"Brit-Am Now"-99

1. SUCCOTH and activities
2. The Great Seal (a site well worth visiting)

1. SUCCOTH and activities
From: Jacob Richman <jrichman@jr.co.il>
...I posted on my website 75 links about Sukkot, ranging from laws and
customs to games and recipes. Site languages include English, Hebrew,
Russian, Spanish, French, Portuguese, German and Italian. The web address is

2. The Great Seal (a site well worth visiting)
From: Betty Matteson Rhodes:
Subject: Re: "Brit-Am Now"-98
 > 1. Question on National emblem of USA
There is a website {http://www.greatseal.com/}that has everything you ever
wanted to know about the great seal of the United States and it is quite
The unfinished pyramid (in Egypt) that was used as a model also has the
'eye'on the upper level, and more interesting is - it has 13 steps.

Extracts from the Site:
Whose Seal Is It?
Wall Street's, the Masons', or Yours?

The Great Seal is the official sign of sovereignty of the United States of
America. It is not a decoration on money nor a symbol that belongs to any
special group ­ past or present, covert or overt.

Its story began in 1776, more than a century and a half before it first
appeared on the one-dollar bill. Designing the Great Seal involved three
committees, six years, and several of America's most gifted founders,
representing diverse experiences and points-of-views.

The Great Seal is truly a revolutionary American creation, unique in the
world of heraldry and symbolism. ­ an original arrangement of natural
elements (eagle, olive branch, stars, cloud, light rays, eye) and universal
symbols (pyramid, arrows, shield).
Americans should know that the Great Seal is their national emblem.
Patriots honor and protect it, just as they do the Flag.

Freemasonry and Members of the Great Seal Design Committees

    1. Definitely a Mason: Benjamin Franklin.
    2. Definitely not Masons: John Adams and Charles Thomson.
    3. No firm evidence of a Masonic connection, although allegations of
such a connection have been noted: Thomas Jefferson, James Lovell, Francis
Hopkinson, Arthur Middleton, and John Rutledge.
    4. No records at all, so presumably not Masons: Pierre Du Simitie`re,
John Morin Scott, William Church Houston, Arthur Lee, Elias Boudinot, and
William Barton (although he has at times been confused with another William
Barton who was a Mason).

­ U.S. State Department*

"Use of the eye in art forms, including medallic art, as a symbol for an
omniscient and ubiquitous Deity was a well established artistic convention
quite apart from Masonic symbolism, and Du Simitie`re, an artist, would
have been aware of this.

"As to the pyramid, there was widespread interest in Egypt and things
Egyptian in the eighteenth century, and in the Library Company of
Philadelphia there was a detailed work entitled 'Pyramidographia' which
would have been available to both Hopkinson and Barton.

"It seems likely that the designers of the Great Seal and the Masons took
their symbols from parallel sources, and unlikely that the seal designers
consciously copied Masonic symbols with the intention of incorporating
Masonic symbolism into the national coat of arms."

­ U.S. State Department*

"The Great Seal of the United States is not a Masonic emblem, nor does it
contain hidden Masonic symbols. The details are there for anyone to check,
who's willing to rely on historical fact, rather than hysterical fiction.

"The interpretation of the eye on the seal is subtly different from the
interpretation used by Masons. The eye in the pyramid is not nor has it
ever been a Masonic symbol."

­ Masonic Service Association of the United States

* Richard S. Patterson and Richardson Dougall, The Eagle and the Shield: A
History of the Great Seal of the United States , 1976. Published by the
Office of the Historian, Bureau of Public Affairs, Department of State,
under the auspices of the American Revolution Bicentennial Administration.
681 pages.

[1882 Centennial medal, obverse] [1882 Centennial medal, reverse]

Continental Congress ­ June 20, 1782

The Blazon of the Great Seal of the United States
Charles Thomson's Remarks and Explanation

Congress adopted the design for the Great Seal on June 20, 1782 ­ the very
same day that its secretary, Charles Thomson submitted his recommendations.
His report consists of a blazon (written description in heraldic terms) and
his "Remarks and Explanation."

