Jeremiah chs. 29 to 32
The Book of Jeremiah
Chapters 29 to 32
A Biblical Commentary Courtesy of
Chapters with Brit-Am Commentary
Ch.29: The Exiles in Babylon are told to pray for the welfare of the areas they live in. God wants our good. Seek the Almighty and you shall be answered. Judah will return at the appointed time. Adulterers and false prophets are condemned.
Ch.30: Israel and Judah will return. "David" will be made king of Israel. The Exiles from Western Europe etc will return. Israel and Judah will survive. God is with them and looks after them. The oppressors and persecutors of Judah will be severely punished. There will be a restoration of Judah and Israel and a rectification will be made. Judah will be indepedent once more and Israel will be recognized as also part of the People Chose, by the Almighty
Ch.31: The Almighty will be reconciled with Israel. The Lost Tribes who are "notsrim" or Christians will return. Ephraim is the firstborn.North Country, coasts of the earth, Israel, Ephraim, and "Isles afar off", are all linked with the Chosepn People. There will be a restoration of Both Houses. Ephraim is the "AEGEL" [also propnounced as "Angle"] or bull-calf of the Almighty. The path of "megalithic" monuments (dolmens, etc) should be used to prove the Israelite Origins
of the Lost Ten Tribes. Human Nature (especially that of Israel) will be cahnged and a "New Covenent" made.
Ch. 32: Judah will repent and be Restored to his former possessions.
Chapters with Brit-Am Commentary:
[Jeremiah 29:1] NOW THESE ARE THE WORDS OF THE LETTER THAT JEREMIAH THE PROPHET
SENT FROM JERUSALEM UNTO THE RESIDUE OF THE ELDERS WHICH WERE CARRIED AWAY CAPTIVES,
AND TO THE PRIESTS, AND TO THE PROPHETS, AND TO ALL THE PEOPLE WHOM NEBUCHADNEZZAR
HAD CARRIED AWAY CAPTIVE FROM JERUSALEM TO BABYLON;
[Jeremiah 29:2] (AFTER THAT JECONIAH THE KING, AND THE QUEEN, AND THE EUNUCHS,
THE PRINCES OF JUDAH AND JERUSALEM, AND THE CARPENTERS, AND THE SMITHS, WERE DEPARTED
[Jeremiah 29:3] BY THE HAND OF ELASAH THE SON OF SHAPHAN, AND GEMARIAH THE SON
OF HILKIAH, (WHOM ZEDEKIAH KING OF JUDAH SENT UNTO BABYLON TO NEBUCHADNEZZAR KING
OF BABYLON) SAYING,
[Jeremiah 29:4] THUS SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS, THE GOD OF ISRAEL, UNTO ALL THAT
ARE CARRIED AWAY CAPTIVES, WHOM I HAVE CAUSED TO BE CARRIED AWAY FROM JERUSALEM
[Jeremiah 29:5] BUILD YE HOUSES, AND DWELL IN THEM; AND PLANT GARDENS, AND EAT
THE FRUIT OF THEM;
[Jeremiah 29:6] TAKE YE WIVES, AND BEGET SONS AND DAUGHTERS; AND TAKE WIVES FOR
YOUR SONS, AND GIVE YOUR DAUGHTERS TO HUSBANDS, THAT THEY MAY BEAR SONS AND DAUGHTERS;
THAT YE MAY BE INCREASED THERE, AND NOT DIMINISHED.
Everyone is commanded to do the best they can as they are.
“INCREASED …, AND NOT DIMINISHED”: People of Israelite descent
should strive (like everybody else) to have children.
[Jeremiah 29:7] AND SEEK THE PEACE OF THE CITY WHITHER I HAVE CAUSED YOU TO BE
CARRIED AWAY CAPTIVES, AND PRAY UNTO THE LORD FOR IT: FOR IN THE PEACE THEREOF
SHALL YE HAVE PEACE.
You have to seek the welfare of the place you dwell in even if the inhabitants
are not your own people. You have an obligation to your neighbors. Their good
is for your wellbeing.
[Jeremiah 29:8] FOR THUS SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS, THE GOD OF ISRAEL; LET NOT YOUR
PROPHETS AND YOUR DIVINERS, THAT BE IN THE MIDST OF YOU, DECEIVE YOU, NEITHER
HEARKEN TO YOUR DREAMS WHICH YE CAUSE TO BE DREAMED.
[Jeremiah 29:9] FOR THEY PROPHESY FALSELY UNTO YOU IN MY NAME: I HAVE NOT SENT
THEM, SAITH THE LORD.
[Jeremiah 29:10] FOR THUS SAITH THE LORD, THAT AFTER SEVENTY YEARS BE ACCOMPLISHED
AT BABYLON I WILL VISIT YOU, AND PERFORM MY GOOD WORD TOWARD YOU, IN CAUSING YOU
TO RETURN TO THIS PLACE.
[Jeremiah 29:11] FOR I KNOW THE THOUGHTS THAT I THINK TOWARD YOU, SAITH THE LORD,
THOUGHTS OF PEACE, AND NOT OF EVIL, TO GIVE YOU AN EXPECTED END.
[Jeremiah 29:12] THEN SHALL YE CALL UPON ME, AND YE SHALL GO AND PRAY UNTO ME,
AND I WILL HEARKEN UNTO YOU.
[Jeremiah 29:13] AND YE SHALL SEEK ME, AND FIND ME, WHEN YE SHALL SEARCH FOR ME
WITH ALL YOUR HEART.
Seek God and He will be found for you, cf. <<AND THOU, SOLOMON MY SON, KNOW
THOU THE GOD OF THY FATHER, AND SERVE HIM WITH A PERFECT HEART AND WITH A WILLING
MIND: FOR THE LORD SEARCHETH ALL HEARTS, AND UNDERSTANDETH ALL THE IMAGINATIONS
OF THE THOUGHTS: IF THOU SEEK HIM, HE WILL BE FOUND OF THEE; BUT IF THOU FORSAKE
HIM, HE WILL CAST THEE OFF FOR EVER>> [1-Chronicles 28:9] .
[Jeremiah 29:14] AND I WILL BE FOUND OF YOU, SAITH THE LORD: AND I WILL TURN AWAY
YOUR CAPTIVITY, AND I WILL GATHER YOU FROM ALL THE NATIONS, AND FROM ALL THE PLACES
WHITHER I HAVE DRIVEN YOU, SAITH THE LORD; AND I WILL BRING YOU AGAIN INTO THE
PLACE WHENCE I CAUSED YOU TO BE CARRIED AWAY CAPTIVE.
[Jeremiah 29:15] BECAUSE YE HAVE SAID, THE LORD HATH RAISED US UP PROPHETS IN
[Jeremiah 29:16] KNOW THAT THUS SAITH THE LORD OF THE KING THAT SITTETH UPON THE
THRONE OF DAVID, AND OF ALL THE PEOPLE THAT DWELLETH IN THIS CITY, AND OF YOUR
BRETHREN THAT ARE NOT GONE FORTH WITH YOU INTO CAPTIVITY;
[Jeremiah 29:17] THUS SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS; BEHOLD, I WILL SEND UPON THEM THE
SWORD, THE FAMINE, AND THE PESTILENCE, AND WILL MAKE THEM LIKE VILE FIGS, THAT
CANNOT BE EATEN, THEY ARE SO EVIL.
[Jeremiah 29:18] AND I WILL PERSECUTE THEM WITH THE SWORD, WITH THE FAMINE, AND
WITH THE PESTILENCE, AND WILL DELIVER THEM TO BE REMOVED TO ALL THE KINGDOMS OF
THE EARTH, TO BE A CURSE, AND AN ASTONISHMENT, AND AN HISSING, AND A REPROACH,
AMONG ALL THE NATIONS WHITHER I HAVE DRIVEN THEM:
This happened to the Jewish people many times in their history. The Jews were
persecuted all over the world, expelled from one place after another, persecuted
, and restricted, demeaned, disgraced, and treated with contempt everywhere. They
became an object of ridicule for people who themselves had little of substance
to be really proud of.
[Jeremiah 29:19] BECAUSE THEY HAVE NOT HEARKENED TO MY WORDS, SAITH THE LORD,
WHICH I SENT UNTO THEM BY MY SERVANTS THE PROPHETS, RISING UP EARLY AND SENDING
THEM; BUT YE WOULD NOT HEAR, SAITH THE LORD.
[Jeremiah 29:20] HEAR YE THEREFORE THE WORD OF THE LORD, ALL YE OF THE CAPTIVITY,
WHOM I HAVE SENT FROM JERUSALEM TO BABYLON:
[Jeremiah 29:21] THUS SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS, THE GOD OF ISRAEL, OF AHAB THE
SON OF KOLAIAH, AND OF ZEDEKIAH THE SON OF MAASEIAH, WHICH PROPHESY A LIE UNTO
YOU IN MY NAME; BEHOLD, I WILL DELIVER THEM INTO THE HAND OF NEBUCHADREZZAR KING
OF BABYLON; AND HE SHALL SLAY THEM BEFORE YOUR EYES;
According to tradition “AHAB THE SON OF KOLAIAH” and “ZEDEKIAH
THE SON OF MAASEIAH” were false prophets who encouraged women to do the
carnal will of each other. They went too far and tried to seduce the daughter
of Nebuchadnessar who had them executed.
