and Rabbinical Authority" by Yair Davidiy
Rabbinical Laws have Biblical Authority and are often encompassed in the words of the Hebrew Scriptures. The Lost Ten Tribes do not at present have to keep the Torah though in the future they will. The Prophet Jeremiah foresaw that in the End Times the Ten Tribes would adhere to the Christian Faith before they returned to Israel.
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Contents in Alphabetical Order
To Hear a Talk based on the Text below:
If you were not unconventional and prepared to rebel against the accepted intellectual norms you probably would not be visiting our site and reading this article. It was written in reply to a letter whose author has recanted and asked that we not publish his missive. Therefore we have not done so. We thought however that the points made were worthy of public perusal so we incorporated them into the present article.Did the Rabbis Invent Commandments of their Own?
The article below speaks of Rabbinical authority. It emphasizes the Communal Responsibility of the Israelite Nation while also explaining why the Ten Tribes (who comprise the greater part of that nation) do not AT PRESENT necessarily have to consider themselves obligated to keep the Commandments.
The Oral Law however is not an addition to the Divine Words but rather an exposition of them.
Prov. 30:5, 6: "Every word of God is pure: He is a shield unto them who put their trust in Him. Add you not unto His words, lest He reprove you, and you be found a liar."
[Joshua 1:8]THIS BOOK OF THE LAW SHALL NOT DEPART OUT OF THY MOUTH; BUT THOU SHALT MEDITATE THEREIN DAY AND NIGHT, THAT THOU MAYEST OBSERVE TO DO ACCORDING TO ALL THAT IS WRITTEN THEREIN: FOR THEN THOU SHALT MAKE THY WAY PROSPEROUS, AND THEN THOU SHALT HAVE GOOD SUCCESS.Adding to the commandments would appear to be contrary to a written injunction which says:
In reply we would, in general terms, say that the Oral Law is not so much an adding to the Commandments but rather an explaining of how existing Commandments must be kept.
Deut. 4:2 says "You shall not add unto the word that I command you, neither shall you diminish from it, that you may keep the commandments of God that I command you."
Deut. 12:32 says, "What thing soever I command you, observe to do it: you shall not add thereto, nor diminish from it.
[Deuteronomy 29:29] THE SECRET THINGS BELONG UNTO THE LORD OUR GOD: BUT THOSE THINGS WHICH ARE REVEALED BELONG UNTO US AND TO OUR CHILDREN FOR EVER, THAT WE MAY DO ALL THE WORDS OF THIS LAW.The Torah was given to the whole of Israel as a group and they were commanded to be mutually responsible for each other in keeping it.
[Deuteronomy 29:9] KEEP THEREFORE THE WORDS OF THIS COVENANT, AND DO THEM, THAT YE MAY PROSPER IN ALL THAT YE DO.Throughout the Bible God speaks to the nation and about the nation.
[Deuteronomy 29:10] YE STAND THIS DAY ALL OF YOU BEFORE THE LORD YOUR GOD; YOUR CAPTAINS OF YOUR TRIBES, YOUR ELDERS, AND YOUR OFFICERS, WITH ALL THE MEN OF ISRAEL,
[Deuteronomy 29:11] YOUR LITTLE ONES, YOUR WIVES, AND THY STRANGER THAT IS IN THY CAMP, FROM THE HEWER OF THY WOOD UNTO THE DRAWER OF THY WATER:
[Deuteronomy 29:12] THAT THOU SHOULDEST ENTER INTO COVENANT WITH THE LORD THY GOD, AND INTO HIS OATH, WHICH THE LORD THY GOD MAKETH WITH THEE THIS DAY:
[Deuteronomy 29:13] THAT HE MAY ESTABLISH THEE TO DAY FOR A PEOPLE UNTO HIMSELF, AND THAT HE MAY BE UNTO THEE A GOD, AS HE HATH SAID UNTO THEE, AND AS HE HATH SWORN UNTO THY FATHERS, TO ABRAHAM, TO ISAAC, AND TO JACOB.