NOTE: It is this written description which is the ultimate source of
accuracy for creating an actual die (or illustration) of the Great Seal. In
the science of heraldry, the written word is used to precisely describe the
appearance of a symbolic diagram.

The Secretary of the United States in Congress assembled to whom were
referred the several reports of committees on the device for a great seal,
to take order, reports

That the Device for an Armorial Achievement & Reverse of the great seal of
the United States in Congress assembled is as follows.­

Paleways of thirteen pieces Argent and Gules: a Chief, Azure. The
Escutcheon on the breast of the American bald Eagle displayed, proper,
holding in his dexter talon an Olive branch, and in his sinister a bundle
of thirteen arrows, all proper, & in his beak a scroll, inscribed with this
Motto. "E pluribus unum".­

For the Crest
Over the head of the Eagle which appears above the Escutcheon, A Glory, Or,
breaking through a cloud, proper, & surrounding thirteen stars forming a
Constellation, Argent, on an Azure field.­

A Pyramid unfinished. In the Zenith an Eye in a triangle surrounded with a
glory proper. Over the Eye these words "Annuit Coeptis". On the base of the
pyramid the numerical letters MDCCLXXVI & underneath the following motto.
"novus ordo seclorum"

Thomson's Remarks and Explanation
The Escutcheon [shield] is composed of the chief & pale, the two most
honorable ordinaries. The Pieces, paly, represent the several states all
joined in one solid compact entire, supporting a Chief, which unites the
whole & represents Congress. The Motto alludes to this union. The pales in
the arms are kept closely united by the chief and the Chief depends upon
that union & the strength resulting from it for its support, to denote the
Confederacy of the United States of America & the preservation of their
union through Congress.

The colours of the pales are those used in the flag of the United States of
America; White signifies purity and innocence, Red, hardiness & valor, and
Blue, the colour of the Chief signifies vigilance, perseverance & justice.
The Olive branch and arrows denote the power of peace & war which is
exclusively vested in Congress. The Constellation denotes a new State
taking its place and rank among other sovereign powers. The Escutcheon is
born on the breast of an American Eagle without any other supporters to
denote that the United States of America ought to rely on their own Virtue.­

Reverse. The pyramid signifies Strength and Duration: The Eye over it & the
Motto allude to the many signal interpositions of providence in favour of
the American cause. The date underneath is that of the Declaration of
Independence and the words under it signify the beginning of the new
American ?ra, which commences from that date.­

     * Glossary of Heraldic Terms used in the Blazon argent = silver
     * azure = blue
     * chief = top part of the shield
     * dexter = right
     * gules = red
     * or = gold or yellow
     * paly, paleways, pales = vertical stripes on the shield
     * proper = the element's natural color
     * sinister = left

4. UK Contacts?
At 17:37 24/09/2002 +0100, Beck wrote:
>Please can you help explain the lack of Ephraimite response in the UK? Please.
>   We thank HaShem for your work.
>We know few who embrace the Torah[oral and written] yet on these small
>Do you have contacts here in the UK?

At the very beginning of Brit-Am we had good contacts with "British
-Israel" and  other organizations in the UK.
These contacts were promising at first but then in effect ceased to develop:
Out of the  organizations:
1. "British -Israel": We heard that anti-semitic elements in British
-Israel  were dissatisfied with a Jewish connection. With the publication
of "Ephraim" further dissatisfaction developed. On a personal level we did
make some friends among these people but they ceased to promote our
2. Another organization sold himself out to Nazis so we ceased contact.
3. A third just became quiescent.
4. The head of a fourth decided with his family to convert to Judaism and
for the time being should not necessarily complicate matters by emphasizing
his agreement with Brit-Am.

There were other groups and individuals who seemed promising and we will
attempt to revitalise our connection with them.
Apart from that we still have some good contacts:
Stephen Spikerman iin London:

Ireland - Raymond Lee - gr8yz1@indigo.ie
Ireland/UK - Dr. Clifford Smyth -(Ulster area) - phone:0044232795446

If we ever receive funding we will advertise Brit-Am in select publications
in the UK.
The UK requires a different psychological approach than the USA.