[Jeremiah 29:22] AND OF THEM SHALL BE TAKEN UP A CURSE BY ALL THE CAPTIVITY OF
JUDAH WHICH ARE IN BABYLON, SAYING, THE LORD MAKE THEE LIKE ZEDEKIAH AND LIKE
AHAB, WHOM THE KING OF BABYLON ROASTED IN THE FIRE;
[Jeremiah 29:23] BECAUSE THEY HAVE COMMITTED VILLANY IN ISRAEL, AND HAVE COMMITTED
ADULTERY WITH THEIR NEIGHBOURS' WIVES, AND HAVE SPOKEN LYING WORDS IN MY NAME,
WHICH I HAVE NOT COMMANDED THEM; EVEN I KNOW, AND AM A WITNESS, SAITH THE LORD.
It is not unknown for corrupt religious leaders to be sexually immoral.
[Jeremiah 29:24] THUS SHALT THOU ALSO SPEAK TO SHEMAIAH THE NEHELAMITE, SAYING,
[Jeremiah 29:25] THUS SPEAKETH THE LORD OF HOSTS, THE GOD OF ISRAEL, SAYING, BECAUSE
THOU HAST SENT LETTERS IN THY NAME UNTO ALL THE PEOPLE THAT ARE AT JERUSALEM,
AND TO ZEPHANIAH THE SON OF MAASEIAH THE PRIEST, AND TO ALL THE PRIESTS, SAYING,
[Jeremiah 29:26] THE LORD HATH MADE THEE PRIEST IN THE STEAD OF JEHOIADA THE PRIEST,
THAT YE SHOULD BE OFFICERS IN THE HOUSE OF THE LORD, FOR EVERY MAN THAT IS MAD,
AND MAKETH HIMSELF A PROPHET, THAT THOU SHOULDEST PUT HIM IN PRISON, AND IN THE
[Jeremiah 29:27] NOW THEREFORE WHY HAST THOU NOT REPROVED JEREMIAH OF ANATHOTH,
WHICH MAKETH HIMSELF A PROPHET TO YOU?
[Jeremiah 29:28] FOR THEREFORE HE SENT UNTO US IN BABYLON, SAYING, THIS CAPTIVITY
IS LONG: BUILD YE HOUSES, AND DWELL IN THEM; AND PLANT GARDENS, AND EAT THE FRUIT
[Jeremiah 29:29] AND ZEPHANIAH THE PRIEST READ THIS LETTER IN THE EARS OF JEREMIAH
[Jeremiah 29:30] THEN CAME THE WORD OF THE LORD UNTO JEREMIAH, SAYING,
[Jeremiah 29:31] SEND TO ALL THEM OF THE CAPTIVITY, SAYING, THUS SAITH THE LORD
CONCERNING SHEMAIAH THE NEHELAMITE; BECAUSE THAT SHEMAIAH HATH PROPHESIED UNTO
YOU, AND I SENT HIM NOT, AND HE CAUSED YOU TO TRUST IN A LIE:
[Jeremiah 29:32] THEREFORE THUS SAITH THE LORD; BEHOLD, I WILL PUNISH SHEMAIAH
THE NEHELAMITE, AND HIS SEED: HE SHALL NOT HAVE A MAN TO DWELL AMONG THIS PEOPLE;
NEITHER SHALL HE BEHOLD THE GOOD THAT I WILL DO FOR MY PEOPLE, SAITH THE LORD;
BECAUSE HE HATH TAUGHT REBELLION AGAINST THE LORD.
[Jeremiah 30:1] THE WORD THAT CAME TO JEREMIAH FROM THE LORD, SAYING,
[Jeremiah 30:2] THUS SPEAKETH THE LORD GOD OF ISRAEL, SAYING, WRITE THEE ALL THE
WORDS THAT I HAVE SPOKEN UNTO THEE IN A BOOK.
[Jeremiah 30:3] FOR, LO, THE DAYS COME, SAITH THE LORD, THAT I WILL BRING AGAIN
THE CAPTIVITY OF MY PEOPLE ISRAEL AND JUDAH, SAITH THE LORD: AND I WILL CAUSE
THEM TO RETURN TO THE LAND THAT I GAVE TO THEIR FATHERS, AND THEY SHALL POSSESS
Jeremiah is prophesying about the Lost Ten Tribes and Judah, i.e. “THE CAPTIVITY
OF MY PEOPLE ISRAEL AND JUDAH”: They will return. This is what God has promised.
[Jeremiah 30:4] AND THESE ARE THE WORDS THAT THE LORD SPAKE CONCERNING ISRAEL
AND CONCERNING JUDAH.
God spoke about the Lost Ten Tribes and about the Jews as two separate entities
that nevertheless on a spiritual psychological level are connected.
[Jeremiah 30:5] FOR THUS SAITH THE LORD; WE HAVE HEARD A VOICE OF TREMBLING, OF
FEAR, AND NOT OF PEACE.
[Jeremiah 30:6] ASK YE NOW, AND SEE WHETHER A MAN DOTH TRAVAIL WITH CHILD? WHEREFORE
DO I SEE EVERY MAN WITH HIS HANDS ON HIS LOINS, AS A WOMAN IN TRAVAIL, AND ALL
FACES ARE TURNED INTO PALENESS?
The effects of nuclear radiation or of biochemical warfare could produce the described
reactions. When I was young I had peritonitis (an appendix that exploded) so I
have an inkling of what could happen.
[Jeremiah 30:7] ALAS! FOR THAT DAY IS GREAT, SO THAT NONE IS LIKE IT: IT IS EVEN
THE TIME OF JACOB'S TROUBLE, BUT HE SHALL BE SAVED OUT OF IT.
According to the Zohar on this verse: The Messiah will be revealed in the Galilee,
wars will be stirred up in the world; all the nations of the earth will join together
to drive the Daughter of Jacob (i.e. Israel and the Jews) out of the world i.e.
out of existence).
cf. also: Midrash HaGadol (VaYatzei p.539): <<IT IS EVEN THE TIME OF JACOB'S
TROUBLE, BUT HE SHALL BE SAVED OUT OF IT. There is no harder time for Israel than
the War of Gog and Magog. There is no trouble like it, as it says about it: IT
IS EVEN THE TIME OF JACOB'S TROUBLE, BUT HE SHALL BE SAVED OUT OF IT. They will
not be saved at that time other than by virtue of Joseph>>.
[Jeremiah 30:8] FOR IT SHALL COME TO PASS IN THAT DAY, SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS,
THAT I WILL BREAK HIS YOKE FROM OFF THY NECK, AND WILL BURST THY BONDS, AND STRANGERS
SHALL NO MORE SERVE THEMSELVES OF HIM:
“I WILL BREAK HIS YOKE FROM OFF THY NECK”: The Idol Worshippers will
no longer oppress Israel (Rashi).
[Jeremiah 30:9] BUT THEY SHALL SERVE THE LORD THEIR GOD, AND DAVID THEIR KING,
WHOM I WILL RAISE UP UNTO THEM.
“DAVID THEIR KING”: Some say it means a resurrected David; others
say a descendant of David; others say there will be a future Messiah descended
from David who will rule alongside a resurrected David who will serve as his deputy.
In my opinion it means a physical descendant of David who will be the very personification
of David and maybe even in some way a reincarnation of him.
[Jeremiah 30:10] THEREFORE FEAR THOU NOT, O MY SERVANT JACOB, SAITH THE LORD;
NEITHER BE DISMAYED, O ISRAEL: FOR, LO, I WILL SAVE THEE FROM AFAR, AND THY SEED
FROM THE LAND OF THEIR CAPTIVITY; AND JACOB SHALL RETURN, AND SHALL BE IN REST,
AND BE QUIET, AND NONE SHALL MAKE HIM AFRAID.
Here “Israel” and “Jacob” are juxtaposed. This usually
denotes both the Lost Ten Tribes and Judah together.
The Midrash Tanchuma applied this verse to the Exiles in Spain and Gaul and their neighbors meaning in Western Europe in general.
[Jeremiah 30:11] FOR I AM WITH THEE, SAITH THE LORD, TO SAVE THEE: THOUGH I MAKE
A FULL END OF ALL NATIONS WHITHER I HAVE SCATTERED THEE, YET I WILL NOT MAKE A
FULL END OF THEE: BUT I WILL CORRECT THEE IN MEASURE, AND WILL NOT LEAVE THEE
The scattered of Israel usually refers to the Jews of Judah. The Jews were scattered
all over whereas the Lost Ten Tribes were cast out as a group to a few areas,
[Isaiah 11:12] HE WILL RAISE AN ENSIGN FOR THE NATIONS, AND WILL ASSEMBLE THE
OUTCASTS OF ISRAEL, AND GATHER THE DISPERSED OF JUDAH FROM THE FOUR CORNERS OF
OUTCASTS OF ISRAEL, = The Lost Ten Tribes who will be found gathered together
in specific areas.
THE DISPERSED OF JUDAH i.e. the Jews who are scattered all over the world.
All those who oppressed the “scattered” of Judah in her time of Exile
will be punished.
