|1-Samuel - 1
with Yair Davidiy
The Book of Judges ended with the destruction and partial re-constitution of the Tribe of Benjamin. The Book of Samuel describes the transition from the Period of Judges to thsat of Kings. Samuel may be considered the last of the Judges. Against his better judgement Samuel gives a king to Israel. The first king, Saul, was from the Tribe of Benjamin. Events from the early life of Saul recall the scenes of destruction of Benjamin in the period of Judges. From being an outcast tribe that all the others teamed up to war against Benjamin becomes the Tribe that provides the first real monarch of all Israel.
[1-Samuel 1:1] NOW THERE WAS A CERTAIN MAN OF RAMATHAIM-ZOPHIM, OF MOUNT EPHRAIM, AND HIS NAME WAS ELKANAH, THE SON OF JEROHAM, THE SON OF ELIHU, THE SON OF TOHU, THE SON OF ZUPH, AN EPHRATHITE:
<<RAMATHAIM-ZOPHIM>>: RAMATHAIM can mean "two hills, two heights".
<<ZOPHIM>>: Hebrew "tsophim" meaning "lookouts" but it also can mean "seers" from the singular "tsophi" i.e. he who sees. This is a name that can also be applied to a prophet. Several Midrashim are derived from the potential meanings of these words.
<<EPHRATHITE>>: he was a Levite but he dwelt in Ephraim and so was called an "Ephrati". This term could mean anyone of the following:
a. Someone who dwelt in the region of "Ephrat" in the area of Beth-Lehem in Judah which was the birthplace of David.
b. Someone from Ephraim. c. An aristocrat. Midrashim say that the term was applied to Ephraimites because they all were considered aristoctrats.
The North American type of delegated Representative Democratic Government in principle is encapsulated in the Hebrew meaning of the name Menasseh! The British on the other hand possess the characteristics of "Ephraim". The term Ephraim in Hebrew connotes the British Aristocratic system! Ephrathi in Hebrew means either someone from the Tribe of Ephraim or an aristocrat. Adapted from "Joseph ch.6 "EPHRAIM" MEANS A NATION OF ARISTOCRATS!
The second son of Joseph was named EPHRAIM whose name expresses the principle of nobility. Ephraim was to become the dominant Israelite Tribe in the British Isles. For better or for worse, Britain is distinguished from other nations by its monarchy and by its aristocrats.
"AND THE NAME OF THE SECOND CALLED HE EPHRAIM: FOR GOD HAS CAUSED ME TO BE FRUITFUL [Hebrew: "Hi-PhRa-Ni"] IN THE LAND OF MY AFFLICTION" [Genesis 41;52].
The Hebrew word "hiphrani" translated above as, "caused me to be fruitful" based on the root "pri" (i.e. "fruit") may also be rendered as "powerful" and be linked to another root "PAR" meaning bull*x. It is acceptable in Hebrew exegesis to link the same word to more than one root without contradiction. The Hebrew Language possesses an inner harmonious logic of its own. The symbol of Joseph and Ephraim was a bull. "John Bull" is a nickname for England.
Someone who belonged to the Tribe of Ephraim was known as an Eprathite i.e. in Hebrew, an "Ephrathi". This was the usual application of the term. The name "Ephrathi" however could also denote a person living in Beth-Lehem of Judah! Beth-Lehem was in an area named "Ephrath".
Eben Shushan in his authoritative Hebrew dictionary ("HaMalon HaChadash", Jerusalem, 1979, in Hebrew) lists alternative meanings for the name "Ephrathi":
"`1. EPHRATHI’ [derived from Eprath meaning Beth lehem] a dweller of Ephrath: "Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Beth lehem Judah, whose name was Jesse.." (1 Samuel 17:12).
"`2. [derived from EPHRAIM] a member of the Tribe of Ephraim: "And Jeroboam the son of Nebat, an Ephrathite.." (1 Kings 11:6).
"`3. [similised] aristocrat, honorable [so used due to the Tribe of Ephraim who were considered the greatest and most respected of Tribes]: "Every prince and great man that arose in Israel was given the name Ephrathi" (Pirkei de Rabbi Eliezer, 45).
