"Brit-Am Now"-239

1.Israel & the Pyramids
2. Re Christianity, Correction
3. An article on the Scythians and Notes

1.Israel & the Pyramids
From: "." <thaxted@netvision.net.il>
Subject: Jews & the Pyramids
Jewish pyramids

Uri Geller's article on his garden pyramid reminded one that although
the Jews may not have built the only one of the Seven Wonders of the World
still standing - the Great Pyramid of Cheops - they may have
contributed to it.

Josephus states that when Abraham was in Egypt "he communicated to the
Egyptians astronomical and mathematical knowledge with which they were
unacquainted" (Antiquities 1:7).

Joseph, who was gifted with skills in architecture, administration,
government, arts and sciences, a man who had "much insight and wisdom
and in whom the Spirit of God is" (Genesis 41) may also have had an influence.

The Egyptians possessed skills and knowledge of astronomy and many
other subjects far higher than they "should" have had according to
evolutionary scenarios that they had just emerged from a very primitive "Stone Age".

The 100 pyramids along the Nile were not the culmination of many
centuries of increasing skill in the building of earlier pyramids.

The Great Pyramid was only the sixth to have been built, not at the end
of a long period of experience of building pyramids.

Each side of the pyramid is 757 feet, and its height is 480 feet; 2.5
million blocks were used, some weighing 200 tons, totalling six million tons.

The blocks were made and laid with such amazing speed, precision of
astronomical alignment and exactitude of construction, the joints
between the faces being less than 1mm, that American engineers state that they
would be incapable of making one today, even with cranes and power tools.

The pyramid contains many internal passages, but no obvious entrances.
It was once clad in brilliant white polished limestone with a top capped
in a metal pyramidion. Its method of construction is still a mystery, with
dozens of rival theories.

Did the Egyptians have access to the Shamir worm, a stone cutting
creature used by Solomon to build the Temple of Jerusalem (Gittin 68)?

Or maybe even access to the power of levitation: "Ten degrees of magic
descended to the world, and the Egyptians took nine of them"!
(Kiddushin 49).

Amnon Goldberg,
POB 137, Safed, Israel.

2. Re Christianity, Correction
From: Lee Sheldon <lees_8113@hotmail.com>
Subject: Re: "Brit-Am Now"-238

Re your comment on #6 Christianity.   Almost all of the members of the
Church of Jesus Christ are blood descendents from Ephraim, they are
therefore true Israel & of Hebrew origin. .. very much aware of
Biblical Truths & 100% Christian. They are also one of the most supportive
towards the House of Judah teaching the brother-sister relationship is one of
blood as well as tribal. Please convey these facts to all your readers.
Thank you,  Lee S

3. An article on the Scythians and Notes
On the web-site
There is an article based on a work written in the 1930s but still
pertinent in part. The author believed that the Turks and Hungarians were descended from
the Scythians and these from the people of Sumer in Mesopotamia or a related group
from the same area. We have shown that the Scythians were in large part Israelites and that
they gave rise to part of the Celtic and the Anglo-Saxon peoples.
Nevertheless the article has a few points worth noting.

Extracts from the article:

The Real Scythians of Messopotamia
Fred Hamori based on a work by Gyula Meszaros

<<It is a common fallacy to call Scythians Iranians based on the fact
that the Greeks continued to use the Scythian name long after the
disappearance of the Northern Mesopotamian & Anatolian Scythians who were conquered
and absorbed by the Iranian Suoramata. The association of the conquered
with the conqueror however is common but still inaccurate. After this event
there occurred such a confusion in the minds of the Greeks concerning
their previous northern neighbors that they applied the term to other nomadic
or equestrian people with similar outward habits, including the
Saurmatians, Huns, Turks and later even Germanic tribes. This progression only
occurred over a long time when the "Scythian" term became a gross generalization
of a horse-nomad. Yet the original Scythians were not nomads and had
cities, ships arts and trades, which the early Greeks admired. The later Pseudo
Scythians often copied some of their arts and habits but were but a poor
imitation of the original.

The real Scythians, however lived first in Anatolia before the 7th
century BC, then moved in large numbers to the Kuban Region in early 6th
century BC, then to the Pontic Steppes and later to eastern Europe and to
Turkestan. Before this time they must have conducted long term trade
with the region also. They greatly influenced the culture of the peoples
they interacted with including the so called Finnougrians in the north and
also the Hunic-Turkic peoples in the east and probably also some Indo Europeans.