[Jeremiah 30:12] FOR THUS SAITH THE LORD, THY BRUISE IS INCURABLE, AND THY WOUND
[Jeremiah 30:13] THERE IS NONE TO PLEAD THY CAUSE, THAT THOU MAYEST BE BOUND UP:
THOU HAST NO HEALING MEDICINES.
[Jeremiah 30:14] ALL THY LOVERS HAVE FORGOTTEN THEE; THEY SEEK THEE NOT; FOR I
HAVE WOUNDED THEE WITH THE WOUND OF AN ENEMY, WITH THE CHASTISEMENT OF A CRUEL
ONE, FOR THE MULTITUDE OF THINE INIQUITY; BECAUSE THY SINS WERE INCREASED.
[Jeremiah 30:15] WHY CRIEST THOU FOR THINE AFFLICTION? THY SORROW IS INCURABLE
FOR THE MULTITUDE OF THINE INIQUITY: BECAUSE THY SINS WERE INCREASED, I HAVE DONE
THESE THINGS UNTO THEE.
[Jeremiah 30:16] THEREFORE ALL THEY THAT DEVOUR THEE SHALL BE DEVOURED; AND ALL
THINE ADVERSARIES, EVERY ONE OF THEM, SHALL GO INTO CAPTIVITY; AND THEY THAT SPOIL
THEE SHALL BE A SPOIL, AND ALL THAT PREY UPON THEE WILL I GIVE FOR A PREY.
[Jeremiah 30:17] FOR I WILL RESTORE HEALTH UNTO THEE, AND I WILL HEAL THEE OF
THY WOUNDS, SAITH THE LORD; BECAUSE THEY CALLED THEE AN OUTCAST, SAYING, THIS
IS ZION, WHOM NO MAN SEEKETH AFTER.
[Jeremiah 30:18] THUS SAITH THE LORD; BEHOLD, I WILL BRING AGAIN THE CAPTIVITY
OF JACOB'S TENTS, AND HAVE MERCY ON HIS DWELLINGPLACES; AND THE CITY SHALL BE
BUILDED UPON HER OWN HEAP, AND THE PALACE SHALL REMAIN AFTER THE MANNER THEREOF.
<<Rabbi Yochanan said: Jerusalem is destined to reach the gates of Damascus,
“THE CITY SHALL BE BUILDED UPON HER OWN HEAP” (Yalkut Shimeoni 2;
[Jeremiah 30:19] AND OUT OF THEM SHALL PROCEED THANKSGIVING AND THE VOICE OF THEM
THAT MAKE MERRY: AND I WILL MULTIPLY THEM, AND THEY SHALL NOT BE FEW; I WILL ALSO
GLORIFY THEM, AND THEY SHALL NOT BE SMALL.
[Jeremiah 30:20] THEIR CHILDREN ALSO SHALL BE AS AFORETIME, AND THEIR CONGREGATION
SHALL BE ESTABLISHED BEFORE ME, AND I WILL PUNISH ALL THAT OPPRESS THEM.
[Jeremiah 30:21] AND THEIR NOBLES SHALL BE OF THEMSELVES, AND THEIR GOVERNOR SHALL
PROCEED FROM THE MIDST OF THEM; AND I WILL CAUSE HIM TO DRAW NEAR, AND HE SHALL
APPROACH UNTO ME: FOR WHO IS THIS THAT ENGAGED HIS HEART TO APPROACH UNTO ME?
SAITH THE LORD.
[Jeremiah 30:22] AND YE SHALL BE MY PEOPLE, AND I WILL BE YOUR GOD.
First Israel will begin to acknowledge God and become His people then God will
acknowledge them and make Himself known unto them.
[Jeremiah 30:23] BEHOLD, THE WHIRLWIND OF THE LORD GOETH FORTH WITH FURY, A CONTINUING
WHIRLWIND: IT SHALL FALL WITH PAIN UPON THE HEAD OF THE WICKED.
[Jeremiah 30:24] THE FIERCE ANGER OF THE LORD SHALL NOT RETURN, UNTIL HE HATH
DONE IT, AND UNTIL HE HAVE PERFORMED THE INTENTS OF HIS HEART: IN THE LATTER DAYS
YE SHALL CONSIDER IT.
This will all happen in the Latter Times.
Parts of the following commentary on Jeremiah 31 are adapted from the book “Ephraim”
by Yair Davidi. We have since gone through additional commentaries and reconsidered
the sources. New evidence has been added that strengthen our initial conclusions.
It should be emphasized that this chapter is very important and contains within vital information
[Jeremiah 31:1] AT THE SAME TIME, SAITH THE LORD, WILL I BE THE GOD OF ALL THE
FAMILIES OF ISRAEL, AND THEY SHALL BE MY PEOPLE.
This is referring to the time of reconciliation when God will once again acknowledge
the Lost Ten Tribes as HIS people and they will return and accept HIM.
[Jeremiah 31:2] THUS SAITH THE LORD, THE PEOPLE WHICH WERE LEFT OF THE SWORD FOUND
GRACE IN THE WILDERNESS; EVEN ISRAEL, WHEN I WENT TO CAUSE HIM TO REST.
Isaac Abarbanel (1435-1509): <<The prophecy from the expression FOUND GRACE
IN THE WILDERNESS (31:2) to HEAR THE WORD OF THE LORD, O YE NATIONS deals with
the Future Redemption. It may be divided into three parts: (1) from its beginning
till the end of [Jeremiah 31:22] speaks of the ingathering of the Ten Tribes and
their return to settle in their land, (2) The second part from [Jeremiah 31:23]
THUS SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS, THE GOD OF ISRAEL; AS YET THEY SHALL USE THIS SPEECH
IN THE LAND OF JUDAH till the end of (31:26) speaks of the Redemption of Judah.
(3) The third part from [Jeremiah 31:27] BEHOLD, THE DAYS COME, SAITH THE LORD,
THAT I WILL SOW THE HOUSE OF ISRAEL AND THE HOUSE OF JUDAH till the end of (31:37)
speaks of the unification of the two kingdoms of Israel and Judah.>>
[Jeremiah 31:3] THE LORD HATH APPEARED OF OLD UNTO ME, SAYING, YEA, I HAVE LOVED
THEE WITH AN EVERLASTING LOVE: THEREFORE WITH LOVINGKINDNESS HAVE I DRAWN THEE.
[Jeremiah 31:4] AGAIN I WILL BUILD THEE, AND THOU SHALT BE BUILT, O VIRGIN OF
ISRAEL: THOU SHALT AGAIN BE ADORNED WITH THY TABRETS, AND SHALT GO FORTH IN THE
DANCES OF THEM THAT MAKE MERRY.
[Jeremiah 31:5] THOU SHALT YET PLANT VINES UPON THE MOUNTAINS OF SAMARIA: THE
PLANTERS SHALL PLANT, AND SHALL EAT THEM AS COMMON THINGS.
[Jeremiah 31:6] FOR THERE SHALL BE A DAY, THAT THE WATCHMEN UPON THE MOUNT EPHRAIM
SHALL CRY, ARISE YE, AND LET US GO UP TO ZION UNTO THE LORD OUR GOD.
The Lost Ten Tribes from the “Mountain” of Ephraim will decide to
return to Zion and to their God, the God of their fathers, i.e. the God of Israel.
Buleh (“Daat Mikra”) points out when the Northern Ten Tribes under
Jeroboam split away from Judah their going up to Jerusalem was forbidden, e. g.
<WHEREUPON THE KING [i.e. Jeroboam] TOOK COUNSEL, AND MADE TWO CALVES OF GOLD,
AND SAID UNTO THEM, IT IS TOO MUCH FOR YOU TO GO UP TO JERUSALEM: BEHOLD THY GODS,
O ISRAEL, WHICH BROUGHT THEE UP OUT OF THE LAND OF EGYPT>> [1-Kings 12:28].
According to tradition the last King of Northern Israel, Hoshea, allowed those
of his people who wished to make the pilgrimage to Jerusalem to do so. By that
time however it was too late and most of his people did not return. In the future
this will change and the Lost Ten Tribes will want to return. The word translated
above as “WATCHMEN” (THE WATCHMEN UPON THE MOUNT EPHRAIM in Jeremiah
31:6) in Hebrew is “Notsrim”. This term in Hebrew came to mean “Christian”
and Jeremiah was in fact prophesying that the Lost Ten Tribes in the latter Times
would be Christians prior to their return, as explained at length in “Ephraim”
by Yair Davidi chapter nine.
[Jeremiah 31:7] FOR THUS SAITH THE LORD; SING WITH GLADNESS FOR JACOB, AND SHOUT
AMONG THE CHIEF OF THE NATIONS: PUBLISH YE, PRAISE YE, AND SAY, O LORD, SAVE THY
PEOPLE, THE REMNANT OF ISRAEL.
