[Psalms 60:1] O GOD, THOU HAST CAST US OFF, THOU HAST SCATTERED US, THOU HAST BEEN DISPLEASED; O TURN THYSELF TO US AGAIN.
[Psalms 60:2] THOU HAST MADE THE EARTH TO TREMBLE; THOU HAST BROKEN IT: HEAL THE BREACHES THEREOF; FOR IT SHAKETH.
[Psalms 60:3] THOU HAST SHEWED THY PEOPLE HARD THINGS: THOU HAST MADE US TO DRINK THE WINE OF ASTONISHMENT.
The Commentary of the HaMairi (1249-1315) relates that Aram had attempted to dispossess Israel from part of the Israelite heritage by the Euphrates River. There is an overlap between Aram and Edom. A setback had occurred which was about to be overcome by the forces of David achieving an overwhelming victory.
[Psalms 60:4] THOU HAST GIVEN A BANNER TO THEM THAT FEAR THEE, THAT IT MAY BE DISPLAYED BECAUSE OF THE TRUTH. SELAH.
[Psalms 60:5] THAT THY BELOVED MAY BE DELIVERED; SAVE WITH THY RIGHT HAND, AND HEAR ME.
[Psalms 60:6] GOD HATH SPOKEN IN HIS HOLINESS; I WILL REJOICE, I WILL DIVIDE SHECHEM, AND METE OUT THE VALLEY OF SUCCOTH.
[Psalms 60:7] GILEAD IS MINE, AND MANASSEH IS MINE; EPHRAIM ALSO IS THE STRENGTH OF MINE HEAD; JUDAH IS MY LAWGIVER;
Manasseh and Ephraim came to the help of David who ruled from Jerusalem in Judah. This Psalm (Rashi) is also hinting at the future ingathering of the Exiles.
[Psalms 60:8] MOAB IS MY WASHPOT; OVER EDOM WILL I CAST OUT MY SHOE: PHILISTIA, TRIUMPH THOU BECAUSE OF ME.
<<PHILISTIA, TRIUMPH THOU BECAUSE OF ME>> Hebrew: "Ali Pleshet Hitroya-ai"
<<TRIUMPH>>: Hebrew " Hitroya-ai " from the root "RA" which can mean "companion" or "exult" or "break in pieces" (see Psalm 2:9). Rashi says that Pleshet will be joined onto me.
The expression could mean "An exultation will be made over Philisitia" or "Philistia will break in pieces". This latter explanation in my opinion fitst the Hebrew best.
Philistia represents the Palestinians and others.
[Psalms 60:9] WHO WILL BRING ME INTO THE STRONG CITY? WHO WILL LEAD ME INTO EDOM?
The Capital of Europe.
[Psalms 60:10] WILT NOT THOU, O GOD, WHICH HADST CAST US OFF? AND THOU, O GOD, WHICH DIDST NOT GO OUT WITH OUR ARMIES?
[Psalms 60:11] GIVE US HELP FROM TROUBLE: FOR VAIN IS THE HELP OF MAN.
[Psalms 60:12] THROUGH GOD WE SHALL DO VALIANTLY: FOR HE IT IS THAT SHALL TREAD DOWN OUR ENEMIES.
David and Israel had suffered some misfortune but David understood that at the base of this calamity lay the seeds of victory through faith in the Almighty.