We know relatively little of the early Scythian language, except that
it came from ancient Anatolia and therefore must be related to the
languages of that region such as Hattic, Hurrian, Subarian. Indeed if these are
used as a guide much of the language of these "real Scythians" from 6century
BC to the 2nd century BC can be decyphered, whereas they cannot be
understood with the help of Iranian languages. Only the later Sauromata and later
pseudo Scyth language remains can be understood with Iranian. To make
the confusion more complete, the conquering Sauromata also must have
absorbed large Scythic elements which often kept many of their old customs, but
were forced to change their languages. Therefore outwardly they must have
seemed to be the same people. The explosion of Scythic peoples in the east
could not just be a population explosion of one people but the whole
conquered patchwork of peoples.

First of all a comparison of early Scythian customs, art forms, religious
beliefs and even their first historic mention is all from Anatolia and
Northern Messopotamia. First in Assyrian documents. The early Greek
writers confirm this also. Therefore they were not a northern people at all !
Nor an eastern one from Central Asia. Plinius writes of their origins "Ultra
sunt Scytharum populi, Persae illos Sacas in universum appellavere a
proxima gente, antiqui Arameos." They came from an area in Northern
Messopotamia often called Arameos, which is but a name of Urartu whose
first king was called Aram. Later the term was also applied to Syria
where another colony of Scythians & Hati-Hittites (2000BC to 714BC) settled
after the collapse of their old empire in Anatolia. Indeed this was but one
of the reasons for the spreading of Anatolian people to the north also.
Both Assyrian and Mede attacks forced them to look for new lands to settle./Meszaros

Herodotus also tells of the origin of the Scythians from the area of
eastern Anatolia watered by the Araxes River (modern Turkish Aras) and not
the Amu Darya which the historians of Alexander invented to enlarge
their own conquests. Herodotus writes: "The nomad Scythians living in Asia
(once only the near east) were attacked by the Sarmatians and were forced to
cross the Araxes and wander to the land of the Kimmerians."
This is but one late version of a confused story, other early Greeks
tell it differently that the warlike Scythians crossed over on their own
account. The Sarmatian attack was a later event, but they must have
been a long time thorn in their side because Herodotus mentioned them living
to the north of the Scythians of the Black Sea regions and not close to
their old homelands along the Araxes.

Hesiod, 7th Century BC, writes: The inventors of bronze working were
the Scythians. The early Messopotamian name of the metal Zubur, indicates
that the northern Messopotamian Subartuan's or a people of the region were
indeed the inventors of the process. The Scythians also of this region
were therefore but a different designation of such people that the Greeks
associated with them.

The Greeks also associated the invention of iron working with the
Scythians. This again is a northern Messopotamian and Anatolian
invention and being Anatolian in origin the Scythians also had some great iron
working tribes like the Kalybs tribe which gave steel its name in many
early European languages. In time they became absorbed by the
Sarmatians and Yazig. They must have also been remembered by the Yazig cavalry
taken by the Romans to early Britain and were the foundation of the King
Arthur myths of Ex-Calibur, and the sword myths which are all early Anatolian
traditions. These traditions were also found in Hun and Magyar
traditions and mentioned by Herodotus amongst the early Scythians.

Besides bronze and iron they are credited by the early Greeks to have
invented the bellows used for metal smelting. The invention of the
pottery wheel and the boat anchor. Products of a very early civilization.

Therefore when Justinius II writes that the Scythians are one of the
most ancient races in the world, older than the Egyptians, He cannot be
talking of simply the late Scythian immigrants to the Pontic steppes but the
early northern Messopotamian cultures. Similarly he cannot be talking of the
Iranian tribesmen which spread into Central Asia. Nor is he talking of
the later Hun tribes for sure, since they were hardly known for a such a
long time in the west.

One of the main introductions of the Scythians is iron weapons and
horse riding. Both of Anatolian origin.

Representation of horse soldiers from the Mitani-Hurrian state from
12century BC and Hittite reliefs from the 14th and 12th century show
its early sporadic use, just waiting for the right equipment to be developed.

The horse is utilized mainly to pull a chariot rather than an unstable
back of the horse, until basic saddles are invented by the scythians and
much better saddles and stirrups are invented by the Hunno-Turkic peoples.
(1AD Hun stirrups). The name of the horse, warhorse and charriot in
Hungarian are all from northern Messopotamia. Horse riding equipment like
saddles, reins, strirrups are from Hunno-Turkic languages. None by way of any
Indo European language..