[Jeremiah 31:8] BEHOLD, I WILL BRING THEM FROM THE NORTH COUNTRY, AND GATHER THEM
FROM THE COASTS OF THE EARTH, AND WITH THEM THE BLIND AND THE LAME, THE WOMAN
WITH CHILD AND HER THAT TRAVAILETH WITH CHILD TOGETHER: A GREAT COMPANY SHALL
“FROM THE NORTH COUNTRY”: Most of the Lost Ten Tribes will be in the
North, i.e. BUT, THE LORD LIVETH, THAT BROUGHT UP THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL FROM
THE LAND OF THE NORTH, AND FROM ALL THE LANDS WHITHER HE HAD DRIVEN THEM: AND
I WILL BRING THEM AGAIN INTO THEIR LAND THAT I GAVE UNTO THEIR FATHERS”
[Jeremiah 16:15]. They will be mostly to the North of the Land of Israel but also
in other places. We pointed out that to the north meant Northern Europe and North
America that was referred to as ‘The Great North Land” in Phoenician
writings according to Barry Fell. The Lost Ten Tribes would also be ingathered
“FROM THE COASTS OF THE EARTH”. The word translated as “COASTS”
in Hebrew is “Yarctei” meaning literally thighs. Buleh points out
that this word is synonymous with “ends of the earth”. It was prophesied
frequently that the Lost Tribes would be in the “ends” or geographical
extremities of the Continental masses, as indeed they are in every case, e.g.
Western Europe, Scandinavia, Britain, North America, Australia, South Africa.
It may be a bit fanciful to mention but if you look at a map of North America
it does look somewhat similar to a thigh.
They will return by plane and by ship. It may well be similar to how the Ethiopian
Jews returned to Israel. We saw pictures of women who had given birth in flight:
i.e. HER THAT TRAVAILETH WITH CHILD. This type of transport in which everybody
could be safely conducted was not possible until modern times.
“North Country” and “Coasts of the Earth” regarding the
Latter Day Era of our own time refers to North America, Western Europe, Australia,
New Zealand, South Africa, and like places. Even in the time of Jeremiah these
expressions could refer to areas in Northern Europe. A related expression connected
with the Lost Ten Tribes is “ends of the earth” (Genesis 33;13, Isaiah
41;8,9,13). This expression too in ancient times could relate to northern regions:
<In innumerable places Egyptian, Hebrew, Babylonian, Greek, and Latin writings
refer to the most northerly lands as ‘the ends of the earth’> (Jurgen
“The Egyptians saw the world as divided into nine bows which correspond
roughly to the modern concept of meridians of latitude…. Pliny the Elder
said that the ninth division of the world goes ‘across the Hyperboreans’
(i.e. the Cimbrian peninsula present-day Jutland [in Denmark]).. ‘with a
seventeen hour day’ (at its longest). F.A. Ukert pointed out long ago that
this method of dividing the world was taken from the Egyptians and that the ‘ninth
bow’ corresponds to the area between latitudes 52 and 57…Between these
latitudes lie north Germany, Denmark, and southern Scandinavia” (Jurgen
[Jeremiah 31:9] THEY SHALL COME WITH WEEPING, AND WITH SUPPLICATIONS WILL I LEAD
THEM: I WILL CAUSE THEM TO WALK BY THE RIVERS OF WATERS IN A STRAIGHT WAY, WHEREIN
THEY SHALL NOT STUMBLE: FOR I AM A FATHER TO ISRAEL, AND EPHRAIM IS MY FIRSTBORN.
<<I AM A FATHER TO ISRAEL, AND EPHRAIM IS MY FIRSTBORN>>: God will
return and acknowledge the Lost Ten Tribes as His people alongside Judah. This
will be known to all. The Lost Ten Tribes will no longer be “lost”.
At present they are “Lost”: Most of them are not aware of their true
Israelite identity and this identitiy is not known to others.
<<God says to Israel, You are my sons and I am your father, as it says [Deuteronomy
14:1] YE ARE THE CHILDREN OF THE LORD YOUR GOD. I am your father as it says, I
AM A FATHER TO ISRAEL. It is honorable for the children to be with their father
and it is an honor for the father to be with his children>>. (Shemot Rabah
[Jeremiah 31:10] HEAR THE WORD OF THE LORD, O YE NATIONS, AND DECLARE IT IN THE
ISLES AFAR OFF, AND SAY, HE THAT SCATTERED ISRAEL WILL GATHER HIM, AND KEEP HIM,
AS A SHEPHERD DOTH HIS FLOCK.
[Jeremiah 31:11] FOR THE LORD HATH REDEEMED JACOB, AND RANSOMED HIM FROM THE HAND
OF HIM THAT WAS STRONGER THAN HE.
Notice the linkage of North Country, coasts of the earth, Israel, Ephraim, and
"Isles afar off".
[Jeremiah 31:12] THEREFORE THEY SHALL COME AND SING IN THE HEIGHT OF ZION, AND
SHALL FLOW TOGETHER TO THE GOODNESS OF THE LORD, FOR WHEAT, AND FOR WINE, AND
FOR OIL, AND FOR THE YOUNG OF THE FLOCK AND OF THE HERD: AND THEIR SOUL SHALL
BE AS A WATERED GARDEN; AND THEY SHALL NOT SORROW ANY MORE AT ALL.
[Jeremiah 31:13] THEN SHALL THE VIRGIN REJOICE IN THE DANCE, BOTH YOUNG MEN AND
OLD TOGETHER: FOR I WILL TURN THEIR MOURNING INTO JOY, AND WILL COMFORT THEM,
AND MAKE THEM REJOICE FROM THEIR SORROW.
[Jeremiah 31:14] AND I WILL SATIATE THE SOUL OF THE PRIESTS WITH FATNESS, AND
MY PEOPLE SHALL BE SATISFIED WITH MY GOODNESS, SAITH THE LORD.
Jeremiah (31;15-17) below speaks of Rachel, the mother of the Tribes of Joseph
and Benjamin who is pictured as having wept when her descendants were taken into
exile from Rama in the territory of Ephraim. She is told to be comforted for the
work has been done. The historical task of the Lost Ten Tribes in exile will have
been fulfilled. The children will be coming home to their own territory from the
land of the enemy.
[Jeremiah 31:15] THUS SAITH THE LORD; A VOICE WAS HEARD IN RAMAH, LAMENTATION,
AND BITTER WEEPING; RAHEL WEEPING FOR HER CHILDREN REFUSED TO BE COMFORTED FOR
HER CHILDREN, BECAUSE THEY WERE NOT.
The Lost Ten Tribes were exiled and did not return to the Land of Israel. Neither
were they re-united with Judah. They lost their Identity. In the End Times they
[Jeremiah 31:16] THUS SAITH THE LORD; REFRAIN THY VOICE FROM WEEPING, AND THINE
EYES FROM TEARS: FOR THY WORK SHALL BE REWARDED, SAITH THE LORD; AND THEY SHALL
COME AGAIN FROM THE LAND OF THE ENEMY.
[Jeremiah 31:17] AND THERE IS HOPE IN THINE END, SAITH THE LORD, THAT THY CHILDREN
SHALL COME AGAIN TO THEIR OWN BORDER.
The Tribes of Israel will return to the inheritances of their forefathers.
Malbim: << AND THERE IS HOPE IN THINE END: There is hope for the Last Days,
in the End Time. THY CHILDREN SHALL COME AGAIN TO THEIR OWN BORDER: Meaning that
even though the Lost Ten Tribes who were exiled will not return themselves, their
descendants in the End Time will return to their boundary. Here it does not say
they will return from THE LAND OF THE ENEMY [as it does for Judah in Jeremiah
31:16 above] for the Ten Tribes are not in the Land of the enemy but they dwell
alone in a land faraway from their boundary. They will return at the last to their
[Jeremiah 31:18] I HAVE SURELY HEARD EPHRAIM BEMOANING HIMSELF THUS; THOU HAST
CHASTISED ME, AND I WAS CHASTISED, AS A BULLOCK UNACCUSTOMED TO THE YOKE: TURN
THOU ME, AND I SHALL BE TURNED; FOR THOU ART THE LORD MY GOD.
The word used for "young bull" (i.e. "bullock") in Hebrew
is "AEGEL". Historically this very name "Aegel" was a diminutive
(favorite nickname) for the ethnic term "Angle". The Angles gave England
(i.e. “Angle-land”) its name. Together with the Saxons, Jutes, Vandals,
and others the Angles conquered from the Celts the land that was later named England.
The Angles were also called “Aegels”. The appellations “Angle”
and “Aegel” were employed interchangeably. The Hebrew word for young
bull is "Aegel". Rashi (Rabbi Shlomo Yistchaki 1040-1105 CE) was the
foremost Medieval Jewish Commentator. In commentating on this verse (Jeremiah
31;18) Rashi states that the Hebrew word “Aegel” (Young Bull) was
a name applied to Ephraim. This was another name applied to the English. The English
now nickname themselves "John Bull". This is an important point: the
verse is strongly indicating that the English (Angles) are to be identified with
Ephraim shall return. The process of return, it is inferred, will begin when a
feeling of the need for repentance will just begin to be aroused. This feeling
will make itself felt in great intensity after the return is under way. Ephraim
reproaches himself for the sins of his youth.
[Jeremiah 31:19] SURELY AFTER THAT I WAS TURNED, I REPENTED; AND AFTER THAT I
WAS INSTRUCTED, I SMOTE UPON MY THIGH: I WAS ASHAMED, YEA, EVEN CONFOUNDED, BECAUSE
I DID BEAR THE REPROACH OF MY YOUTH.