"For they were Ephrathites, dwellers of the land and considered of refined character and humility" (Haromi, 28 530)…
"You are the sons of great men, Ephrathites of high birth, sons of the high born" (Agnon..).'"
In Talmudic (e.g. Yalkut Shimeoni 1 Samuel a;77) and Rabbinical Literature (Radak on 1 Samuel 1:1) "Ephrathi" is taken to mean someone from the Tribe of Ephraim or of noble birth or both.
Rabbi David Kimchi ("Radak" 1157 1236) quoted (in his Commentary on 1 Samuel 1:1) from much earlier sources concerning the meaning of "Ephrathi":
<<"In the mountain of Ephraim” may be exegetically explained as (hinting at) greatness and importance. "Ephrathi" said Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi means "Dweller of the Palace" [i.e. nobleman] and there are those [who explain Ephrathi to mean] an extremely great person living in holiness in Mount Ephraim.
In Britain exist two basic classes, Commoners and Nobility. Membership of the Aristocracy is acquired by birth though gifted and/or rich generous commoners may obtain an "honorary" title for the duration of their lifetime. The Legislature is comprised of the House of Commons and the House of Lords that has some limited veto rights. The Aristocracy to some extent overlaps with the ruling elite and has easier access to higher quality education and to economic advantage points. The Nobility helps its own and despite attempts (in the form of Death Taxes, etc.) to curtail its dominance it has survived and entrenched itself. In practice the average Briton probably feels he has as many or more rights and privileges as anybody else, anywhere. Nevertheless, the British system is basically an aristocratic one with good and bad characteristics of its own. The British system at its best appears to instill in its members a certain unique sense of duty and order and the ability to overcome all odds. The linguistic meaning of "Ephraim" may be taken as not only an entity governed by Aristocrats but also one in which all are aristocratic. The astonishing fact is that the lowliest Briton (or "colonial" Australian and company for that matter) often has an innate feeling of nobility and even superiority when compared with the highest of "Foreigners": He himself will not necessarily be conscious of this attitude, or at least not be prepared to talk about it but it has stood him in good stead. The British at some time or other have defeated in battle nearly every nation on earth, and once ruled over a quarter of the world! It has been realized by Political Leaders (such as Oliver Cromwell) and Thinkers in the past that like it or not certain aspects of the Aristocratic System are intrinsic expressions of the British Nation and should not be done away with.
The name "Ephraim", in Hebrew, may be taken to connote "Aristocracy" and Ephraim is the dominant tribe of aristocratic Britain. Britain is the only country in the world in which the aristocracy still means something. Even though the British may well often have been better off without the aristocracy it still exists and maybe will eventually justify itself...
Regarding Ephraim being Britain an English historical work describing the national character of Englishmen justifies our claims: <<The English working man…did not take readily to aggregate conceptions of himself…He did not want liberty as a member of a class: he wanted it as a man…His fists and his tongue were always quick to assert his independence.
<<Not clearly understanding how he had been swindled out of his birthright – home, status, and privilege – he was yet aware of the dignity of his descent. He knew himself to be as good as any man, and better.
<<…a nation of disinherited, cheery aristocrats…
<<The downtrodden wage-slave did not think of himself as such but as the rightful inheritor –as by ancestry he was – of a free tradition of transmitted privilege. He only wanted to get back his own: to be the great gentleman he knew himself to be, enjoying, generous, and carefree. [Arthur Bryant, English Saga 1840-1940, 1940, Great Britain, pp. 256-259.]
Only Britain literally fulfills the meaning of the Hebrew name "EPHRAIM" just as only the U.S.A. personifies Menasseh!
[1-Samuel 1:2] AND HE HAD TWO WIVES; THE NAME OF THE ONE WAS HANNAH, AND THE NAME OF THE OTHER PENINNAH: AND PENINNAH HAD CHILDREN, BUT HANNAH HAD NO CHILDREN.
<<HANNAH>>: From the root"chen" meaning favor or mercy. <<PENINNAH>>: A precious gem usually assumed to be a pearl.
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