[Exodus 31:15] SIX DAYS MAY WORK BE DONE; BUT IN THE SEVENTH IS THE SABBATH OF REST, HOLY TO THE LORD: WHOSOEVER DOETH ANY WORK IN THE SABBATH DAY, HE SHALL SURELY BE PUT TO DEATH.But what exactly would constitute Sabbath desecration?
[In point of fact most of the Rabbinical injunctions are hinted at in the written Scriptures according to grammatical niceties and quirks of the Hebrew Language. A good portion of the Talmud is dedicated to clarifying the Law according to what the Biblical verses indicate.In case of doubt the Israelites were commanded to go to the authorities and Sages that would exist in their time.
Even if this was not so however we would still be obliged to do as the Rabbis say.]
[Deuteronomy 17:8] IF THERE ARISE A MATTER TOO HARD FOR THEE IN JUDGMENT, BETWEEN BLOOD AND BLOOD, BETWEEN PLEA AND PLEA, AND BETWEEN STROKE AND STROKE, BEING MATTERS OF CONTROVERSY WITHIN THY GATES: THEN SHALT THOU ARISE, AND GET THEE UP INTO THE PLACE WHICH THE LORD THY GOD SHALL CHOOSE;In case of doubt concerning any matter of the Law and its practical implications one had to make an effort ("ARISE") and go to the recognized authority that existed.
[Deuteronomy 17:9] AND THOU SHALT COME UNTO THE PRIESTS THE LEVITES, AND UNTO THE JUDGE THAT SHALL BE IN THOSE DAYS, AND ENQUIRE; AND THEY SHALL SHEW THEE THE SENTENCE OF JUDGMENT:The Priests, Levites, and/or simple Israelite Judge, whoever was in charge at the time, would make the decision usually after consultation with the others and in accordance with accepted tradition and well know laws of logical deduction applied to Biblical verses and derived from them. This was the foundation of what later became the Talmud.
[Deuteronomy 17:10] AND THOU SHALT DO ACCORDING TO THE SENTENCE, WHICH THEY OF THAT PLACE WHICH THE LORD SHALL CHOOSE SHALL SHEW THEE; AND THOU SHALT OBSERVE TO DO ACCORDING TO ALL THAT THEY INFORM THEE:Even if one went to the Sages to decide how a commandment should be carried out and did not agree with what the Sages said you still had to obey them. This was the commandment.
[Deuteronomy 17:11] ACCORDING TO THE SENTENCE OF THE LAW WHICH THEY SHALL TEACH THEE, AND ACCORDING TO THE JUDGMENT WHICH THEY SHALL TELL THEE, THOU SHALT DO: THOU SHALT NOT DECLINE FROM THE SENTENCE WHICH THEY SHALL SHEW THEE, TO THE RIGHT HAND, NOR TO THE LEFT.
[Deuteronomy 17:12] AND THE MAN THAT WILL DO PRESUMPTUOUSLY, AND WILL NOT HEARKEN UNTO THE PRIEST THAT STANDETH TO MINISTER THERE BEFORE THE LORD THY GOD, OR UNTO THE JUDGE, EVEN THAT MAN SHALL DIE: AND THOU SHALT PUT AWAY THE EVIL FROM ISRAEL.The Ten Tribes were Exiled for Inventing their own Religious Beliefs!
[Deuteronomy 17:13] AND ALL THE PEOPLE SHALL HEAR, AND FEAR, AND DO NO MORE PRESUMPTUOUSLY.
We were asked concerning the above verse:
Isa. 8:20: "To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them."
[2-Kings 17:9] AND THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL DID SECRETLY [Hebrew: "VaYeChapu"] THOSE THINGS THAT WERE NOT RIGHT AGAINST THE LORD THEIR GOD, AND THEY BUILT THEM HIGH PLACES IN ALL THEIR CITIES, FROM THE TOWER OF THE WATCHMEN TO THE FENCED CITY.The expression translated in the King James Translation above as DID SECRETLY in Hebrew is "VaYeChapu" which can indeed mean "cover, hide" but also (see Rashi, Targum Yehonatan) connotes inventing things that are not so, hiding the truth.
