January 15, 2003
1. Web Special
2. Book Review on Khazars
1. Web Special
On Great Britain as Ephraim see:
new graphics and illustrations. See also the very pleasing and informative
graphic (that we received permission to use)
depicting how the sun never set on the British Empire.
Read "Origin" on line and then order both "Origin" and "Biblical Truth. The
Lost Ten Tribes of Israel in the West According to the Book of Genesis".
2. Book Review on Khazars
Preliminary Note from Yair Davidiy: About the only point in the review
below that I agree with is the following:
"the Khazar tribe is not Turkish in origin, but Israelite comprised of the
remnants of the tribes of Simeon, Manasseh, and Ephraim."
All the other points are doubtful and need to be taken carefully.
Nevertheless the article is worth reading.
Book Review on Khazars
So What If A Small Portion
Of World Jewry Are
Descendents Of Khazars!
By Joel Bainerman
ZICHRON YAACOV, Israel -- In various streams of the alternative
informationworld on the Internet there are numerous writers and researchers
who try to expose the Jews whereever they can. Most of these people are
honest-to-goodness anti-Semites, and along the way, became anti-Israel as
well. One of their big claims is that modern-day Jews are not descended
from the Jews of the Bible because in the seventh century, a tribe of
Turko-Asiatic people converted on mass to Judaism and thus Jews have no
claim to modern Palestine as there is no direct linkage between modern Jews
and the Jews who inhabited the Holy Land two millennia ago." This means,
these people claim, the Jews have no right to claim any rights to the
"Biblical Land of Israel". The theory was given respectability by the
Arthur Kossler when the well-known author wrote The Thirteenth Tribe in the
late 1970s which set out to prove that the modern Jews of the western world
descended from the people of the kingdom of Khazars- an empire which ruled
from the seventh to the tenth centuries and dominated eastern Europe
between the Volga river and the Caucasus. It is accepted by all that the
person who is credited with converting the Khazarian nobles to Judaism is
Judah ha-Levi (1075-1141 CE), a Sephardic Jewish religious thinker from
Spain. But that would mean that all modern European Jews- who supposedly
descended from the Khazars then European Jewry- would be primarily
Sephardic in character and culture. Rather, modern European Jewry is
primarily Ashkenazi and not Sephardic. Says David Whitaker, author of Are
Modern Jews Really Jews? "The Khazarian nobles obviously accepted the
Ashkenazi form of Judaism upon entering Eastern Europe after the Russian
invasion and conquest of the Khazarian Empire." Thus if the Jews of today
really did descend only from converted Khazarians, there would have been no
Ashkenazi Jews in the world. One of the mysteries surrounding the
conversion of the Khazars is why they would they chose Judaism and not
Christianity or Islam? Judaism had no political support but was universally
persecuted. And while at the time Christianity and Islam were actively
seeking converts- Judaism was not. David Dankenbring, author of the book,
The Incredible Identity of the Khazars, believes that the story here may
not be that the Khazars "chose" Judaism rather than the other two
monotheistic religions- but rather, the Khazars' leadership believed
themselves to be Jews which were cut off from the rest of the mainline
Jewish community centuries before. In his book he points out how
important the number 40 was to the Khazars which he believes could be a
clue to the real story behind the conversion of the Khazars to
Judaism According to the Arab historian Ibn Fadlan, the king of the
Khazars was allowed to rule for 40 years. The number "40" important to
Israel. It rained for 40 days and night during the flood. Noah opened the
window of the ark after 40 days. Ancient Israelites wandered for 40 years.