Buleh points out that in one’s youth a person often does things he later
regrets. When he gets older and wiser he realizes the depth of his mistakes. This
happens to many people and it is the way of the world to be forgiving towards
the mistakes of youth when the offender is repentant. At least it is expected
that some understanding be shown and youthful offences forgiven, cf.
<<REMEMBER NOT THE SINS OF MY YOUTH, NOR MY TRANSGRESSIONS: ACCORDING TO
THY MERCY REMEMBER THOU ME FOR THY GOODNESS' SAKE, O LORD>> [Psalms 25:7].
<FOR THOU WRITEST BITTER THINGS AGAINST ME, AND MAKEST ME TO POSSESS THE INIQUITIES
OF MY YOUTH>> [Job 13:26].
[Jeremiah 31:20] IS EPHRAIM MY DEAR SON? IS HE A PLEASANT CHILD? FOR SINCE I SPAKE
AGAINST HIM, I DO EARNESTLY REMEMBER HIM STILL: THEREFORE MY BOWELS ARE TROUBLED
FOR HIM; I WILL SURELY HAVE MERCY UPON HIM, SAITH THE LORD.
<EPHRAIM MY DEAR SON. Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi said: [the word “Ephraim”
means] someone who grew up in a palace [i.e. a noble]. Rabbi Yehoshua ben Nachman
said: [the word “Ephraim” means] a master and governor. Said Rabbi
Pinchas, our forefather Jacob when he passed away coronated Ephraim with a crown
and made him the head of the tribes, the chief of the assembly, the most handsome
and exalted of my descendants will be called by his name.>> (YaYikra Rabah
This Midrash refers to the fact that the very name “Ephraim” connotes
nobility (as explained at length in our work “Ephraim”) whereas “Menasseh”
connotes representative Accountable Democracy. Ephraim dominates Britain and Menasseh
is prevalent in the USA. Ephraim (nobility, the aristocratic principle of government)
still prevails in Britain whereas the democratic Principle is paramount in the
<IS EPHRAIM MY DEAR SON?>> In Hebrew “HaBen Yakar li Ephraim”
and this verse is the theme of a very beautiful song. “A PLEASANT CHILD”
in Hebrew “Yeled HaShashuim”, the child of delights, of playing; also
translatable as “playboy”. Ephraim was a sinner but he had an historical
role to play and very often he played it well.
The following verse (31;21) in Jeremiah refers to dolmens which are large stones
set table fashion over others and often covered by large piles of rocks and stone.
The dolmens and other related stone monuments form a connecting link between Israel,
Britain, West France, and Scandinavia. More dolmens (over 5000!) have been found
in Denmark than in any other country. On the other hand the oldest dolmens are
believed to be those of Israel. More than 20,000 megalithic monuments of all types
(including dolmens) have been found in the Land of Israel especially on the eastern
"Jordanian" side since for various reasons those on the west were destroyed
by local inhabitants. The verse in effects links “dolmens” with “Ephraim”.
[Jeremiah 31:21] SET THEE UP WAYMARKS, MAKE THEE HIGH HEAPS: SET THINE HEART TOWARD
THE HIGHWAY, EVEN THE WAY WHICH THOU WENTEST: TURN AGAIN, O VIRGIN OF ISRAEL,
TURN AGAIN TO THESE THY CITIES.
Hofman (“Olam HaTanach”): <<The Prophet calls upon the Exiles
to indicate with special signs their pathway into Exile, in order that they may
quickly return to the land by the path they went in. This method of marking a
pathway is practiced unto this day…How would they know to find the way in
Biblical Times? How would they describe the way of journey or the border line?
It appears that in Biblical times to was accepted practice to make note of prominent
Abarbanel: <<The prophet therefore spoke concerning the Kingdom of Israel
[of the Ten Tribes] SET THEE UP WAYMARKS saying that when you g into Exile make
signs by the routes and waymarks like piles of rocks [i.e. cairns] or stone monuments
[Hebrew: Matzavah, i.e. dolmen] so that you may set your heart to the route and
remember in order that you may return in the way you went in, return to your city.>>
The “WAYMARKS” the Prophet is referring to were megalithic monuments.
These monuments we believe were set up by Israelites and we have some proof for
this belief. Even however if the monuments in question were not set up by Israelites
but had existed previously the fact remains that they happened to all lie along
the path of Israelite migration westward. It is this fact that Jeremiah is telling
the Israelites (i.e. he is telling us) to take note of.
The word translated above as "WAYMARKS" in the original Hebrew is "Tzionim"
which strictly speaking means "signs" but in spoken Hebrew is usually
used to denote a stone erection marking a grave or event.
The most literal explanation of this verse amongst the Classical Authoritative
Rabbinical Commentators is that given by the "Radak" (Rabbi David Kimchi,
1157-1236) of Narbonne, France. The Radak says:
"SET YOURSELF UP WAYMARKS" (Jeremiah 31): This was directed to the Community
of Israel, that in the generation when they would be exiled they should set up
waymarks [i.e. "tsionim"] such as PILED-UP STONES OR STONE MONUMENTS.
The purpose of these monuments was to mark the paths [of migration for the sake
of future recognition]. The meaning was to say that even though you will be exiled,
hope is not lost and you are still destined to return to these your cities. "MAKE
YOURSELF HIGH HEAPS" [Hebrew: "tamrurim"]. The same message is
repeated though the wording is changed since both "tamrurim" [i.e. "high
heaps"] and "tsionim" (i.e. "waymarks") connote elevated-height
[from the root "tamar"]...
Bearing in mind that according to the previous verse (31;20) Jeremiah is addressing
himself to Ephraim, the verse in Jeremiah 31;21 may therefore be understood to
"Set yourself up stone monuments [menhirs, dolmens] and high heaps of stones
[cairns] [i.e. “Megalithic” monuments!]. Set your heart towards the
prepared way: The way in which you went. Turn back o virgin of Israel, return
unto these cities of yours.
The mode of expression employed by the Prophet should be understood differently
from that used by Moses. When Moses gave a commandment it had to be obeyed. When
the prophets issue an order concerning future action it means they are predicting
what will happen. They are telling us what must be learned from this action. Jeremiah
is saying that (for whatever reason) the exiled Israelites will have stone monuments
set up. Through these monuments Jeremiah predicts that it will be possible in
the future to learn of the Israelite paths of migration away from the Land of
Israel. Once this is learned it will serve as a means by which they may be persuaded
to return. The inferred commandment to the exiles to erect "Tsionim"
is therefore applicable to the dolmens and other so called "Stone Age"
("Megalithic") monuments. Many of these monuments date from the Bronze
and Iron Age periods. They are mentioned in the Bible as being set up by the Hebrew
Patriarchs and Judges as well as by others.
The ancient Israelites were always familiar with bronze and iron utensils but
it should be noted that in some cases the use of stone only was enforced. An altar
had to be erected of whole unhewn stones (Exodus 20;22); "An altar of whole
stones over which no man hath lift up any iron" (Joshua 8;31). Joshua was
commanded to circumcise Israelites born in the wilderness with "knives of
flint" (Joshua 5;2-3). The Hebrew has "Charvoth Tsurim" which the
KJ imprecisely translates as "sharp knives". "Tsur" means
flint or sharp stone.
Dolmens and related monuments are found in the Land of Israel, in Jordan, in the
Caucasus, in Spain, Brittany (France), Britain, and Scandinavia.
There are several types of dolmens and examples have also been reported from Ethiopia,
Japan and India. Eastern dolmens are somewhat different from those of Israel and
the west. Even so in India the dolmens are linked with legends of green-eyed Vikings
and with the Lost Ten Tribes. The type of dolmen found in the area of ancient
Israel (on both sides of the Jordan River) is the same as that found in Western
"The megalithic dolmens found in the Golan and Galilee are table like structures
composed of two vertical basalt blocks roofed by large rock slabs. A heap of stones
usually covered the dolmens, creating a tumulus. Such structures are known in
Transjordan from the Chalcolithic period, but in the Golan and Galilee they definitely
date to EB [i.e. Early Bronze] IV /MB [Middle Bronze] I...These dolmens recall
similar megalithic burial structures known throughout Europe in the Bronze Age,
but the significance of this resemblance is unclear". A. MAZAR, Archaeology
of the Land of the Bible, U.S.A. 1990. p.160.
The conventional dating applied in Europe to dolmens and the like is too early.
Most Megaltihic monuments in Western Europe were erected in the Late Bronze or
Early Iron Age after the Israelites had been exiled. People of Israelite origin
erected them! In archaeological and historical studies of Western Europe dolmens
are associated with the Celtic Druids. Wherever Celts and Druids were found together,
so too, were there dolmens.
Iron age artifacts are frequently found together with or in the vicinity of dolmens.
Iron was largely introduced to Europe after 700 BCE with the coming of the Celts.
Through Dolmens a good case may be made for tracing the migrations of the Lost
Ten Tribes to Western Europe. The quoted verse of Jeremiah may well be understood
in this sense.