The Scythians were famous above all because of their horsemanship and
great knowledge of raising and riding horses. This comes from their old
homeland as is shown by the documents of Sargon (722-705BC).

North East of Urmia-lake in Urartu, there was a Sangi-buti land with
two cities famous for its horses.
The Chaldi (Urartu) signs from the 8th century BC also talk of the land
between the Transcaucasian Kura and Araxes River area and often
mentions their horses. From a military expedition they obtained 10,000s of
horned cattle and 100, 000 s of sheep, and 100s of horses. /Mescaninov,
Leningrad (Chaldi ...?)

Comments by Brit-Am:

The term "Scythian" was applied to a lot of peoples. Historians
generally apply it to the various branches of the Sakae and whomever was related
to them and dwelt near them. I think this technical application is
correct.The name Scythian was later applied to people who conquered the "real"
Scythians and to other "conquered" peoples and to peoples whom the
Scythians had conquered all of whom absorbed aspects of the Scythian culture.

Pliny says that the Scythian people were called "Sakas" by the Persians
after the neariest (Scythian) tribe to them but their name in antiquity
was "Arameos". "Arameos" is a form of "Arami", i.e. from "Aram". a term
which applied mainly to Syria but was also used for the Israelites and there
were stages when the Israelites had ruled over Aram and settled in the north
of Syria.

  Urartu was not called Arameos according to known sources. Arameos is
a form of the name "Aram" and exiles from Aram (and Israel) were
re-settled in Urartu at one stage. The people of Aram were quite numerous and
powerful and they gave rise to the Aramaic language.
There was Aram Naharayim (Mesopotamia) and Aram Zobah in northern Syria.
"Aram" in the English Bible is translated as "Syria".
The people of Aram reached to the borders of Israel and intermixed with
the Israelites. Some of the Israelite tribes spoke Aramaic or a mixture of
Aramaic and Hebrew as shown by the "Bilaam" inscription at Succot east
of the Jordan
The Israelites referred to their forefather as a "wandering Aramaean"
(Deuteronomy 26:5 see Aryeh Kaplan, "The Living Torah").
Jewish mercenaries in Elephantine in Egypt were referred to by the
Persians as "Arami" and the Land of Israel was referred to as part of "Syria"
(Aram) even in Greek times.
  The most simple way to understand Herodotus is that he is reporting
the Scythians to originally have been in Sacasene (by the Araxes) in
Armenia (in northern Iraq) and to have been driven out from there. Strabo says
that the Scythians came to Sacasene from  elsewhere.
Jewish and Armenian tradition says that some of the Ten Tribes of
Israel were resettled in the region of Sacasene.

><<Hesiod, 7th Century BC, writes: The inventors of bronze working were the
>The Greeks also associated the invention of iron working with the
>Scythians. .. the Scythians also had some great iron working tribes like
>the Kalybs tribe which gave steel its name in many early European languages. >>

We have traced the iron-working Kalybs to Caleb of Judah (see "Lost
Israelite Identity" by Yair Davidiy. The clan of Yair was related to Caleb
of Judah and there was an enclave of Judah (Yadi) in the north.
The exiled Israelites brought iron working to Europe. Israelite and
Judaean groups were everywhere known as proficient mettallurgists.

Herodotus says that the Scythians believed they had originated at the
time of the Exodus.
It is correct to say that the Scythians were first reported of in the
area of north-east Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and eastern Iran.
Their early culture can be explained entirely in Middle Eastern terms.
They later dwelt in cities on the shores of the Black Sea as well as being
nomads. Greek references to them and archaeological finds indicate a
high cultural standard.

><<The early Scythian art style is an extension of Messopotamian art, a
>fact which cannot be denied any longer. >>

Not Mesopotamian art but rather Israelite-Phoenician art which was also
adopted in part by the Neo-Assyrians who were indeed Mesopotamians.
This art was not apparent in Mesopotamia prior to the Neo-Assyrian era
(after ca 700 BCE) and the Assyrian conquests of Syria, Phoenicia, and Israel.

It is not certain what language the Scythians spoke but in the
Scythian-Sakae area east of the Caspian there have been found
inscriptions in Aramaic and Aramaic is believed to have been the language of that
area. Some Israelites had spoken Aramaic and/or a mixed Hebrew-Aramaic
dialect even before the exile and after the exile Aramaic was more frequently
used since it was one of the official languages of the Assyrian Empire.
Aramaic is similar to Hebrew and someone who knows Hebrew well can understand
Aramaic with little effort.