes.  King David was very likely a redhead:  "Now he was ruddy [red], with bright eyes, and good-looking." (I Samuel 16:12).
 Found: Ancient Capital of 'Jewish' Khazar Kingdom
Israel National News - Sep 4, 2008

A team of archaeologists claims to have discovered remnants of the legendary Khazar kingdom in southern Russia, according to a recent report. If the findings by the Russian team, reported by the French agency AFP, prove to be indeed the long-lost capital of the reputed Jewish state, they would represent one of the largest breakthroughs in Jewish archaeology.
"This is a hugely important discovery," said the leader of the expedition, Dmitry Vasilyev. Vasilyev, from Astrakhan State University, made the comments after returning from the excavation site, located near the Russian village of Samosdelka, just north of the Caspian Sea. The location of the site corresponds roughly to the area in which historians believe the empire may have existed.

"We can now shed light on one of the most intriguing mysteries of that period - how the Khazars actually lived," he added. "We know very little about the Khazars - about their traditions, their funerary rites, their culture."

The Jewish University in Moscow and the Russian Jewish Congress helped finance the excavations, which took place during the summer in various locations throughout the region in which the discovery was made. The digs were overseen by a number of university professors, and roughly 50 students took part as well.

The Khazars were known to be a semi-nomadic Turkic people who dominated the Pontic steppe and the North Caucasus regions from the 7th to the 10th century CE. The origin of the Khazars and their apparent conversion to Judaism is the subject of major dispute among modern historians.

In the 7th century CE, the Khazars founded an independent khaganate, or kingdom, in the Northern Caucasus along the Caspian Sea. It is believed that during the 8th or 9th century, around the height of their kingdom, the state religion became Judaism at the order of the king. At this point, the Khazar khaganate and its tributaries controlled much of what is today southern Russia, western Kazakhstan, eastern Ukraine, Azerbaijan, large portions of the Caucasus (including Circassia, Dagestan, Chechnya, and parts of Georgia), and the Crimea.

The first Jewish Khazar king was named Bulan, which means "elk", though some sources give him the Hebrew name Sabriel. A later king, Obadiah, strengthened Judaism, inviting rabbis into the kingdom and building synagogues.

References to a Jewish kingdom of Khazars are numerous in rabbinic literature from the Middle Ages and later. Among them is the famous tale by Rabbi Yehuda HaLevy, related in his 12th-century work The Kuzari, which recounted the conversion of the Khazar king to Judaism resulting from a lengthy conversation with an unnamed Jewish "wise man."

Among other Jewish sources supporting the Jewish identity of the Khazars is a letter written by Avraham ibn Daud, a renowned writer, who reported meeting rabbinical students from Khazar in Toledo, Spain in the mid-12th century. The well-renowned Schechter Letter recounts a different version of the conversion of the Khazar king, and mentions Benjamin ben Menachem as a Khazar king. Saadia Gaon, considered by many to be the greatest rabbi of his generation in the 10th century, also spoke favorably of Khazars in his writings.

The belief in a Jewish Khazar kingdom enjoyed wide belief in non-Jewish literature as well, including classical Muslim sources cited in modern times to demonstrate that the homeland of the Jews is in Khazar and not Israel.

The city Vasileyev claims to have found was referred to as Itil in Arab chronicles, which the archeologist said may actually be an Arabic reference to the Volga River, on which the city was founded, or to the river's delta region.

Historical sources describe Itil as a city of unusual ethnic and religious tolerance and diversity. Travelers to the city described houses of worship and judges for Christians, Jews, Muslims and pagans.

Until now, however, remains of the city had never been identified, and many believed that in the intervening millennium since the demise of the Khazar empire in the 10th century, all signs of the city were washed away into the Caspian Sea.

Although archaeologists have been excavating in the area of Samosdelka for the past nine years, only now has Vasileyev's team been able to claim findings conclusive enough to identify the site of the capital.  Among the discoveries his team has unearthed are the remains of an ancient brick fortress.

"Within the fortress, we have found huts similar to yurts, which are characteristics of Khazar cities," said the researcher.  "The fortress had a triangular shape and was made with bricks. It's another argument that this was no ordinary city."

5. Additions to
Dan: Tribal Characteristics in a Nutshell
Unexpected Tribal Personality Attributes of Half the Tribes

Dan is a good fighter. The eagle, serpent, and lion are all symbols of Dan and all of them have the gift of being able to suddenly strike out of the blue, when least expected, and penetrate what were formerly defensive positions.
The migrating warriors of Dan described themselves as "angry fellows" (Judges 18:25) implying that they were highly dangerous. The expression translated as "angry fellows"in Hebrew is "mari-nefesh" meaning literally "bitter of soul".
The personality of Dan includes an element of manic depression, resentment, and hidden anger.
At the individual level this may have been triggered off by long-forgotten childhood experiences or still-fresh adolescent ones but potentially it is always there.
What could otherwise be considered a negative attribute of ever-smouldering grudges is alleviated by Dan having a sense of justice and not blaming others were they are not to blame though if they give him reason he may take it out on them as well.

Unexpected Tribal Personality Attributes of Half the Tribes
This brings us to the point of hidden or guarded personality attributes that need to be gotten used to and learned about.  The Sons of Jacob were twelve. They came from four mothers. Six came from Leah. All the sons of Leah are more or less above board. What you see is what you get. There are no surprises, just refinement and variations of the main templates. The six sons of Rachel and the Maidservants (Bilhah and Zilpa) however all have some personality quirk of their own "hidden up their sleeve".
In Dan it is resentment, "a chip on the shoulder".
In Naphtali, the need for a partner.
In Gad: a seeking of peer group approval.
In Asher - a need for renewal of commitment of the other side.
Joseph through Ephraim has an inclination towards unpredicted change of policy.
Manasseh of  "cashing in his chips" i.e. taking advantage of relative advantage.

Tribal Characteristics in a Nutshell: Dan


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