The word "Tamrurim" used by Jeremiah (translated here as "high
heaps") in Modern Hebrew is the word used for "Traffic sign" or
"wayfare indicator". WAYMARKS, as noted, equal dolmens. The verse (Jeremiah
31;12) may therefore in the Hebrew be understood further as saying:
"Establish waymarks [i.e. "Tsionim" =dolmens] for yourself, set
up for yourself high-heaps [i.e. cairns, "Tamrurim" = wayfare markers]:
put your heart [i.e. pay attention] to the pathways you went by and return, O
virgin of Israel, come back to these cities of yours.
Some understand the above verse in a partly figurative sense but taken literally
according to the Radak (Kimchi) it means that a trail of megalithic monuments
should be traceable along the paths of migration as indeed it is. Megalithic Monuments
begin in the land of Israel on both sides of the Jordan. They have offshoots of
uncertain nature into Asia but exact reproductions are fund in the Caucasus, in
Bulgaria, in Spain, West France, the Netherlands, Scandinavia, Britain, and Ireland.
They describe two main migratory paths from Israel to Western Europe. These paths
show us how the Lost Ten Tribes left their land and where they went to. Jeremiah
the Prophet transmits the command of God telling us to take heed of the paths
we went in, the monuments we set up, and the way leading back to the cities of
our forefathers in the Land of Israel.
For More on the Megalithic Path of Migration see:
Biblical Proofs: Dolmens and the Bible
Answer to Queries on Archaeology Question no.3:
Dolmens and other megalithic monuments such as Stonehenge tell us?
Dolmens by Yair Davidiy
Pictures: Dolmens FROM AROUND THE WORLD
Dolmens in Biblical Codes
[Jeremiah 31:22] HOW LONG WILT THOU GO ABOUT, O THOU BACKSLIDING DAUGHTER? FOR
THE LORD HATH CREATED A NEW THING IN THE EARTH, A WOMAN SHALL COMPASS A MAN.
Abarbanel on this verse says it refers to the Ten Tribes who at first would be
weak like a woman but later would gain strength like a man and overcome the Gentiles.
Radak: <<A WOMAN SHALL COMPASS A MAN: It is the way of the world that a
man goes after and hangs around a woman, as the sages said: “Someone who
has lost something seeks after what he is lacking”. Here the female goes
after and around the man, that is the Children of Israel will repent and return
to their God who will redeem them>>.
The expression A WOMAN SHALL COMPASS A MAN is considered an allegory to the Children
of Israel attempting to return to God, as if Israel is symbolized by a female
wooing her man who is the God of Israel. For the last few years I have been studying
the Book of Jeremiah in a weekly class given by Rabbi Mordecai Machles in Jerusalem.
Rabbi Machles has pointed out that today it is becoming acceptable for a female
to initiate courtship with a male. In the past this was unthinkable. Rabbi Machles
suggests that this development is connected with the expression in Jeremiah, A
WOMAN SHALL COMPASS A MAN, and that this is a sign that the prophecies of Jeremiah
are about to be fulfilled.
“A WOMAN SHALL COMPASS A MAN”: In Hebrew it can be said to mean that
a woman shall surround a man. The Rabbis said (Yebamot 62) that a person should
get married. “Every one without a wife dwells without happiness; without
blessing, without goodness etc. In Israel they said, without Torah, without a
wall [to protect him from temptation] as it says, A WOMAN SHALL COMPASS A MAN”.
[Jeremiah 31:23] THUS SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS, THE GOD OF ISRAEL; AS YET THEY
SHALL USE THIS SPEECH IN THE LAND OF JUDAH AND IN THE CITIES THEREOF, WHEN I SHALL
BRING AGAIN THEIR CAPTIVITY; THE LORD BLESS THEE, O HABITATION OF JUSTICE, AND
MOUNTAIN OF HOLINESS.
Judah and Israel in the future will practice true justice and be a holy people.
[Jeremiah 31:24] AND THERE SHALL DWELL IN JUDAH ITSELF, AND IN ALL THE CITIES
THEREOF TOGETHER, HUSBANDMEN, AND THEY THAT GO FORTH WITH FLOCKS.
[Jeremiah 31:25] FOR I HAVE SATIATED THE WEARY SOUL, AND I HAVE REPLENISHED EVERY
[Jeremiah 31:26] UPON THIS I AWAKED, AND BEHELD; AND MY SLEEP WAS SWEET UNTO ME.
[Jeremiah 31:27] BEHOLD, THE DAYS COME, SAITH THE LORD, THAT I WILL SOW THE HOUSE
OF ISRAEL AND THE HOUSE OF JUDAH WITH THE SEED OF MAN, AND WITH THE SEED OF BEAST.
[Jeremiah 31:28] AND IT SHALL COME TO PASS, THAT LIKE AS I HAVE WATCHED OVER THEM,
TO PLUCK UP, AND TO BREAK DOWN, AND TO THROW DOWN, AND TO DESTROY, AND TO AFFLICT;
SO WILL I WATCH OVER THEM, TO BUILD, AND TO PLANT, SAITH THE LORD.
[Jeremiah 31:29] IN THOSE DAYS THEY SHALL SAY NO MORE, THE FATHERS HAVE EATEN
A SOUR GRAPE, AND THE CHILDREN'S TEETH ARE SET ON EDGE.
We shall no longer feel that somehow we are suffering because our parents or forefathers
may not have been as god as they should have been.
[Jeremiah 31:30] BUT EVERY ONE SHALL DIE FOR HIS OWN INIQUITY: EVERY MAN THAT
EATETH THE SOUR GRAPE, HIS TEETH SHALL BE SET ON EDGE.
We shall realize that we are the masters of our own destiny.
[Jeremiah 31:31] BEHOLD, THE DAYS COME, SAITH THE LORD, THAT I WILL MAKE A NEW
COVENANT WITH THE HOUSE OF ISRAEL, AND WITH THE HOUSE OF JUDAH:
“A NEW COVENANT”: This new covenant entails a change of human nature
as explained and will take place in the future. The New Covenant is to be made
with the united Tribes of Judah and Israel (the Ten Tribes) together.
[Jeremiah 31:32] NOT ACCORDING TO THE COVENANT THAT I MADE WITH THEIR FATHERS
IN THE DAY THAT I TOOK THEM BY THE HAND TO BRING THEM OUT OF THE LAND OF EGYPT;
WHICH MY COVENANT THEY BRAKE, ALTHOUGH I WAS AN HUSBAND UNTO THEM, SAITH THE LORD:
[Jeremiah 31:33] BUT THIS SHALL BE THE COVENANT THAT I WILL MAKE WITH THE HOUSE
OF ISRAEL; AFTER THOSE DAYS, SAITH THE LORD, I WILL PUT MY LAW IN THEIR INWARD
PARTS, AND WRITE IT IN THEIR HEARTS; AND WILL BE THEIR GOD, AND THEY SHALL BE
[Jeremiah 31:34] AND THEY SHALL TEACH NO MORE EVERY MAN HIS NEIGHBOUR, AND EVERY
MAN HIS BROTHER, SAYING, KNOW THE LORD: FOR THEY SHALL ALL KNOW ME, FROM THE LEAST
OF THEM UNTO THE GREATEST OF THEM, SAITH THE LORD: FOR I WILL FORGIVE THEIR INIQUITY,
AND I WILL REMEMBER THEIR SIN NO MORE.
[Jeremiah 31:35] THUS SAITH THE LORD, WHICH GIVETH THE SUN FOR A LIGHT BY DAY,
AND THE ORDINANCES OF THE MOON AND OF THE STARS FOR A LIGHT BY NIGHT, WHICH DIVIDETH
THE SEA WHEN THE WAVES THEREOF ROAR; THE LORD OF HOSTS IS HIS NAME:
[Jeremiah 31:36] IF THOSE ORDINANCES DEPART FROM BEFORE ME, SAITH THE LORD, THEN
THE SEED OF ISRAEL ALSO SHALL CEASE FROM BEING A NATION BEFORE ME FOR EVER.
Two ways to look at these verses: (1) Hofman: In the same way that natural laws
govern natural bodies such as the sun and moon etc so to will the Children of
Israel after the New Covenant keep their trust as if it was a law of nature.
(2) Even without the New Covenant (that WILL BE MADE IN THE FUTURE) the Children
of Israel cannot be disposed They always belong to God and at some stage they
will return and act in such a way as to, enable God to claim HIS own..
[Jeremiah 31:37] THUS SAITH THE LORD; IF HEAVEN ABOVE CAN BE MEASURED, AND THE
FOUNDATIONS OF THE EARTH SEARCHED OUT BENEATH, I WILL ALSO CAST OFF ALL THE SEED
OF ISRAEL FOR ALL THAT THEY HAVE DONE, SAITH THE LORD.
[Jeremiah 31:38] BEHOLD, THE DAYS COME, SAITH THE LORD, THAT THE CITY SHALL BE
BUILT TO THE LORD FROM THE TOWER OF HANANEEL UNTO THE GATE OF THE CORNER.
[Jeremiah 31:39] AND THE MEASURING LINE SHALL YET GO FORTH OVER AGAINST IT UPON
THE HILL GAREB, AND SHALL COMPASS ABOUT TO GOATH.