[2-Kings 17:15] AND THEY REJECTED HIS STATUTES, AND HIS COVENANT THAT HE MADE WITH THEIR FATHERS, AND HIS TESTIMONIES WHICH HE TESTIFIED AGAINST THEM; AND THEY FOLLOWED VANITY, AND BECAME VAIN, AND WENT AFTER THE HEATHEN THAT WERE ROUND ABOUT THEM, CONCERNING WHOM THE LORD HAD CHARGED THEM, THAT THEY SHOULD NOT DO LIKE THEM.Judah Keeps the Law of Scripture according to the Bible
"Ephraim compasseth me about with lies, and the house of Israel with deceit: but JUDAH yet ruleth with God, and is faithful with the saints". (Hosea 11; 12).By Judah keeping the Law the intention is to Rabbinical Teachings since only they have an unbroken line of Authority and only their instructions conform with the meaning of Scripture in the Hebrew original.
"Ephraim is the strength of mine head; Judah is my LAWGIVER" (Psalms 60; 9, 108; 90).
"The scepter shall not depart from Judah nor a lawgiver from between his feet." (Genesis 49; 10).
[Zechariah 8:23] THUS SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS; IN THOSE DAYS IT SHALL COME TO PASS, THAT TEN MEN SHALL TAKE HOLD OUT OF ALL LANGUAGES OF THE NATIONS, EVEN SHALL TAKE HOLD OF THE SKIRT OF HIM THAT IS A JEW, SAYING, WE WILL GO WITH YOU: FOR WE HAVE HEARD THAT GOD IS WITH YOU.
##According to the Talmud, one complete cycle of the moon around the earth takes 29.53059 days (Masechet Rosh Hashana). This value is very close to the average value measured by NASA: 29.530588.##
The difference between NASA and the Hebrew Calendar is only
Maybe NASA is wrong?
The Almighty predicted that the Jews would fast on certain days according to HIS calendar!!
The Jews keep the four fasts of mourning (according to the Hebrew Calendar) over the Destruction of the Second Temple as prophesied by Zechariah 8:19.
[Zechariah 8:19] THUS SAITH THE LORD OF HOSTS; THE FAST OF THE FOURTH MONTH, AND THE FAST OF THE FIFTH, AND THE FAST OF THE SEVENTH, AND THE FAST OF THE TENTH, SHALL BE TO THE HOUSE OF JUDAH JOY AND GLADNESS, AND CHEERFUL FEASTS; THEREFORE LOVE THE TRUTH AND PEACE.These four fasts are the four days of mourning associated with the destruction of the Temple. When the Temple is rebuilt they will become feast days. These fasts are still kept by the present-day Jews who are descended from Judah.
##Jews apparently can't ride elevators on the Sabbath because pushing a button breaks the Sabbath....Such beliefs are pure nonsense to most of us. ##
If you are not Jewish you are not obligated by the Law so you can ride in the elevator on a Saturday with a clear conscience. All day long if you like.
[Malachi 4:4] REMEMBER YE THE LAW OF MOSES MY SERVANT, WHICH I COMMANDED UNTO HIM IN HOREB FOR ALL ISRAEL, WITH THE STATUTES AND JUDGMENTS.The Lost Ten Tribes will have to return and accept anew the Law of Moses and Israel.
[Ezekiel 20:33] AS I LIVE, SAITH THE LORD GOD, SURELY WITH A MIGHTY HAND, AND WITH A STRETCHED OUT ARM, AND WITH FURY POURED OUT, WILL I RULE OVER YOU:God rules over us and the Law will have to be kept.