The land of Israel had rest of 40 years the high priest Elijah judged
Israel for 40 years. The first two kings of the dynasty of David, and
Solomon reigned for forty years. Moses was on Mount Sinai receiving the
torah from god for 40 days. Dankenbring believes that in the time of the
Roman Empire when Jews were persecuted by the Romans, it would have been
natural that they should migrate to a kingdom where tolerance and fairness
and freedom of religion was character of the culture. To the Arab
geographer Istakhri, one of the mains Arab sources of information on the
Khazars, the kingdom of the Khazars were known as practicing religions
tolerance as Muslims were allowed to have their own mosques and Christians
their own churches, as well as each religion having their own courts and
clergy. Dankenbring claims that in Europe at the time the prevailing
mentality was fanaticism, ignorance and anarchy, this "level of religious
tolerance stands out. Says Dankenbring: "The Khazar kingdom was located
in the region where the northern ten tribes of Israel migrated and
eventually settled after taken into captivity by the Assyrian Empire in
718-721 BCE. During the time following their release from Assyrian
captivity, with the conquest of Persia and Babylon by Alexander the Great
in 331 BCE, the Israelis blossomed and grew strong. But they had lost their
knowledge of their religious and ethnic identification during the 1400
years spent in the steppes of Asia prior to the kingdom of the Khazars.
They had lost the Torah, gone into Baal-pagan worship, and appeared just
like the Gentile cultures around them. They had departed from the laws and
commandments of God and had lost the religious and spiritual identification
marking their heritage." Dankenbring claims that the reason the Khazars
converted to Judaism instead of Christianity or Islam: it was in fact, the
religion of their ancestors, centuries before. He contends that the Khazar
tribe is not Turkish in origin, but Israelite comprised of the remnants of
the tribes of Simeon, Manasseh, and Ephraim. Dankenbring writes that the
very name Khazar is also proof of this conclusion. In Hebrew, "sar" or
"tsar" which we get Caesar, Kaiser and Tasar, mean "lord", "chief" ruler"
the Prifix "ka"is an advert of quality as "so, as much as possible"
therefore "to be so in a very high degree" Thus using "ka" as a prefix of
the sar "sar" it has the inference of the "very great or high king"
"powerful ruler" "very high lord" mighty chief. Sar or Shar also means
"to be left, to remain, "remnant" The Khazars were a "remnant" of the lost
tribes of Israel. Thus "ka-Shar" could mean "special remnant" the unique
remnant. Kevin Alan Brook is one of the most respectable historians on
the subject of the Khazars. In 2000 he published his book The Jews of
Khazaria, in which he writes: "No Polish place-names were directly named
after the Khazars" nor "did Polish shtetl life derive from the Khazars. The
majority of Polish Jews came from the West, not the East, and most
Ashkenazi Jews have Germanic, not Turkish surnames and customs." Brook
claims Eastern Europeans Jews have ancestors who came from Central Europe
rather than the Khazar kingdom. He reports that genetic tests carried out
by Dr. Michael Hammer showed that based exclusively on the Y-chromosome
(paternal) shows that Ashkenazi Jews are more closely related to Yemenite
Jews, Iraqi Jews, Sephardic Jews, Kurdish Jews, and Arabs than they are to
European Christian populations. Another researcher on this subject is the
Australian writer, David Maddison He claims there were Jews on the Rhine
who came with the Romans long before there was a Khazaria and even before
many Germanic tribes settled there. As well, there were very large Jewish
communities in Northern and Eastern Europe before the Khazar-Jews arrived
there, and thus just a tiny percentage of Khazar-=Jews are the ancestors of
the Ashkenazim. Thus, he concludes, these Jews are clearly descended from
the Jews of the Bible. "There were Jews in Russia from the first
centuries and from there the Jews immigrated to the Caucasus and beyond,"
writes Maddison. "Jews were in Yugoslavia and Romania in the third century
and not long after in Hungary and France. Evidence of Jewish communities is
abundant from 465 onwards. Jews were living in all Mediterranean countries
for many centuries and were also living in most other European lands from a
very early period. However it can be assumed that a tiny portion of
present-day Jews may very well be descendants from converted Khazar
Jews". Joel Bainerman has been writing about Israeli and Middle East
political and economic affairs since 1981.
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