[Jeremiah 31:40] AND THE WHOLE VALLEY OF THE DEAD BODIES, AND OF THE ASHES, AND
ALL THE FIELDS UNTO THE BROOK OF KIDRON, UNTO THE CORNER OF THE HORSE GATE TOWARD
THE EAST, SHALL BE HOLY UNTO THE LORD; IT SHALL NOT BE PLUCKED UP, NOR THROWN
DOWN ANY MORE FOR EVER.
Brit-Am and Jeremiah 31
In our last posting we went through Jeremiah 31 and on the relevant verses gave
information that connected to the Lost Ten Tribes and their present identity.
We quoted from different commentators and so the overall import may not have been
We are therefore paraphrasing relevant parts of the chapter and showing how according
to the original Hebrew meaning and traditional understanding the Brit-Am message
From Jeremiah 31 and the accompanying explanations we learn that:
* Jeremiah speaks of the ingathering of the Ten Tribes (31;1 to 31:22); he speaks
of the Redemption of the Jews (Judah) (31;23 to 31;26); and he speaks of the re-unification
of Judah with the Lost Ten Tribes (31;27 to 31;37) who will return in the Last
*In Ancient Times the Ten Tribes had turned away from God and therefore they were
cast out and “lost”. In the future they will take the initiative and
begin to return to the God of Israel. God will respond and turn towards them and
bring them back (31;1, whole chapter throughout, 31;6 31;9 31;22).
* The Lost Ten Tribes before their final return will be mainly members of the
Christian religion (31;9). In our opinion this religion is wrong but it will be
the religion they will be (mistakenly) practicing.
* They will return from every place they are found in. Their chief places of residence
at the Last Times will be in North America (31;8), in Europe, and at the geographical
extremities of the Continental Masses (31;8), and in the British Isles (31;10).
[We are not saying that everybody in these areas belongs to the Ten Tribes but
rather that the Lost Ten Tribes are concentrated in these regions and they are
significantly there. This is where they are to be found in the End Times].They
will return by modern means of transport such as aeroplanes (31;8). The Lost Ten
Tribes in the End Times will be dwelling independently in their own lands (31;17).
This indicates that in those places they will be concentrated in they will be
the majority of the population or at least the most influential elements in their
* The Lost Ten tribes did not return. They will have lost their Identity until
the End Times when their Identity will be restored and they will come back (31;15-16).
* Ephraim will be identified with “John Bull” of Britain and with
those of English (“Aegloi”) descent (31;18). “Ephraim”
will have an aristocratic character, type of government and social system (31;18,
31;20) [whereas “Menasseh” will stand out for democratic principles].
* The dolmens and megalithic monuments form a path (31;21) reaching from the Land
of Israel through the Mediterranean, Spain, France, Britain, Ireland, Holland,
and Scandinavia. They show a path of migration of Israelites to the West. This
path was either set down (as seems certain) by the migrating Israelites or at
the least is to be adopted by them (according to Jeremiah) in the future as a
sign of the path they followed and by which path they are to return to the Land
of Israel. They are to use the monuments (dolmens and megalithics) as signs of
the path to the lands and cities in the Land of Israel that they were exiled from
and to which they will return. The Land of Israel to which they will return reaches
from the Nile to the Euphrates and encompasses part of Egypt, the present day
State of Israel, part of Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria, part of Turkey, and part
of Iraq, and the Isle of Cyprus.
* The Lost Ten Tribes after their Exile would be weak at first but would then
become strong and defeat the Gentiles in warfare (31;22) as indeed happened.
Other passages from the Prophets confirm the above conclusions and add important
details to them. Jeremiah 31 is an important chapter because it brings a lot of
identifying characteristics together in one passage.
[Jeremiah 32:1] THE WORD THAT CAME TO JEREMIAH FROM THE LORD IN THE TENTH YEAR
OF ZEDEKIAH KING OF JUDAH, WHICH WAS THE EIGHTEENTH YEAR OF NEBUCHADREZZAR.
[Jeremiah 32:2] FOR THEN THE KING OF BABYLON'S ARMY BESIEGED JERUSALEM: AND JEREMIAH
THE PROPHET WAS SHUT UP IN THE COURT OF THE PRISON, WHICH WAS IN THE KING OF JUDAH'S
[Jeremiah 32:3] FOR ZEDEKIAH KING OF JUDAH HAD SHUT HIM UP, SAYING, WHEREFORE
DOST THOU PROPHESY, AND SAY, THUS SAITH THE LORD, BEHOLD, I WILL GIVE THIS CITY
INTO THE HAND OF THE KING OF BABYLON, AND HE SHALL TAKE IT;
[Jeremiah 32:4] AND ZEDEKIAH KING OF JUDAH SHALL NOT ESCAPE OUT OF THE HAND OF
THE CHALDEANS, BUT SHALL SURELY BE DELIVERED INTO THE HAND OF THE KING OF BABYLON,
AND SHALL SPEAK WITH HIM MOUTH TO MOUTH, AND HIS EYES SHALL BEHOLD HIS EYES;
[Jeremiah 32:5] AND HE SHALL LEAD ZEDEKIAH TO BABYLON, AND THERE SHALL HE BE UNTIL
I VISIT HIM, SAITH THE LORD: THOUGH YE FIGHT WITH THE CHALDEANS, YE SHALL NOT
[Jeremiah 32:6] AND JEREMIAH SAID, THE WORD OF THE LORD CAME UNTO ME, SAYING,
[Jeremiah 32:7] BEHOLD, HANAMEEL THE SON OF SHALLUM THINE UNCLE SHALL COME UNTO
THEE SAYING, BUY THEE MY FIELD THAT IS IN ANATHOTH: FOR THE RIGHT OF REDEMPTION
IS THINE TO BUY IT.
[Jeremiah 32:8] SO HANAMEEL MINE UNCLE'S SON CAME TO ME IN THE COURT OF THE PRISON
ACCORDING TO THE WORD OF THE LORD, AND SAID UNTO ME, BUY MY FIELD, I PRAY THEE,
THAT IS IN ANATHOTH, WHICH IS IN THE COUNTRY OF BENJAMIN: FOR THE RIGHT OF INHERITANCE
IS THINE, AND THE REDEMPTION IS THINE; BUY IT FOR THYSELF. THEN I KNEW THAT THIS
WAS THE WORD OF THE LORD.
[Jeremiah 32:9] AND I BOUGHT THE FIELD OF HANAMEEL MY UNCLE'S SON, THAT WAS IN
ANATHOTH, AND WEIGHED HIM THE MONEY, EVEN SEVENTEEN SHEKELS OF SILVER.
[Jeremiah 32:10] AND I SUBSCRIBED THE EVIDENCE, AND SEALED IT, AND TOOK WITNESSES,
AND WEIGHED HIM THE MONEY IN THE BALANCES.
[Jeremiah 32:11] SO I TOOK THE EVIDENCE OF THE PURCHASE, BOTH THAT WHICH WAS SEALED
ACCORDING TO THE LAW AND CUSTOM, AND THAT WHICH WAS OPEN:
[Jeremiah 32:12] AND I GAVE THE EVIDENCE OF THE PURCHASE UNTO BARUCH THE SON OF
NERIAH, THE SON OF MAASEIAH, IN THE SIGHT OF HANAMEEL MINE UNCLE'S SON, AND IN
THE PRESENCE OF THE WITNESSES THAT SUBSCRIBED THE BOOK OF THE PURCHASE, BEFORE
ALL THE JEWS THAT SAT IN THE COURT OF THE PRISON.
“BARUCH THE SON OF NERIAH” was the right-hand son of Jeremiah. Baruch
or a certain “Simon Berak” or something of the like appears in some
Irish legends. These legends state that a daughter of King Zedekiah of Judah
came to Ireland with Jeremiah or with Baruch the son of Neriah. The daughter was
called “Tea Tephi”. She married the son of the King of Ireland. From
this union, it is claimed, descend the later Kings of Scotland and ultimately
of Britain. Also nearly every President of the USA is descended from this union.
So, state various sources. We shall discuss this later.
[Jeremiah 32:13] AND I CHARGED BARUCH BEFORE THEM, SAYING,
[Jeremiah 32:14] THUS SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS, THE GOD OF ISRAEL; TAKE THESE EVIDENCES,
THIS EVIDENCE OF THE PURCHASE, BOTH WHICH IS SEALED, AND THIS EVIDENCE WHICH IS
OPEN; AND PUT THEM IN AN EARTHEN VESSEL, THAT THEY MAY CONTINUE MANY DAYS.
[Jeremiah 32:15] FOR THUS SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS, THE GOD OF ISRAEL; HOUSES AND
FIELDS AND VINEYARDS SHALL BE POSSESSED AGAIN IN THIS LAND.