[Ezekiel 16:61] THEN THOU SHALT REMEMBER THY WAYS, AND BE ASHAMED, WHEN THOU SHALT RECEIVE THY SISTERS, THINE ELDER AND THY YOUNGER: AND I WILL GIVE THEM UNTO THEE FOR DAUGHTERS, BUT NOT BY THY COVENANTJudah must seek to bring the Lost Ten Tribes back. God makes the participation of Judah in the process of returning the Lost Ten Tribes a prior condition for the rehabilitation of Judah herself!
Obligation of Judah to
Reach Out to the Lost Ten Tribes
Part of our appreciation of being "Jewish" indicates we should reach out to the Lost Tribes.
Ezekiel says that Judah has an obligation to help the Lost Ten Tribes return. The complete return of Judah is dependent upon the return of "Samaria" (Ezekiel 16:53, 55, 61) meaning the Ten Tribes especially Manasseh. Manasseh today is mainly the USA. God will renew His covenant with Judah and with Israel (Ezekiel 16:62).
The End Time Arousal of "Ephraimites"
We are approaching the End Times. Spiritually aware and Sensitive individuals amongst ethnic entities that in a Biblical sense qualify to be considered Israelite are becoming aroused. These are people amongst whom a significant proportion of descendants of Israel are to be found. They often feel a need to re-assert their Hebrew being. This arousal may express itself in a compulsion to keep the commandments as they understand them. In others it is a yearning to return to the Land of Israel. In many cases both impulses are present. For most of those concerned conversion to Judaism is out of the question. Usually they are strongly attached to the foundations of their own religion. They usually also feel a strong attachment to the Jewish People and support the State of Israel. We cannot really say anything to such "Ephraimites" (as they often call themselves) other than to encourage them in the path they are going, give information to those who request it, and trust that the Almighty will guide all of us along the track we need to follow. This arousal was foretold in Prophecy.
The Lost Ten Tribes in the latter Times were to be Christians See the Brit-Am Commentary to Jeremiah chapter 31.
[Jeremiah 31:6] FOR THERE SHALL BE A DAY, THAT THE WATCHMEN [Hebrew: "Notsrim"] UPON THE MOUNT EPHRAIM SHALL CRY, ARISE YE, AND LET US GO UP TO ZION UNTO THE LORD OUR GOD.The word translated above as “WATCHMEN” in Hebrew is “Notsrim”. This term in Hebrew came to mean “Christians” and Jeremiah was in fact prophesying that the Lost Ten Tribes in the latter Times would be Christians prior to their return.
This equation of "Notsrim" with Christians was first remarked upon as far as we know by Don Isaac Abarbanel (1437 - 1508). Abarbanel applied the term to non-Israelite Christian enemies of Israel coming from the north. We however understand the Biblical passage differently. We discussed the term "Notsrim" and its historical significance in our work "Ephraim". Archaeological evidence indicates that in the time of the prophets amongst Northern Israelites there existed a kind of paganised-Hebraic cult whose followers would have been known as "Notsrim". Later the name was applied to Christians possibly due to similarities between the two beliefs. Jeremiah when making his prophecy, after the manner of Prophets, would have taken the nearest parallel extant in his time to describe that of the future, i.e. he wanted to tell us that at that stage they would be Christians. This does not mean he would have agreed with Christianity only that just prior to their Redemption Christianity would have been the faith the Ephraimites followed and possibly the means through which Divine Providence begins the process of bringing them back.See the Midrashim quoted and the Comments on Jeremiah 3:18:
This is one of the several good reasons that Brit-Am avoids inter-faith dialogue and religious polemics.
Our task is to tell Joseph and Judah who the Ten Tribes are (Research and Recognition) and to work towards a future Reconciliation between the two.
These are the Three Rs of Brit-Am: Research, Recognition, Reconciliation.
The notion that by "Notsrim" the Prophet Jeremiah intended Christians from the Lost Ten Tribes has since been adopted by several "Ephraimite" leaders who sometimes neglect to accredit either Brit-Am or Abarbanel.
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