Brit-Am Now"- 431

1. Jordan etc
2. DNA Changes
3. The Genetic Change model.
4. Genetic Change Curiosities
5. Question Concerning the Acknowledgement of Judah

1. Jordan etc
Palestinians should be encouraged to leave the State of Israel
and leave Judah and Samaria. If they wish to go to Jordan
that is their prerogative at present. It is better that they go there
than stay here. Nevertheless they should not be encouraged.
Jordan Syria and Lebanon are all rightfully Israelite lands
and must be occupied by Hebrews.
Palestinians should be encouraged to leave and go overseas.
The emphasis at present is on LEAVING but their going overseas is also
important  and should not be disregarded.

2. DNA Changes
H said:
<<I find that idea that the DNA mutates after death to resemble other
people groups than the one of the person who died rather farfetched.  I can
see it degrading or decomposing, but NOT turning to a Semitic blood type
when before it was something else.>>

That is what the authorities are saying at the moment.
They are saying that DNA inclines to change DURING LIFE but there is an
inbuilt corrective mechanism that corrects
it and prevents the change being "fixed". After death the corrective
mechanism no longer functions
so (they say) a large proportion of samples can show changes all of the
same order.
This causes (they claim) certain categories to be transformed into other ones.
We are "saying" that under (a) certain circumstances  the changes can take
place during life without the corrective mechanism functioning.
(b) In the case of the "Semitic"  characteristic that such was (perhaps)
the original state
that later changed to the present one.
I understand this is actually quite feasible and scientifically acceptable
though disconcerting.
In the past we described a model for genetic change described by Spetner.
This model also could fit the present proposal.
I was told the model would in theory also be acceptable to conventional

3. The Genetic Change model.
The following model was proposed for genetic change in general as
understand before DNA studies
were publicized. Nevertheless with slight modifications it also seems
pertinent to DNA

  Lee M. Spetner (Not By Chance!: The Fall Of Neo-Darwinian Theory From An
Examination Of Information And Randomness In Evolution, by Lee M. Spetner,
PhD., 1996, Jerusalem, Israel, published by Kest-Lebovits, now re-published
by Judaica Press) explains the Dauer effect first reported by Victor Jollos
in Germany in 1921. The model explained by Lee M. Spetner is consistent
with our claims that racial color and racial physical characteristics are
an outcome of environment acting on an existing Genetic potential of
varying possibility. The said model describes Genetic Switch from one
characteristic to another. The model is described roughly below:

* Genetic Switch: The Model:

This is very simplified (perhaps overly so) but it does present the
principle we need to illustrate.

Suppose that two different alternative genes (A & B) for the same function
(e.g., skin color) are present in an organism: Each gene imparts a quality
as well as having a depressant component against the other gene. This
depressant operates with a delayed reaction.

Say, for example:

(1. At first, there is a barrier against A so that only B expresses itself
and one of the side-effects of B is to produce a deterrent against A. In
other words, the A and B factors are both present but only B reveals itself
while A is turned off.

(2. Something happens (due to environment in the model of Spetner) and the
factor A is triggered off. The barrier is overcome, and A expresses itself
at the expense of B. A comes to expression and produces a deterrent against
B. No new deterrent is being produced against A. There still however
remains deterrent against A due to the former dominance of B in the
organism. This deterrent operates with a delayed reaction. At this stage
the organism though appearing as A can still revert to B.

If A continues to express itself and to reproduce as A-type, the deterrent
remaining from B diminishes while A produces deterrent against B. This
continues until A becomes the "true" permanent factor and the deterrent
against B is dominant. From now on the organism will reproduce only with A
until or unless some other major external influence is interposed. The
organism in question has therefore changed almost permanently from type B
to type A!! In other words at first there was one dominant factor that was
overcome by another one; initially the change may be temporary and
reversible, but eventually it becomes permanent.

This is the Victor Jollis "Dauer" effect model as presented by Lee M.
Spetner. The model is describing individual genes but genes work in groups
and interact with each other. Considering the model on a group level makes
it even more realistic. Expanding the model to consider the Genetic Pool of
a whole community acting in some way as one co-ordinate organism even
further heightens the realism of the model. People react as groups....
The above model of L.M. Spetner helps explain how 2 groups of people of the
same ancestry could vary in some respects (color or what not) if separated
for some time and subject to different influences.

4. Genetic Change Curiosities
from "Not by Chance! The Fall of Neo-Darwinian Theory", by Leo M.Spetner
For references concerning the following facts (academic papers etc) see
Brit-Am Now"-366
"Food for thought"
the book by Spetner

In our opinion the explanation for the phenomenon described below
is due to inbuilt genetic potential being activated.

a. Several species of plants vary their stem height, stem number, and
flowering times as conditions vary from sunshine to shade and from wet to
Crabs prey on snails with thin shells, but they cannot eat snails with
thick shells. Snails can sometimes tell if crabs are around. In the
presence of crabs they grow a thick shell. This adaptation clearly helps
protect the snails from crabs.
Snails are themselves predators. They prey on barnacles. When the barnacle
senses snails, it protects itself by growing into a bent-over shape that
keeps the snails from eating it. When there are no snails around the
barnacle develops into its normal form.

