Abarbanel: The 14 Principles of Prophecy as Exlemplified by Isaiah.

Duration: 20.57 minutes

"The Fourteen Aims of Biblical Prophecy"
of Don Isaac Abarbanel

Brit-Am Foreword:
The aim of Prophecy is to induce people to repent and to draw them closer to God. Biblical Prophecy predicts and these predictions can be categorized under distinct headings. Don Isaac Abarbanel was responsible for such a categorization.
Don Isaac Abarbanel (1437-1509) at various times was a minister and advisor to the several governments of his age in Europe (Spain, Portugal, Naples, Apulia, Corfu, Venice). He admired England which at that time was still only a small, sparsely populated country - the USA did not then exist. Abarbanel was also a prominent Jewish religious authority and philosopher and a foremost Biblical commentator. 
The grandfather of Abarbanel had converted to Christianity and he had Christian relatives. This did not weaken but rather strengthened his resolve to defend Judaism against the physical and missionizing attacks of the Christian authorities who at that time severely persecuted the Jews of Spain and Portugal causing the death and coerced apostasy of a great number amongst them.
Abarbanel considered the Book of Isaiah to be the most important of the Prophetical books in the Bible. In his opinion Biblical Prophecy has 14 goals. 

There may be points on which student and scholar may not agree with Abarbanel or may wish to modify with qualification of their own. Nevertheless, Abarbanel knew his sources and it is always worth taking his opinion into account.

 Isaiah addresses all 14 goals of Prophecy whereas each of the other Prophets deal with only part of them. That is one of several reasons as to why Isaiah in the Hebrew Bible is considered the first of the Prophets.

The Fourteen Aims of Prediction

according to Don Isaac Abarbanel

as Found in the Book of Isaiah

and as exemplified today

by Yair Davidiy

The 14 Principle Aims of Biblical prediction are:

1. Divine Retribution

 That God will take revenge from those who harmed Israel.
Cf. Isaiah 18:1.
Woe to the land shadowed with buzzing wings, Which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia.

A good portion of the world today is against the Israelite Nations. They identify the Jews and the State of Israel with America and the West and vice versa. It is thought to harm the USA and Britain through harming the Jews. The Jews especially are still vulnerable and have suffered greatly in the past.

 Iran openly calls for the destruction of the State of Israel. Russia, China, and North Korea appear to be helping Iran attain nuclear capacity. All the Moslem nations in effect believe in destroying the State of Israel. Elements within the American administration, media, and ruling elites continually pressure  Israel to take steps that for Israel would be suicidal.  This was exemplified by the wicked Oslo Peace Process (1993-1994) whose horrific implications we foresaw at the time and warned against. In Europe the situation is even worse with muted criticism and pressure behind the scenes now turning into vicious open hostility. Within the State of Israel itself these advocates of self-destruction by Israel or of Intervention against Israel have allies and agents at the highest levels.

They will be punished.

2.   Vengeance from Esau.

That revenge be taken against Edom and "Batsra" e.g. Bosrah cf. Isaiah 34;6:

6 The sword of the LORD is filled with blood,
It is made overflowing with fatness,
With the blood of lambs and goats,
With the fat of the kidneys of rams.
For the LORD has a sacrifice in Bozrah,
And a great slaughter in the land of Edom.

Edom traditionally means Germany and Rome. "Batsra" was a major city of Edom. "Batsra" was often taken to mean Byzantium since in Hebrew the two names may be spelt similarly. Byzantium was located on the site of present-day Istanbul where Turkey meets Europe. Byzantium -Istanbul was also known as Constantinople. The Roman Emperor Constantine for administrative purposes divided the Empire making Byzantium the capital. Later Rome retained control of the western section of the Empire and Byzantium of the eastern. The eastern section used the Greek language (instead 0f Latin) and was dominated by Greek culture. Christianity also divided along Greek-Latin lines. Russia was converted from the Greek side. The Moslem Turks eventually overran Byzantium and so Russia came to regard itself as the guardian of Greek Orthodox Christianity and the Russian Tsars as heirs to the Eastern Roman Empire of Byzantium. The very title "Czar" (and "Kaiser") is a corruption of the Latin "Caesar". In addition to the European lines we have also traced an offshoot of Edom amongst the Japanese ruling classes. A Chinese scholar claimed Edomite antecedents for the founders of Chinese civilization. cf. Isaiah 34;1 63;1

3.   The Salvation and Redemption of Israel and the ingathering of the exiles.
Isaiah 11:11-12,
11 It shall come to pass in that day
That the Lord shall set His hand again the second time
To recover the remnant of His people who are left,
From Assyria and Mitsrayim [Egypt],
From Pathros and Cush,
From Elam and Shinar,
From Hamath and the islands of the sea.
12 He will set up a banner for the nations,
And will assemble the outcasts of Israel,
And gather together the dispersed of Judah
From the four corners of the earth.

See Also: Isaiah 18;1 26;1 35;2  40;  49;8   51;12  60;1 65;8 66;1


 The Ten Tribes had been exiled by the Assyrians and did not return in the Second Temple Era. Isaiah 11;12  24;16 [but stay tuned: In addition to the above quite a large portion of Isaiah will be seen to concern the Lost Ten Tribes].

