"Brit-Am Now"-813
1. Menasseh, Ephraim, and the Heritage of Scotland
2. Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III - Close Up of Jehu
3. DNA. Vikings in Ireland: How Many?
4. Robert Brenner: Feedback
5. Richard Clarkson: Learning Hebrew

1. Menasseh, Ephraim, and the Heritage of Scotland
Interesting and important material has been added to our
article on Menasseh in Rabbinical Sources.
This short notation illustrates how points derived from
Biblical and related studies are often confirmed by
secular disciplines.

2. Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III - Close Up of Jehu
Close up of Jehu doing homage to Shalmaneser III - The Black Obelisk is one of the most important discoveries in Biblical Archaeology because of this panel which depicts the Hebrew king Jehu, or possibly one of his servants, bringing gifts to Shalmaneser III and kneeling at his feet.

"The time that Jehu reigned over Israel in Samaria was twenty-eight years." 2 Kings 10:36

Material - Black Limestone Obelisk
Neo Assyrian
Date: 858-824 BC

3. DNA. Vikings in Ireland: How Many?
The scale and nature of Viking settlement in Ireland from Y-chromosome admixture analysis
Brian McEvoy1, Claire Brady1, Laoise T Moore1 and Daniel G Bradley1
1Smurfit Institute of Genetics, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland

Extracts Only:

The Vikings (or Norse) played a prominent role in Irish history but, despite this, their genetic legacy in Ireland, which may provide insights into the nature and scale of their immigration, is largely unexplored. Irish surnames, some of which are thought to have Norse roots, are paternally inherited in a similar manner to Y-chromosomes. The correspondence of Scandinavian patrilineal ancestry in a cohort of Irish men bearing surnames of putative Norse origin was examined .... Admixture proportion estimates in the putative Norse surname group were highly consistent and detected little trace of Scandinavian ancestry. In addition, there is scant evidence of Scandinavian Y-chromosome introgression in a general Irish population sample. Although conclusions are largely dependent on the accurate identification of Norse surnames, the findings are consistent with a relatively small number of Norse settlers (and descendents) migrating to Ireland during the Viking period (ca. AD 8001200) suggesting that Norse colonial settlements might have been largely composed of indigenous Irish. This observation adds to previous genetic studies that point to a flexible Viking settlement approach across North Atlantic Europe.

4. Robert Brenner: Feedback
re "Brit-Am Now"-811
# 7. David Jackson: More Brit-Am Books Would be Preferable

David Jackson wrote:

"My only coment/suggestion is that it is often easier for me to set aside
time to read a complete printed book than to regularly read web postings."

I disagree (although I do appreciate the books, too). It takes much time to
generate a book and each book typically has a main theme. The Brit-Am
newsletters are full of diverse and interesting information on a wide
variety of subjects, and I look forward to reading each one. It helps me to
make sense out of nonsense in our world. I also enjoy the links to the
Jerusalem News articles. Thanks for all of your wonderful work. I pray that
you are able to continue your ministry to those of us who seek identity
within the Lost Tribes.


Robert Brenner
San Diego, California

5. Richard Clarkson: Learning Hebrew
 I have looked at many sites, including Rosetta Stone, but the best by far appears to be the FREE course, including videos and interactive lessons, is at The University of Texas.
Perhaps the readership may be interested.
Richard Clarkson