Wynne Edwards [1986]  has suggested that animals generally manage their
food resources by controlling  their own numbers. Populations are kept in
check not by the extrinsic forces of mass starvation or disease, but by the
intrinsic forces built into the animals themselves. This phenomenon may be
surprising and even amazing to most people, but biologists studying animals
in the wild have reported this kind of control  operating in a variety of

             Plants also do not proliferate in a field to the point where
they become crowded. They do not engage in a struggle for existence where
natural selection would preserve the strong and destroy the weak. Plants
tend to control their populations by sensing the density of the planting.
When the growth is dense, plants produce less seeds; when growth is thin,
they produce more seeds [ Bradshaw 1965:

There are some alleles in populations that have proved to be useful in the
past. But you cant expect to find new genes lying around that can play a
useful role they never played before. Alleles that have been useful in the
past do get stored in a population, and are found in large numbers, closer
to thousands than to 1. That may be why, when useful genes are found, there
are so many of them. They might be left over from what was once a large
fraction of the population, and maybe selection pressure has not yet got
rid of them.

             Genes that were once useful but are not now, could still sit
in the population. The more there are, the longer they can stay dormant in
the population. Some genes would be adaptive now if they could get put
together right. They may need only a recombination or an inversion to
reawaken them. Others could be in the population in working order, but
would not be adaptive now. They could lurk there, hardly noticed,  until
they are needed once more.  When they are needed they would be selected ,
and their numbers would grow. Such examples would not  demonstrate the
effect of  random variation.

             Alcohol resistance in vinegar flies  is an example of  an
allele that lurks in the population in working order.  The gene for it
exists in functional form in a small part of the population [McDonald, et
al. 1977:
Some resistant flies are in the population all the time.  Their numbers
increase when  conditions select for them.

Plants and animals hardly ever increase their numbers so much that they
exhaust their resources. They stop increasing well before they deplete
their habitat.  Animals are mobile and can disperse when they are
overcrowded, but plants require other strategies. Some plants
adjust   their seed production to their density. It has been discovered
that if plants are set close together, they will produce less seeds than if
they are set further apart.  Linseed plants, for example,  have been
reported to produce almost sixteen times as many seeds per plant when they
are set far apart as when they are set close together. Other plants react
to variations of density by varying the numbers of their leaves or the
lengths of their stems. [ Bradshaw 1965:             A Mediterranean grass
has been reported to increase its flowering by a factor of a hundred  when
it was moved from less fertile to more fertile ground
  Several species of plants vary their  stem height, stem number, and
flowering time  as conditions vary  from sunshine to shade and from wet to
dry. [ Bradshaw 1965:

  In 1967 about a hundred finches  from Laysan island were brought to a
small atoll,  Southeat Island which belongs to a group of four small
islands all within a radius of about ten miles.

             Through natural dispersion, and with some human help, the
finches spread to all four islands of the group.  When the birds were
checked in 1984  they were already found to be different from  the Laysan
finches By 1987  the population of finches  had grown to about 800.  When
the birds were first put on Southeast Island in 1967 they were all
alike.  But when they were studied twenty years later, finches on different
islands were found to differ from each other.  In particular, they were
found to have  different bill shapes.  The bills on the birds of North
Island, about 10 miles north of Southeat Island, are deeper and shorter
than those on either Southeast or Laysan.  The birds on Southeast have
longer bills than those on Laysan.

             Thomas Smith, of the University of California at Berkley,
studied an African finch in Cameroon. He found that the finches can produce
offspring having two different bill sizes. He found this to be true in all
three species of finch that he studied. The bill sizes are adaptive,   each
in its own niche. The birds with large bills  crack large hard seeds
easily, while those with small bills do so only with difficulty.  The birds
with small bills, on the other hand,  feed more efficiently on small soft
seeds than do those with large bills.  These results show that  bill size
in finches can change from one adaptive type to another with diet.

There is a cichlid fish, of species alta that preys on  large mature
guppies. The killfish preys on small immature guppies. Normally, guppies
that live with the alta  mature earlier  and produce more ands smaller
offspring than do those that live with killfish.  The Aripo River  in
Trinidad has guppies together with alta cichlids ,  and the guppies that
live there follow this rule.  Reznick and his team took 200 guppies from
the Arpo and put them in the tributary of the river that is home to the
killfish but has no cichlids and had no guppies.  Changes soon appeared in
the newly introduced guppies. The fish population soon changed to what
would normally be found in the presence of the killfish, and Reznick found
the changes to be heritable.