[Jeremiah 32:16] NOW WHEN I HAD DELIVERED THE EVIDENCE OF THE PURCHASE UNTO BARUCH
THE SON OF NERIAH, I PRAYED UNTO THE LORD, SAYING,
[Jeremiah 32:17] AH LORD GOD! BEHOLD, THOU HAST MADE THE HEAVEN AND THE EARTH
BY THY GREAT POWER AND STRETCHED OUT ARM, AND THERE IS NOTHING TOO HARD FOR THEE:
[Jeremiah 32:18] THOU SHEWEST LOVINGKINDNESS UNTO THOUSANDS, AND RECOMPENSEST
THE INIQUITY OF THE FATHERS INTO THE BOSOM OF THEIR CHILDREN AFTER THEM: THE GREAT,
THE MIGHTY GOD, THE LORD OF HOSTS, IS HIS NAME,
[Jeremiah 32:19] GREAT IN COUNSEL, AND MIGHTY IN WORK: FOR THINE EYES ARE OPEN
UPON ALL THE WAYS OF THE SONS OF MEN: TO GIVE EVERY ONE ACCORDING TO HIS WAYS,
AND ACCORDING TO THE FRUIT OF HIS DOINGS:
[Jeremiah 32:20] WHICH HAST SET SIGNS AND WONDERS IN THE LAND OF EGYPT, EVEN UNTO
THIS DAY, AND IN ISRAEL, AND AMONG OTHER MEN; AND HAST MADE THEE A NAME, AS AT
[Jeremiah 32:21] AND HAST BROUGHT FORTH THY PEOPLE ISRAEL OUT OF THE LAND OF EGYPT
WITH SIGNS, AND WITH WONDERS, AND WITH A STRONG HAND, AND WITH A STRETCHED OUT
ARM, AND WITH GREAT TERROR;
[Jeremiah 32:22] AND HAST GIVEN THEM THIS LAND, WHICH THOU DIDST SWEAR TO THEIR
FATHERS TO GIVE THEM, A LAND FLOWING WITH MILK AND HONEY;
[Jeremiah 32:23] AND THEY CAME IN, AND POSSESSED IT; BUT THEY OBEYED NOT THY VOICE,
NEITHER WALKED IN THY LAW; THEY HAVE DONE NOTHING OF ALL THAT THOU COMMANDEDST
THEM TO DO: THEREFORE THOU HAST CAUSED ALL THIS EVIL TO COME UPON THEM:
[Jeremiah 32:24] BEHOLD THE MOUNTS, THEY ARE COME UNTO THE CITY TO TAKE IT; AND
THE CITY IS GIVEN INTO THE HAND OF THE CHALDEANS, THAT FIGHT AGAINST IT, BECAUSE
OF THE SWORD, AND OF THE FAMINE, AND OF THE PESTILENCE: AND WHAT THOU HAST SPOKEN
IS COME TO PASS; AND, BEHOLD, THOU SEEST IT.
[Jeremiah 32:25] AND THOU HAST SAID UNTO ME, O LORD GOD, BUY THEE THE FIELD FOR
MONEY, AND TAKE WITNESSES; FOR THE CITY IS GIVEN INTO THE HAND OF THE CHALDEANS.
[Jeremiah 32:26] THEN CAME THE WORD OF THE LORD UNTO JEREMIAH, SAYING,
[Jeremiah 32:27] BEHOLD, I AM THE LORD, THE GOD OF ALL FLESH: IS THERE ANY THING
TOO HARD FOR ME?
[Jeremiah 32:28] THEREFORE THUS SAITH THE LORD; BEHOLD, I WILL GIVE THIS CITY
INTO THE HAND OF THE CHALDEANS, AND INTO THE HAND OF NEBUCHADREZZAR KING OF BABYLON,
AND HE SHALL TAKE IT:
[Jeremiah 32:29] AND THE CHALDEANS, THAT FIGHT AGAINST THIS CITY, SHALL COME AND
SET FIRE ON THIS CITY, AND BURN IT WITH THE HOUSES, UPON WHOSE ROOFS THEY HAVE
OFFERED INCENSE UNTO BAAL, AND POURED OUT DRINK OFFERINGS UNTO OTHER GODS, TO
PROVOKE ME TO ANGER.
[Jeremiah 32:30] FOR THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL AND THE CHILDREN OF JUDAH HAVE ONLY
DONE EVIL BEFORE ME FROM THEIR YOUTH: FOR THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL HAVE ONLY PROVOKED
ME TO ANGER WITH THE WORK OF THEIR HANDS, SAITH THE LORD.
[Jeremiah 32:31] FOR THIS CITY HATH BEEN TO ME AS A PROVOCATION OF MINE ANGER
AND OF MY FURY FROM THE DAY THAT THEY BUILT IT EVEN UNTO THIS DAY; THAT I SHOULD
REMOVE IT FROM BEFORE MY FACE,
[Jeremiah 32:32] BECAUSE OF ALL THE EVIL OF THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL AND OF THE
CHILDREN OF JUDAH, WHICH THEY HAVE DONE TO PROVOKE ME TO ANGER, THEY, THEIR KINGS,
THEIR PRINCES, THEIR PRIESTS, AND THEIR PROPHETS, AND THE MEN OF JUDAH, AND THE
INHABITANTS OF JERUSALEM.
[Jeremiah 32:33] AND THEY HAVE TURNED UNTO ME THE BACK, AND NOT THE FACE: THOUGH
I TAUGHT THEM, RISING UP EARLY AND TEACHING THEM, YET THEY HAVE NOT HEARKENED
TO RECEIVE INSTRUCTION.
[Jeremiah 32:34] BUT THEY SET THEIR ABOMINATIONS IN THE HOUSE, WHICH IS CALLED
BY MY NAME, TO DEFILE IT.
[Jeremiah 32:35] AND THEY BUILT THE HIGH PLACES OF BAAL, WHICH ARE IN THE VALLEY
OF THE SON OF HINNOM, TO CAUSE THEIR SONS AND THEIR DAUGHTERS TO PASS THROUGH
THE FIRE UNTO MOLECH; WHICH I COMMANDED THEM NOT, NEITHER CAME IT INTO MY MIND,
THAT THEY SHOULD DO THIS ABOMINATION, TO CAUSE JUDAH TO SIN.
They were worshipping Baal and engaging in Human sacrifice. The Druids of Gaul
and of Celtic Britain also worshipped “bel” (i.e. Baal) and practiced
human sacrifice. They had learnt these practices from the Canaanite nations around
them. The Books of Joshua and of Judges relate that all the tribes of Ancient
Israel had intermixed with the Canaanites and learnt their ways.
[Jeremiah 32:36] AND NOW THEREFORE THUS SAITH THE LORD, THE GOD OF ISRAEL, CONCERNING
THIS CITY, WHEREOF YE SAY, IT SHALL BE DELIVERED INTO THE HAND OF THE KING OF
BABYLON BY THE SWORD, AND BY THE FAMINE, AND BY THE PESTILENCE;
[Jeremiah 32:37] BEHOLD, I WILL GATHER THEM OUT OF ALL COUNTRIES, WHITHER I HAVE
DRIVEN THEM IN MINE ANGER, AND IN MY FURY, AND IN GREAT WRATH; AND I WILL BRING
THEM AGAIN UNTO THIS PLACE, AND I WILL CAUSE THEM TO DWELL SAFELY:
[Jeremiah 32:38] AND THEY SHALL BE MY PEOPLE, AND I WILL BE THEIR GOD:
Here he speaks of the Last days and a Final Reconciliation.
[Jeremiah 32:39] AND I WILL GIVE THEM ONE HEART, AND ONE WAY, THAT THEY MAY FEAR
ME FOR EVER, FOR THE GOOD OF THEM, AND OF THEIR CHILDREN AFTER THEM:
“ONE HEART, AND ONE WAY” without divisions.
[Jeremiah 32:40] AND I WILL MAKE AN EVERLASTING COVENANT WITH THEM, THAT I WILL
NOT TURN AWAY FROM THEM, TO DO THEM GOOD; BUT I WILL PUT MY FEAR IN THEIR HEARTS,
THAT THEY SHALL NOT DEPART FROM ME.
“AN EVERLASTING COVENANT” This is the New Covenant that Israel will
receive in the future. It will entail a change in our nature and the truth being
found in our heart.
[Jeremiah 32:41] YEA, I WILL REJOICE OVER THEM TO DO THEM GOOD, AND I WILL PLANT
THEM IN THIS LAND ASSUREDLY WITH MY WHOLE HEART AND WITH MY WHOLE SOUL.
[Jeremiah 32:42] FOR THUS SAITH THE LORD; LIKE AS I HAVE BROUGHT ALL THIS GREAT
EVIL UPON THIS PEOPLE, SO WILL I BRING UPON THEM ALL THE GOOD THAT I HAVE PROMISED
[Jeremiah 32:43] AND FIELDS SHALL BE BOUGHT IN THIS LAND, WHEREOF YE SAY, IT IS
DESOLATE WITHOUT MAN OR BEAST; IT IS GIVEN INTO THE HAND OF THE CHALDEANS.
[Jeremiah 32:44] MEN SHALL BUY FIELDS FOR MONEY, AND SUBSCRIBE EVIDENCES, AND
SEAL THEM, AND TAKE WITNESSES IN THE LAND OF BENJAMIN, AND IN THE PLACES ABOUT
JERUSALEM, AND IN THE CITIES OF JUDAH, AND IN THE CITIES OF THE MOUNTAINS, AND
IN THE CITIES OF THE VALLEY, AND IN THE CITIES OF THE SOUTH: FOR I WILL CAUSE
THEIR CAPTIVITY TO RETURN, SAITH THE LORD.
Here he is speaking of Judah and Benjamin and those attached to them. He is speaking
primarily of the Jewish people as we know it today. He speaks of the Lost Ten