"Brit-Am Now"-818
1. Stephen Ray Hale
(a)  "Hale down under"
(b) Abbot and Costello: The Hebrew Language
2. Question about the Galatians and Franks
3. Q. How Many of your followers are Christians?
4. Phoenicians
5. Isaiah Summary chs 36 to 40

1. Stephen Ray Hale
From: Stephen Ray Hale <>
Subject: RE: "Brit-Am Now"-817
Jerusalem News-544

(a)  "Hale down under"
Concerning "Scots down under," I am glad that I am not in Australia.  I
would be "Hale down under" in that my name is Stephen Hale.  This is on top
of the relief that my Hale ancestor was not Irish, because the English Hales
were called simply Hale, a Scottish Hale would be called MacHale or McHale,
but an Irish Hale would be called O'Hale.

(b) Abbot and Costello: The Hebrew Language
I really think that Abbot and Costello were Jewish when they came up with
that "Whose on Base" routine.

In looking at the Hebrew language, I noticed some interesting things.

The Hebrew word for the English "who" sounds like "me."
The Hebrew word for the English "she" sounds like "He."
But the Hebrew word for the English "he" sounds like "who"
And the Masculine version of the Hebrew word for the English "they" sounds
like "him."

Stephen Hale from Midland, Texas

2. Question about the Galatians and Franks
Robert Jones  wrote:
Mr. Davidiy,

The name of Gilead and Galadi as you have said are almost one in the same.  From your research, did Gad, half of Manasseh and Reuben all refer to themselves as Galli.  If this is true it makes a lot of sense in tying Reuben to the Franks or Phrygians

Wikipedia stated the Phrygian kingdom of the Moschi was destroyed by the Cimmerian/Gauls.  The Galatian tribe that went back into Anatolia renamed the area they settled Galatia.  Wikipedia stated that these Galatians had three provinces Galatia Prima, Galatia Segunda, and Salutaris, which included part of Phrygia.  What I don't understand is when they were forced to migrate into Europe why would they choose to use the name of Phrygia or Frank instead of Galatia?  They had been known as Galatians for nearly 500 years. Has anyone ever written about the early period of the Franks as they migrated out of Asia Minor?

The last question I had was with Josephus.  He must have had an understanding of where the lost tribes were based on some of his statements, why would he confuse these Galatians mentioned above with the sons of Gomer.  Wasn't Cilicia and Tarsus a Jewish settlement.  With the knowledge of where his own people were, and the proximity of Galatia to Cilicia, it would seem fairly easy for him to realize these were Israelites and not from Gomer.

Rob Jones

Answers: Concerning the name "Galli" this is a possibility that should be kept in mind.
It is possible that a Biblical or archaeological source will be revealed to help determine
the matter.
"Galli" could be derived from the Hebrew "Galil" (in English "Galilee") and mean
"Highander" or it could come from the root "GoLeH" and connote "Exile".

Background:  A portion of the Gauls in the West were known as Galatians.
The Galatians periodically conducted raids towards the east.
At one stage a group of Galatians after being hired as mercenaries moved with their wives
and children to Anatolia (Turkey) and took over the province of Phrygia which was renamed
"Galatia" in their honor.
Other Galatians moved to Eastern Scythia where they joined  the Hugie.
This confederation then together moved back towards the west becoming
known as the Franks.
On the way they evidently gathered back in part of the "Galatians" from
The Franks who conquered France and dominated much of Northern Europe
were also known as "Fraggar" or a similar term that would have sounded
very similar to pronunciations of Phrygia which in Ancient  Times was an
important province in what is now Turkey.
In the "The Tribes" we trace the Franks to Eastern Scythia but also
say that at least part of them descend from Galatians who from the
west had moved back eastward. We mention the possibility of
some of these Galatians coming from "Galatia" in Phrygia.
As for they being known as "Franks" instead of Galatians this is nothing exceptional.
If the term Frank is derived from Phrygia then the Galatians could easily
had received that name through dwelling in the Phrygian area.
They may have used both names with one eventually
becoming more dominant than the other.
The term Fraggar or Frank may have been used to distinguish
Galatians who had been in Phrygia from other Galatians.
An example of names being used interchangeably
in found in the terms English and British.
Overseas the appellations English and British are used as synonyms
and once were often so employed in Britain itself.
My father came from Wales and was proud of it but after moving to
Australia as far as he or anyone else was concerned he was "English".

As for the movement out of Asia Minor (Turkey) no-one as far as we know
has written of this but if anyone wished to do so our own work "The Tribes"
could be valuable since it traces the Franks and Sicambrians (another portion of
the Franks) from the east to the west using valid but little known sources.

Concerning Josephus not recognizing the Galatians as Israelite but rather
identifying them with Gomer this is a difficult question.
See what we ourselves have written concerning Gomer in the
Brit-Am Commentary to Hosea.
Israelites had indeed combined with Gomer.
Maybe those Galatians with whom Josephus was familiar were not Israelite?
Could the Israelite Galatians have already moved out leaving only their name
behind them?
Or perhaps when in Gaul they had already completely lost all trace and memory
of their Israelite ancestry as happened elsewhere?

As for Cilicia and Tarsis (present day southeast Turkey near the border with
Syria) these areas had indeed once been Israelite with elements from
Dan, Gad, Manasseh, and others in or near them, as well as a contingent from
By the time of Josephus however these Israelites had long been exiled
along with their brother Israelites from the Kingdom of Israel.

3. Q. How Many of your followers are Christians?
Answer: We do not know but probably most of them.
Chris Josephson of Bible Lite Ministries once pointed out to
me that if she was not Christian she would not be familiar with
the Bible and not interested in the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel.
As well as Christians our ranks contain Orthodox Jews, non-Orthodox
Jews, Israelite converts to Judaism, people of mixed origin
and or affiliation, Bnei Noach, and quite a few others.
We try to avoid theological issues and on the whole succeed.

No matter what your beliefs
if the Brit-Am and related beliefs are correct then an
organization like Brit-Am is a necessity.
Perhaps you should support us and help Brit-Am function and improve?

4. Phoenicians

Historians refer to them as Canaanites when talking about the culture before 1200 B.C. The Greeks called them the phoinikes, which means the "red people"a name that became Phoeniciansafter their word for a prized reddish purple cloth the Phoenicians exported. But they would never have called themselves Phoenicians. Rather, they were citizens of the ports from which they set sail, walled cities such as Byblos, Sidon, and Tyre.

The culture later known as Phoenician was flourishing as early as the third millennium B.C. in the Levant, a coastal region now divided primarily between Lebanon, Syria, and Israel. But it wasn't until around 1100 B.C., after a period of general disorder and social collapse throughout the region, that they emerged as a significant cultural and political force.

From the ninth to sixth centuries B.C. they dominated the Mediterranean Sea, establishing emporiums and colonies from Cyprus in the east to the Aegean Sea, Italy, North Africa, and Spain in the west. They grew rich trading precious metals from abroad and products such as wine, olive oil, and most notably the timber from the famous cedars of Lebanon, which forested the mountains that rise steeply from the coast of their homeland.

5. Isaiah Summary chs 36 to 40
Isaiah Prophecies: The Assyrians under Sennacherib beseige Jerusalem. The Assyrian emissary Rabshakeh is an apostate son of King Hezekiah. 185,000 Assyrian soildiers are killed at night by the Angel. Sennacherib returns to Nineveh and is assassinated by his sons. The enemies of Judah are the ewnemies of the Almighty. God will watch over His people.