The full change in the guppy population was observed as soon as the first
samples were drawn, which was after only two years.  Reznick interpreted
these changes as the result of natural selection acting on variation
already in the population. The presence of the predator induced the changes
in the individual fish.
Limbs  that protrude from an animals body have more surface area per unit
mass than the rest of the body. In cold weather the animal loses more heat
per unit mass from these limbs than from other parts of the body. In may
species the tails and legs are shorter for those living in colder climates
and larger for those in warmer climates.  Gullswings  are shorter in cold
climates than in warm.  Hares and foxes also have  shorter ears in colder
climates than in warm. Eskimos have shorter arms and legs  than do people
living in  warmer climates [Collier et al. 1973:  [[Archaeologists
claim  that the relatively recent forebears of the Eskimoes were not
physically suited to an extremely cold environment as the present ones are
and that intermediate types are discernable in the archaeological record:
Sumner [1909] found that mice reared at low temperature  had shorter legs
and tails than mice reared at  higher temperatures [Johnson and Gottlieb 1990:

Glogers rule: Races of birds or mammals living  in  cool dry regions have
lighter skins than do races  of the same species living in a warm humid
area [Schreider 1964: Schreider, E., (1964). Ecological rules, body-heat
regulation, and human evolution,Ecology, vol.18, pp. 1-9.]. This is true of
humans as well.

Jodans rule:  Many species of fish tend to have more vertebrae when they
live in cold water than do the same species living in warm water. These
differences have been shown to depend on the temperature  at which the fish
have been reared .

5. Question Concerning the Acknowledgement of Judah
>  RE:  paragragh from your email on 7/19 entitled "Chapter 14, Judah"
>  I found this particular commentary interesting and went to my sources to
> see if I could come up with the same conclusion.
>  <<Before he died Israel blessed his sons. He said unto Judah "Yehudah
> Atah Yoduchah Acheecha" (Genesis 49:9) (actually Gen. 49:8?). This is
> PRAISE..." but actually in Hebrew the verse says: "Yehudah, you are he
> whom your brothers shall acknowledge the righteousness of": The key
> word  "Yoducha" [translated in the KJ as "shall praise] means
> "acknowledge the righteousness of" (I can't seem to duplicate his
> definition here??) i.e. the brothers of Judah, the other tribes, the
> tribes that went into exile and lost their identity, that did not keep
> the law are destined to acknowledge that Judah had been in the right.
><<I'm not saying that I agree or disagree with you here, but I will say
>that this did catch my eye enough to dig into further, and needless to say
>I'm struggling to come up with the same conclusion.  Perhaps is has to do
>with the language at a deeper level than I know about.  I did look in
>Strongs and it didn't give much help on this verb (not surprisingly) and
>then I looked in Brown-Driver-Briggs and still struggled with finding it
>there.  So maybe you have some revelation on this and could share it?
>  Shalom,
>Brent M

The word used is "Yoducha" constructed from the root "HDH" or HoDeH"
The new Bantam -Megiddo Hebrew-English Dictionary
Hodah (Yodeh) admit, confess, thanks

In the English-Hebrew section it has:
acknowledge vt. Hodeh be..

admit vt, vi  Hodah

The Complete English-Hebrew Dictionary by Reuben Alcalay
admit hodah
acknowledge hodeh

The Complete Hebrew-English Dictionary by Reuben Alcalay
[Yadah] Hodah  admit, confess, acknowledge, thank, glorify, praise

According to the Iben Shushan Hebrew Concordance
"Yoduchah" is found six times in the Bible.
Genesis 49:6
[Yoduchah]    THEE.     (2 times)

  [Yoduchah]  THEE? SELAH.



herec we see the KJ as consistently translating "yoducha" as "praise you".
Despite all these translations the Hebrew Commentators (Metsudos, Radak,
Rashi, Iben Ezra, etc )  all seem
to take it for granted that "yoducha" means acknowledge you, admit you were
e.g. in the last (and east obvious) example
[Yoduchah] Radak (Rabbi David Kimchi): Even types of life that lack
knowledge,  Concerning the design of your creating them and the preparation
of their sustenance will man who understands this acknowledge you; and this
will be as if they acknowledge you [yoducha].

According to my understanding "yoducha" can mean either acknowledge, admit,
own up to, confess righteousness of,
OR it can mean "give thanks to you" and even here "give thanks to" in the
sense of acknowledge the truth of".
This understanding is borne out by the Commentaries.

The "Etymological Dictionary of Biblical Hebrew Based on the Commentaries
of Samson Raphael Hirsch" by Mattityahu Clark (1999) has (p.101):
1. casting, throwing
2. acknowledging, confessing
3. giving thanks
4. paying homage
5. place site
6. open hand
9. thanks offering
10. protusion
11. providence from God's hand
12. memorial

In other words the word could be legitimately translated in several
possible ways.
I hold that the way I have translated it is consistent with that of the
opinion of the
Classical Commentators and also closer to the intent of the Hebrew original.
There are several words in Hebrew meaning "praise" (halel, shebach, etc)
and "hodu" does not seem to be one of them.
After going back over some of the sources my present impression
is that the word "Yadu" [Hodu] means either "thanks" or "ACKNOWLEDGEMENT"
and  its usage as "thanks"  is an extension of "acknowledgment".
When You thank someone you acknowledge something positive about them.

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