Isaiah 24:
14 They shall lift up their voice, they shall sing; For the majesty of the LORD They shall cry aloud from the sea. 15 Therefore glorify the LORD in the dawning light, The name of the LORD God of Israel in the coastlands of the sea.

5. Coming out of Egypt as a Prototype

The future redemption will be similar in many aspects to the Redemption from Egypt
Isaiah 51:
9 Awake, awake, put on strength,
O arm of the LORD!
Awake as in the ancient days,
In the generations of old.
AreYou not the arm that cut Rahab [i.e. Egypt] apart,
And wounded the serpent?

See Also:
 Isaiah 11;11

6. There is a time limit after which Redemption has to come, deserved or not.

If we merit redemption sooner we will obtain it.
Isaiah 34:
8 For it is the day of the LORD’s vengeance,
The year of recompense for the cause of Zion.

See Also:
Isaiah 35;8 41;28, etc.

7.  That the Redemption will occur a very long time after the Exile.

Isaiah 49:
14 But Zion said, “The LORD has forsaken me,
And my Lord has forgotten me.”

8.  The Return of Prophecy

In the time of Redemption Divine Presence and Prophecy will once again be found amongst the Israelites. 

Wisdom and knowledge will increase. At present Biblical Prophecy no longer exists though cases of remarkable inspiration still occur. This however is not the same thing. Prophecy will return.

Isaiah 11:
9 They shall not hurt nor destroy in all My holy mountain,
For the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD
As the waters cover the sea.

Isaiah 40:
5 The glory of the LORD shall be revealed, And all flesh shall see it together; For the mouth of the LORD has spoken.”

Isaiah 18;4  60;1

9. Wayward Jews Return to Judaism

 In the Future Redemption all the sinners of Israel who left Judaism and assimilated amongst the Gentiles (whether by coercion or through seduction) will repent and return unto the God of their fathers.
Isaiah 43:
1 But now, thus says the LORD, who created you, O Jacob,
And He who formed you, O Israel:
“ Fear not, for I have redeemed you;
I have called you by your name;
You are Mine.

See Also:
Isaiah 59;20 60;21

10. Messiah son of David 

A king from the House of David will rule and be recognized as descended from David. He will possess wisdom and judgement.
Isaiah 11:
1 There shall come forth a Rod from the stem of Jesse,
And a Branch shall grow out of his roots.
2 The Spirit of the LORD shall rest upon Him,
The Spirit of wisdom and understanding,
The Spirit of counsel and might,
The Spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD.
3 His delight is in the fear of the LORD,
And He shall not judge by the sight of His eyes,
Nor decide by the hearing of His ears;
4 But with righteousness He shall judge the poor,
And decide with equity for the meek of the earth;
He shall strike the earth with the rod of His mouth,
And with the breath of His lips He shall slay the wicked.

See Also:
Isaiah 42:1

11.  No More Exile

After the final redemption there will be no additional exile. God will change human nature.
Isaiah 51:
22 Thus says your Lord,
The LORD and your God,
Who pleads the cause of His people:
“ See, I have taken out of your hand
The cup of trembling,
The dregs of the cup of My fury;
You shall no longer drink it.

See Also:
Isaiah 52;1  60;18

12.  Jerusalem will Teach the World

After the final Redemption most of those nations who remain will accept the God of Israel and turn to Zion for instruction.
Isaiah 22:2-4
2 Now it shall come to pass in the latter days
That the mountain of the LORD’s house
Shall be established on the top of the mountains,
And shall be exalted above the hills;
And all nations shall flow to it.
3 Many peoples shall come and say,
“Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD,
To the house of the God of Jacob;
He will teach us His ways,
And we shall walk in His paths.”
For out of Zion shall go forth the law,
And the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.
4 He shall judge between the nations,
And rebuke many peoples;
They shall beat their swords into plowshares,
And their spears into pruning hooks;
Nation shall not lift up sword against nation,
Neither shall they learn war anymore.

See Also:
Isaiah 18;1, 19;1.

13.  There will be universal peace.

This will be a true peace and not like the "peace" that has become a curse word due to evildoers.
No More Wicked disastrous "Oslo"-type Peace Process!

Isaiah 65:
25 The wolf and the lamb shall feed together,
The lion shall eat straw like the ox,
And dust shall be the serpent’s food.
They shall not hurt nor destroy in all My holy mountain,”
Says the LORD.

See Also:
Isaiah 2;4 11;6  19;23 

14.   Resurrection of the Dead

Isaiah 26:
19 Your dead shall live;
Together with my dead body they shall arise.
Awake and sing, you who dwell in dust;
For your dew is like the dew of herbs,
And the earth shall cast out the dead.

Isaiah 66:
10 “ Rejoice with Jerusalem,
And be glad with her, all you who love her;
Rejoice for joy with her, all you who mourn for her;
11 That you may feed and be satisfied
With the consolation of her bosom,
That you may drink deeply and be delighted
With the abundance of her glory.”

See Also:
Isaiah  24;1  49;13 

The Biblical Doctrine of the Resurrection of the dead is also learnt from other Biblical sources such as,
Abarbanel understands Isaiah 24:1 and 49:13 to be also referring to this even though it is not so explicitly stated as it is elsewhere in some of the other Prophets.
cf. Ezekiel 37:4-10.

'It is impossible to rightly govern the world without God or the Bible.'
  George Washington