TO THE CHIEF MUSICIAN, UPON MUTH-LABEN. A PSALM OF DAVID or TO HE WHO GRANTS VICTORY, IMMORTALITY FOR THE SON, A PSALM OF DAVID.
<<IMMORTALITY FOR THE SON>>: in Hebrew "al -mut laben". We have translated
this phrase according to S. R. Hirsch but the translation is technically
difficult and somewhat forced.
The Psalm speaks in the name of all Israel. In the Bible the chosen king
(e.g. Solomon) is referred to by the Almighty as His "son" (2-Samuel 7:14,
cf Psalm 80:17). The people of Israel as a collective entity are also
referred to as the "son" of God, e.g. <<THUS SAITH THE LORD, ISRAEL IS MY
SON, EVEN MY FIRSTBORN>> [Exodus 4:22].
[Psalms 9:1] I WILL PRAISE THEE, O LORD, WITH MY WHOLE HEART; I WILL SHEW
FORTH ALL THY MARVELLOUS WORKS.
<<I WILL PRAISE>>: In Hebrew "Odeh" meaning acknowledge.
[Psalms 9:2] I WILL BE GLAD AND REJOICE IN THEE: I WILL SING PRAISE TO THY
NAME, O THOU MOST HIGH.
[Psalms 9:3] WHEN MINE ENEMIES ARE TURNED BACK, THEY SHALL FALL AND PERISH
AT THY PRESENCE.
[Psalms 9:4] FOR THOU HAST MAINTAINED MY RIGHT AND MY CAUSE; THOU SATEST IN
THE THRONE JUDGING RIGHT.
[Psalms 9:5] THOU HAST REBUKED THE HEATHEN, THOU HAST DESTROYED THE
WICKED, THOU HAST PUT OUT THEIR NAME FOR EVER AND EVER.
This Psalm was written by David. It has some pertienence to the time of
David though it also is describing what will happen after the Messiah son
of David appears. Some Commentators say the Psalm is seaking on behalf
of ALL ISRAEL in a collective sense.
[Psalms 9:6] O THOU ENEMY, DESTRUCTIONS ARE COME TO A PERPETUAL END: AND
THOU HAST DESTROYED CITIES; THEIR MEMORIAL IS PERISHED WITH THEM.
[Psalms 9:7] BUT THE LORD SHALL ENDURE FOR EVER: HE HATH PREPARED HIS
THRONE FOR JUDGMENT.
[Psalms 9:8] AND HE SHALL JUDGE THE WORLD IN RIGHTEOUSNESS, HE SHALL
MINISTER JUDGMENT TO THE PEOPLE IN UPRIGHTNESS.
[Psalms 9:9] THE LORD ALSO WILL BE A REFUGE FOR THE OPPRESSED, A REFUGE IN
TIMES OF TROUBLE.
When you are in trouble and you pray to the Almighty He will help you.
Sometimes it is difficulty to pray for psychological reasons. In such cases
even reading the Bible or efficacious works can help the point is to
somehow direct oneself towards the Almighty.
[Psalms 9:10] AND THEY THAT KNOW THY NAME WILL PUT THEIR TRUST IN THEE: FOR
THOU, LORD, HAST NOT FORSAKEN THEM THAT SEEK THEE.
If you search you will find and be helped and be of help to others.
[Psalms 9:11] SING PRAISES TO THE LORD, WHICH DWELLETH IN ZION: DECLARE
AMONG THE PEOPLE HIS DOINGS.
<<WHICH DWELLETH IN ZION>>: God makes His presence apparent though
Jerusalem and Israel. The God of Israel is the Almighty Himself. There
is no other. Only through the God of Israel can salvation be found. All the
nations MUST acknowledge the God of Israel. Israel MUST be made aware of
their own Israelite ancestral sources. We have an obligation beyond
ourselves and our own survival and that of our family.
[Psalms 9:12] WHEN HE MAKETH INQUISITION FOR BLOOD, HE REMEMBERETH THEM:
HE FORGETTETH NOT THE CRY OF THE HUMBLE.
[Psalms 9:13] HAVE MERCY UPON ME, O LORD; CONSIDER MY TROUBLE WHICH I
SUFFER OF THEM THAT HATE ME, THOU THAT LIFTEST ME UP FROM THE GATES OF
<<HAVE MERCY UPON ME>>: in Hebrew "Chanani" which (S.R. Hirsch) can mean,
"give me the means". Help me overcome if necessary by way of nature but
through your enabling me to realise my own potential. The people of
Israel are capable of solving their own problems and also those of the
entire world but first they must turn their hearts back to the
Almighty. They must be made aware of where they came from and the
corresponding duties laid upon them.
David was persecuted and in danger of his life several times. So
too, the future Messiah may initially suffer such tribulations. Also
Israel as an historic entity has been indanger saeveral times and still
is. The Jews (Judah) have also survuived numerous and continuous attempts
to eliminate them by every means possible. The enemy of Judah is the enemy
of Israel and the enemy of Israel is the enemy of Judah. The enemy of
Judah and Israel is the enemy of the Almighty.
[Psalms 9:14] THAT I MAY SHEW FORTH ALL THY PRAISE IN THE GATES OF THE
DAUGHTER OF ZION: I WILL REJOICE IN THY SALVATION.
[Psalms 9:15] THE HEATHEN ARE SUNK DOWN IN THE PIT THAT THEY MADE: IN THE
NET WHICH THEY HID IS THEIR OWN FOOT TAKEN.
Our enemies will fall in their own traps.
[Psalms 9:16] THE LORD IS KNOWN BY THE JUDGMENT WHICH HE EXECUTETH: THE
WICKED IS SNARED IN THE WORK OF HIS OWN HANDS. HIGGAION. SELAH.
<<HIGGAION>>: From the Hebrew "hegeh" meaning thought, contemplation. The
English word "though" (Old English, "thoht") is derived from the same
S.R. Hirsch explains "Higaion" to mean: "the truth that becomes
apparent"; "the truth that reveals the hand of God in history"
[Psalms 9:17] THE WICKED SHALL BE TURNED INTO HELL, AND ALL THE NATIONS
THAT FORGET GOD.
<<INTO HELL>>: In Hebrew "Sheolah", i.e. to the grave, to down below, to
destruction. "Sheolah" is from "Sheol" (grave, underworld) and perhaps
connected to the root "She-al" to borrow. This coukld indicate either a
state of limbo or of eternal perdition. The natural destiny of man
is eternal life but through sin this can be forfeited.
[Psalms 9:18] FOR THE NEEDY SHALL NOT ALWAY BE FORGOTTEN: THE EXPECTATION
OF THE POOR SHALL NOT PERISH FOR EVER.
Everything has a purpose and reason. God hears you and looks after you. He
wants you to be with Him in both this world and the next.
[Psalms 9:19] ARISE, O LORD; LET NOT MAN PREVAIL: LET THE HEATHEN BE JUDGED IN THY SIGHT.
[Psalms 9:20] PUT THEM IN FEAR, O LORD: THAT THE NATIONS MAY KNOW
THEMSELVES TO BE BUT MEN. SELAH.